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Schmitt, Rüdiger
Martin Der name des Hybouzanåes (1983)
Litterae Numismaticae Vindoboneses, 1983, vol. 2, p. 75-77.
 
Suren aber Karin, Zu den Namen zweier Parthergeschlechter (1983)
In: Münchener Studien zur Sprachwissenschaft
Münchener Studien zur Sprachwissenschaft, 1983, vol. 42, p. 197-205.
 
"Iranisches Lehngut im Armenischen" (1983)
Revue des Études Arméniennes, 1983, vol. 17, p. 73-112.
 
"Parthische Sprach- und Namenüberlieferung aus arsakidischer Zeit" (1996)
In: Wiesehöfer, Josef (ed.), Das Partherreich und seine Zeugnisse - The Arsacid Empire : Sources and Documentation. Beiträge des Internationalen Colloquiums, Eutin (27.-30. Juni 1996). Historia-Einzelschriften, 122
Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 1998, p. 163-204.
Abstract: This article is concerned with the question of the transmission and continuity of the Avesta, the sacred text of the Zoroastrians, in the Parthian period. Part 1 offers a summary of the literary sources and Part 2 a description of the research carried out on this topic up to the present. Part 3 discusses the question of the existence of a written Avesta in Arsacid times, Part 4 the evidence derived from Avestan and Pahlaavi texts for the way the tradition was handed down, and Part 5 the linguisstic and graphic evidence for the transmission of the Avesta. Finally, Part 6 deals briefly with the Avesta alphabet before summarizing the results in Part 7, the conclusion. [Author] Large bibliography.
 
Schneider, Michael
The Fascinating Foe: Images of the Orient in Imperial Rome (2007)
In: Curtis, Vesta Sarkhosh & Stewart, Sarah (eds.), Age of the Parthians. Series: Idea of Iran, vol. 2
London: I.B. Tauris, 2007
 
Schneider, Rolf Michael
"Die Faszination des Feindes: Bilder der Parther und des Orients in Rom" (1996)
In: Wiesehöfer, Josef (ed.), Das Partherreich und seine Zeugnisse - The Arsacid Empire : Sources and Documentation. Beiträge des Internationalen Colloquiums, Eutin (27.-30. Juni 1996). Historia-Einzelschriften, 122
Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 1998, p. 95-146.
Abstract: Plates 1 and 2 have exceptional examples of Augustus and Trajan coins with Parthian topics (reverses only).
 
Schneiderwirth, Johann Hermann
Die Parther nach griechisch-römischen Quellen (1874)
Heiligenstadt: 1874
Abstract: From a program from the K.K. Gymnasium in Heiligenstadt 1872-1873
 
Schoff, Wilfred H.
"Some Aspects of the Overland Oriental Trade at the Christian Era" (1915)
Journal of the American Oriental Society, 1915, vol. 35, p. 31-41.
 
Schoff, Wilfred H. (tr.)
Periplus Maris Erythraei :The Periplus of the Erythrœan sea; travel and trade in the Indian Ocean, by a merchant of the first century; tr. from the Greek and annotated by Wilfred H. Schoff (1912)
London: Longmans, Green, and Co., 1912, 323 p.
 
Schottky, Martin
Media Atropatene und Gross-Armenien in hellenistischer Zeit (1989)
Bonn: Habelt, 1989
Abstract: Revised and enlarged edition of the author's thesis (doctoral--Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, 1988)
 
"Gibt es Münzen atropatenischer Könige?" (1990)
Archäologische Mitteilungen aus Iran, 1990, vol. 23, p. 211-227.
Abstract: Discussion of Parthian coins and kings.
 
"Parther, Meder und Hyrkanien. Eine untersuchung der dynastischen und geographischen verflechtungen im Iran des 1.Jhs.n.Chr" (1991)
Archäologische Mitteilungen aus Iran, 1991, vol. 24, p. 61-134.
Abstract: With a stemmata of the Parthian dynasty from Phriapatius.
 
"Quellen zur Geschichte von Media Atropatene und Hyrkanien in partischer Zeit" (1996)
In: Wiesehöfer, Josef (ed.), Das Partherreich und seine Zeugnisse - The Arsacid Empire : Sources and Documentation. Beiträge des Internationalen Colloquiums, Eutin (27.-30. Juni 1996). Historia-Einzelschriften, 122
Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 1998, p. 435-472.
Abstract: Includes a detailed and useful bibliography.
 
"Gotarzes II., Partherkönig" (1998)
In: Cancik, Hubert & Schneider, Helmuth (eds.), Der Neue Pauly. Enzyklopädie der Antike. Altertum. Bd. IV. Epo - Gro.
Stuttgart: Verlag J. B. Metzler, 1998, p. 1162-1163.
 
"Mithridates (12) I., der Begründer des parthischen Großreiches" (2000)
In: Cancik, Hubert & Schneider, Helmuth (eds.), Der Neue Pauly. Enzyklopädie der Antike. Altertum. Bd. IV. