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Martyn, John
The Bucolicks of Virgil (1749)
1749, 2 ed.
Abstract: Its foldout black and white illustrations comprising a portrait of Virgil, a map of part of Gaul, a map of the Parthian Empire, a picture of the god pan and an illustration of various flowers engraved by R.Cole. Contains an additional seven pages of remarks by Dr William Greenwood and an index.
 
Masi, Vincenzo
Vicende Politiche dell'Asia dall'Ellesponto All'Indo (1898)
In: 3 volumes
Modena: Tipografica Antica Tipografia Soliani, 1898
Abstract: Contents:
VOLUME I. dall'anno 63 a.C. all'anno 66 d.C.
1. Descrizione geografica. - 2. Stato politico alla morte di Mitridate il Grande. - 3. Difficolta' incontrate da Pompeo per fare approvare le cose operate in Asia. - 4. Stato della Giudea. - 5. Guerra di Crasso contro i Parti. - 6. Conquista di Cipro. - 7. Longino e Bibulo in Siria; Cicerone in Cilicia. - 8. Notizie di qualche altra regione dell'Asia. - 9. Guerra civile, battaglia di Farsalo e combattimenti in mare. - 10. Cesare in Asia; condizioni di questa provincoa; Tarcodimoto, Ariobarzane, Deiotaro. - 11. Guerra Alessandrina. - 12. Guerra con Farnace. - 13. Ritorno di Cesare in Italia, suoi trionfi, suoi provvedimenti sull'amministrazione delle province. - 14. Primi fatti di Erode in Giudea; disposizioni a favore degli Ebrei; Deiotaro e Ariobarzane. - 15. Assegnazione delle province dopo la morte di Cesare; torbidi suscitati in Siria da Cecilio Basso; fine di Trebonio e di Dolabella. - Opere di Cassio e di Bruto in Asia. - 17. Battaglia di Filippi. - 18. Antonio in Asia; ingrandimento di Erode; i Parti in Giudea; sono vinti da Ventidio. - 19. Erode riconosciuto dai Romani re di Giudea. - 20. Passaggio della corona Partica da Orode a Fraate; impresa di Antonio contro i Parti. - 21. Mutamenti fatti da Antonio nei regni e nelle dinastie dell'Asia. - 22. Fine di Sesto Pompeo. - 23. Cleopatra ed Erode; guerra tra costui e gli Arabi. - 24. Battaglia d'Azio.
LIBRO SECONDO - ( Anni 32 a.C. - 33 d.C. )
1. Cesare in Asia subito dopo la battaglia d'Azio; impresa di gladiatori in favore di Antonio. - 2. Ritorno di Augusto in Asia e suoi provvedimenti. - 3. Erode uccide Ircano e si procaccia la banevolenza di Augusto. - 4. Relazioni di Augusto con i Parti, i Medi e gli Armeni. - 5. Onori resi ad Augusto nelle province asiatiche e provvedimenti di lui per l'amministrazione delle province stesse. - 6. Opere e morte di Aminta re di Galizia. - 7. Impresa di Elio Gallo in Arabia. - 8. Vipsanio Agrippa in Asia. - 9. Ritorno di Augusto in Asia e suoi nuovi provvedimenti; terremoti. - 10. Opere e fine di Erode il Grande. - 11. Soggiorno di Tiberio a Rodi; impresa e morte di Caio Cesare in Armenia. - 12. Successione di re Parti. - 13. Torbidi in Armenia; vicende e morte di Archelao re della Cappadocia, la quale e' ridotta in provincia. - 14. Pitodori e suo figlio Polemone; Diteuto: la Commagene ridotta a provincia. - 15. Germanico in Asia e sua morte; resistenza e condanna di Pisone. - 16. Sollevazione in Isauria; eserciti romani stanziati in Asia; accuse e condanne di alcuni governatori; giudizi sulle immunita' di alcune citta' dell'Asia; il falso Druso. - 17. Avvenimenti di Giudea dalla morte di Erode il Grande alla fine di Archelao - Opere dei tetrarchi Antipa e Filippo. - 18. Gesu' Cristo. - 19. Cose di Arabia.
LIBRO TERZO - ( Anni 34 - 66 d.C. )
1. Artabano occupa l'Armenia; guerra che ne segue. - 2. Coronazione di Teridate re dei Parti e ritorno di Artabano che fa pace con Roma. - 3. Ribellione di Anileo e Asileo nella Babiblonia e grande uccisione di Ebrei. - 4. Regni dell'Adiabene, di Carace, di Commagene restituita agli antiochi, di Emesa e d'Iturea; ribellione di Cliti. - 5. Successione di re nell'Arabia Petrea e nella Felice. - 6. Palestina: Filippo, Antipa, Agrippa I, Agrippa II. - 7. Guerre civili fra i Parti: Artabano, Gotarze, Bardane, Meerdate. -8. Guerra in Armenia tra Romani e Parti; incoronazione di Teridate re di Armenia fatta da Nerone. - 9. Sollevamento di Lici; Polemone II re del Ponto e di parte della Cilicia; Coti e poi Areistobolo signori dell'Armenia minore; Antioco Commageno; Farasmane Ibero; Soemo di Sofene; Soemo di Emesa. - 10. Provvedimenti particolari per Rodi, Ilio, Apamea, Laodicea, Ace Tolemaide, Archelaide, Mileto. -11. Mala amministrazione dell'Asia e suoi presidi; divisione amministrativa dell'Armenia; riduzione del Ponto a provincia. - 12. Prima diffusione del Cristianesimo in Asia. - 13. Commerci e provvedimenti mercantili.
 
Masson
[Title?] (1928)
In: Izv. Sredazkomstaris 3
Tashkent: 1928, 285 p.
Abstract: Principal catalog of the Bairam-Ali hoard (IGCH 1829) of Sinatruces and Phraates III (?) issues.
 
Masson, M. E.
"Gorodishcha Nisy v selenii Bagir i ikh izuchenie" [A study of Nisa fortified sites in the village of Bagir] in Russian) (1949)
In: TIUTAKE (Trudy IUzhno-Turkmenistanskoi arkheologicheskoi kmpleksnoi ekspeditsii) [Southern Turkmenistan Archeological Complex Expedition], vol. 1 (1949)
1949, p. 16-105.
 
"Nekotorye novye dannye po istorii Parfii" [New data on Parthian history] (1950)
Vestnik Drevnei Istorii, 1950, no. 3, p. 41-55.
Abstract: p. 43, Masson identifies the town of Dara in Justin with modern Abivard.
 
"Novye dannye po istorii rabovladel'cheskogo obshchestva na territorii IUzhnogo Turkmenistana" (1951)
Vestnik Drevnei Istorii, 1951, vol. 1951, no. 1
 
"Novyje dannyi po drievniej istorii Merva" (1951)
Vestnik Drevnei Istorii, 1951, no. 4, p. 89-101.
 
[title?] (1951)
In: Izvestiya Akad. Nauk Turkmenskoi SSR, 1
1951, ca. 93 p.
 
"Parthian Tetradrachm of Mithradates I, Found in the Ruins of Ancient Nisa" (in Russian) (1963)
Vestnik Drevnei Istorii, 1963, p. 152-155.
 
Perechen opublikovannykh rabot i materialov po timatike YuTAKE (1970)
Ashkabad: 1970
Abstract: A bibliography of over 500 items related to the excavations at Nisa, near Ashkabad. Cited by Frye, 1984, p. 205.
 
"Parfiano-sogdiiskie monety oblasti doliny Kashka-Dar'i" [Parthian and Sogdian coins from the Kashka Darya valley] (1977)
In: Kobylina, Mariia M. (ed.), Istoriia i kultura antichnogo mira
Moscow: Nauka, 1977, 231 p.
 
Masson, M. E. and Pugachenkova, G. A.
"Ottiski Parfyanskikh pechatei iz Nisy" [Parthian seal impressions from Nisa] (1954)
Vestnik Drevnei Istorii, 1954, no. 4, p. 159-169.
 
"Mramornye statui parfianskogo vremeni iz Staroi Nisy" [Marble statues of the Parthian period from Old Nisa] (1956)
In: Ezegodnik Instituta Istorii Iskusstva, 7
1956, p. 460-489.
Abstract: Article is summarized in article of same title in Bibliotheca Classica Orientalis, 7.4 (1962).
 
"Mramornye statui parfianskogo vremeni iz Staroi Nisy" [Marble statues of the Parthian period from Old Nisa] (1956)
Bibliotheca Classica Orientalis, 1962, vol. 7.4, p. 220-223.
Abstract: Is this a summary of the 1956 article of same title in Ezegodnik Instituta Istorii Iskusstva, 7.
 
Parfianskie ritony Nisy [Parthian Rhytons from Nisa] (1959)
In: TIUTAKE (Trudy IUzhno-Turkmenistanskoi arkheologicheskoi kmpleksnoi ekspeditsii) [Southern Turkmenistan Archeological Complex Expedition], Vol 4.
Ashkhabad: 1959
Abstract: With 120 magnificant plates. Also see English edition by Davidovich, E. A., Masson, M. E. and Pugachenkova, G. A. (Florence, 1982); Persian translation by Shahram Heydarabadian (Tehran, 2004)

Also see Al'bom illjustracii, Moskva 1956
 
The Parthian Rhytons of Nisa (1982)
In: Series: Monografie di Mesopotamia, vol 1
Florence: Casa Editrice Le Lettere, 1982, 149 p.
Abstract: Caroline M. Breton Bruce's English translation of TIUTAKE (Trudy IUzhno-Turkmenistanskoi arkheologicheskoi kmpleksnoi ekspeditsii) [Southern Turkmenistan Archeological Complex Expedition], Vol 4. Introduction by Prof. A. Invernizzi.

Also see Al'bom illjustracii, Moskva 1956
 
Parthian Rhytons of Nisa (in Persian, translated by Shahram Heydarabadian) (2004)
Tehran: Makan, 2004, 31 p.
Abstract: Translation into Persian of Masson and Pugachenkova 1956 original.

This book bears a dual Persian/ English title but has only a brief introduction in English. It provides an accessible Persian edition to images of the Rhytons. Unfortunately, the plates are poorly printed.
 
Masson, V. M.
Staraia Nisa--rezidentsiia parfianskikh tsarei [Old Nisa--a Parthian royal residence] (1985)
Leningrad: Nauka, 1985, 12 p.
Abstract: Russian text, parallel English translation
 
Das Land der Tausend Stadte [The Land of the 1000 Cities, Bactria, Chorasmia, Margiana, Parthia and Sogdia, Excavations in the Southern Soviet-Union] (1987)
Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 1987, 240 p.
Abstract: See review by Brentjes, B. in Central Asiatic Journal, vol. 32 (1988), 3-4, pp. 304-305.
 
"The discovery of the Parthian rhytons in the Royal Treasury at Old Nisa" (2008)
Parthica, 2008, vol. 10
 
Mas'udi
Kitab al-tanbih (1896)
Paris: 1896
 
Matheson, Sylvia A.
Persia : an archaeological guide (1976)
London: Faber & Faber, 1976, 2 ed., 358 p.
Abstract: Detailed descriptions of archaeological sites of all periods plus directions to the site, transportation and accommodations, etc.
 
Mathiesen, H. E.
"A Note on the Dating of the Parthian Rock Relief at Hung-I Nauruzi" (1985)
Acta Archæologica, 1985, vol. 56, p. 191-196.
 
"Stylistic Trends in Late Parthian Sculpture. A Survey" (1988-1989)
1989, vol. 17-18, no. 1988-89
 
Sculpture in the Parthian Empire: A Study in Chronology (1992)
In: 2 volumes
Aarhus: Aarhus University Press, 1992
Abstract: A study on the chronology of the sculpure, primarily large-scale, of the Parthian Empire. The catalogue describes individual sculptural monuments and enumerates results and proposals of previous research. The text volume attempts to date the monuments according to their style and other criteria (such as iconographical traits, historical identifications or the contents of accompanying inscriptions and technical details).
The study deals with sculptures from the central part of the Parthian Empire, defined as the area from around the Euphrates in the west (including a few monuments from Edesa and ancient Armenia) to the eastern frontiers of Iran, and from the Persian Gulf in the south to Parthyene, the southern part of Soviet Turkmenistan, in the north. However, some ivory reliefs found at Olbia and normally included in studies on Parthian art are also treated here. [Publisher]
Contents:
Volume I: Early Parthian sculpture (c. 250-1 BC); Middle Parthian sculpture (c. 1-150 AD); Late Parthian sculpture (c. 150-225 AD) - Late Parthian I (c. 150-200 AD), Late Parthian II (c. 200-225); Sub-Parthian sculpture at Hatra (the 230s AD); appendices - a survey of the sculpture of Hatra, the sculptures of Dura-Europos, the testimony of the coins, commagene, the sculpture of Antiochos I Theos (c. 69-36 BC), Parthian kings.
Volume II Catalogue: Elymais-Susiana; Persis; the Persian Gulf; Central Iran; Iranian Kurdistan; Iraqi Kurdistan; Turkmenistan; Ukraine; Greater Mesopotamia; museums and private collections.
 
Mattern, Susan P.
Rome and the enemy : imperial strategy in the principate (1999)
Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999, xviii+259 p.
Abstract: How did the Romans build and maintain one of the most powerful and stable empires in the history of the world? This illuminating book draws on the literature, especially the historiography, composed by the members of the elite who conducted Roman foreign affairs. From this evidence, Susan P. Mattern reevaluates the roots, motivations, and goals of Roman imperial foreign policy especially as that policy related to warfare. In a major reinterpretation of the sources, Rome and the Enemy shows that concepts of national honor, fierce competition for status, and revenge drove Roman foreign policy, and though different from the highly rationalizing strategies often attributed to the Romans, dictated patterns of response that remained consistent over centuries.

Mattern reconstructs the world view of the Roman decision-makers, the emperors, and the elite from which they drew their advisers. She discusses Roman conceptions of geography, strategy, economics, and the influence of traditional Roman values on the conduct of military campaigns. She shows that these leaders were more strongly influenced by a traditional, stereotyped perception of the enemy and a drive to avenge insults to their national honor than by concepts of defensible borders. In fact, the desire to enforce an image of Roman power was a major policy goal behind many of their most brutal and aggressive campaigns.

Rome and the Enemy provides a fascinating look into the Roman mind in addition to a compelling reexamination of Roman conceptions of warfare and national honor. The resulting picture creates a new understanding of Rome's long mastery of the Mediterranean world. --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title. [Publisher]
 
Matthiae, Karl & Schönert-Geiss, Edith
Münzen aus der urchristlichen Umwelt (1991)
Berlin: Evangelische Verlagsanstalt, 1991, 128 p.
Abstract: See chapter: "Judaea unter römischer Herrschaft und der Vorstoß der Parther". Coin 49 is a rare example of the Parthian triumph arch, unknown except for the coins.
 
Matyszak, Philip
The enemies of Rome : from Hannibal to Attila the Hun (2004)
London: Thames & Hudson, 2005, 296 p.
Abstract: The gripping stories of the most colourful and formidable characters to challenge the might of rome.... Hannibal, Arminius, Boudicca, Josephus, Decebalus, Shapur I, Phillip V, Zenobia, Vitiathus, Alaric, Jugurtha, Attila, Mithridates, Spartacus, Vercingetorix, Orodes II, Cleopatra.

Until recently it was assumed that Rome carried the torch of civilization into the barbarian darkness,bringing law,architecture and literate to conquered peoples.An alternative view now suggests that many of Rome's enemies - the Celts and Dacian's for example - were developing civilisations in their own right before obliteration at the Roman sword. [Publisher]
 
Maurer, K.
"Gallus' Parthian Bow" (1998)
Latomus, 1998, vol. 57, no. 3, p. 578.
 
Mawer, Caroline
"The Greatness that was Parthia" (review, lecture by Antonio Invernizzi) (2007)
CAIS Archaeological and Cultural News, 2007, no. 8 August 2007
Abstract: Review of lecture presented by Professor Antonio Invernizzi, University of Turin at the British Museum's Vladimir G. Lukonin Memorial Lecture, British Museum, London, 10 July 2007.
 
Mayrhofer, Manfred
"Zu den Parther-Namen der griechischen Awroman-Dokumente" (1974)
In: Mémorial Jean de Menasce
Louvain: 1974, p. 205-213.
 
"Zum Namengut des Avesta" (1977)
In: Verdffentlichungen der iranischen Kommission, hrsg. v. M. Mayrhofer, Bd. 3
Vienna: Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1977, vol. 308
 
Mazda, A.
"Die Glaskunst des Parther-Reiches" (1976)
In: Akten des VII. Internationalen Kongresses für Iranische Kunst und Archäologie : München, 7.-10. September 1976. Archäologische Mitteilungen aus Iran. Ergänzungsband 6
Berlin: D. Reimer, 1977, 246 p.
Abstract: Paper read at congress but not included in the Proceedings.
 
McCabe, James D.
The pictorial history of the world (1878)
Philadelphia: National Publishing Co., 1878, 1342 p.
Abstract: Full title: The pictorial history of the world; embracing full and authentic accounts of every nation of ancient and modern times. Showing the causes of their prosperity and decline. With sketches of the leading characters in the world's history. There is a revised edition, 1907 by J.R. Jones, "brought down to the present time by Henry Davenport Northrop, the Well-Known Historian."

See Book XIV, The Parthian Empire: The Rise and Fall of the Parthian Monarchy
 
McCown, C. C.
"Epigraphic Gleanings in Transjordan" (1937)
Bulletin of the American School of Oriental Research, 1937, vol. 66, p. 20.
 
McDowell, Robert Harbold
"The excavations at Seleucia on the Tigris" (1932)
Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters, 1932, vol. 18, p. 101-119.
 
The Coins from Seleucia on the Tigris (1935)
In: University of Michigan studies. Humanistic series. vol. 37
Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1935, xiv+248 p.
Abstract: Seleucid & Parthian coins found in 1920's-30's at Seleucia on the Tigris in the University of Michigan excavetions. --pt. I. Coins of the Seleucid period. --pt. II. Coins of the Parthian period.
 
Stamped and Inscribed Objects from Seleucia on the Tigris (1935)
In: University of Michigan studies. Humanistic series ; v. 36
Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1935
Abstract: Thesis (Ph.D) -- University of Michigan, 1933
 
The geography of Parthian Iran. 1 ; Notes on Parthian political history. 2. (1936)
1936
Abstract: 36 type-written sheets. Sections 3 & 4 of his Guggenheim Fellowship Report, 1936.
 
"The Indo-Parthian Frontier" (1939)
American Historical Review, 1939, vol. 44, no. 4 (July), p. 781-801.
 
"The History of Seleucia from Classical Sources" (1972)
In: Hopkins, Clark, Topography and architecture of Seleucia on the Tigris
Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1972
Abstract: On p. 2, discusses Parthian temple A at Seleucia on the Tigris site.
 
McEwan, G. J. P.
"Arsacid Temple Records" (1981)
Iraq, 1981, vol. 43, p. 131-143.
Abstract: Translates a tablet dated 219 SE (= 94/3 B.C., from the reign of Mithradates II), in which the scribe gives an account of re-smelting gold probably "as a means of insuring the standard of the coinage". This is found in tablet AB 245 (ex Bodleian Library, now in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, UK). The author comments that "gold is not attested in the economic texts of the Seleucid period, but to judge from the fact that it is mentioned here in relatively small quantities as gifts to the temple, it would seem that it was again in general circulation during the Arsacid period."
 
"A Parthian Campaign against Elymais in 77 B.C." (1986)
Iran, 1986, vol. 24, p. 91-94.
 
McGovern, William Montgomery
The early empires of Central Asia; a study of the Scythians and the Huns and the part they played in world history, with special reference to the Chinese sources (1939)
Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1939
 
Meadows, Andrew & Williams, Roderick (eds.)
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum. Great Britain, Vol. XIII, The Collection of the Society of Antiquaries, Newcastle upon Tyne (2005)
Oxford University Press, 2005, 50 p.
Abstract: A fully illustrated catalogue of over 1000 Greek coins in the collection of the Newcastle Society of Antiquaries, this publication offers within a single volume a remarkably full survey of the broad sweep of Greek coinage. The particularly rich collection held at Newcastle contains a number of important and rare coins, drawn from all areas of the Greek world, from Spain, Numidia and Carthage in the West to Greece, Asia Minor and the Levant in the East.

The Newcastle collection has its origins in the exceptional group of Greek coins presented to the Society in 1852 by Algernon, 4th Duke of Northumberland. The collection was further augmented in 1932 through the bequest of Mrs E. F. Streatfeild. [Publisher]

Includes two Parthian coins: 850, 851.
 
Medinger, P.
"L'arc turquois et les archers parthes à la bataille de Carrhes" (1933)
Revue Archéologique, 1933, tome/ser. 6, vol. 2, p. 227.
 
Mehdiabadi, Maliheh
Bistoon Is Built on Old Cemeteries; An interview with Maliheh Mehdiabadi (2003)
In: Etemaad, Daily Newspaper, Vol. 1, No. 273, May. 29th, 2003, Page 8
Word Count : 1664
Etemaad Daily Newspaper, 2003, vol. 1, no. 273 (29 May), p. 8.
Abstract: Bistoon whose historical name was Tarbaghestan is located 30 km from Kermanshah and was used as a passage from Ekbatan to Babylon during the Achaemenid era. It was used as a trade path along the Silk Road during the Sassanid and Ashkanid eras. Explorations in Bistoon ground to a halt after the 1979 Islamic Revolution. In 1999, a new round of excavations got underway in Bistoon after 23 years and Maliheh Mehdiabadi led the project. But in 2001, about 128 monuments were registered as cultural heritage under a single number. [Intro]
 
Mehr Kian, J.
"Découvertes de nouveaux bas-reliefs d'Elymaïde" (1999)
In: Boucharlat, Rémy (ed.), Empires Perses d'Alexandre aux Sassanides
Dossiers d'Archeologie, 1999, no. 243, p. 61.
 
"Trois bas-reliefs parthes dans les months Bakhtiaris" (2001)
Iranica Antiqua, 2001, vol. 36
 
Bibliography - Page 40

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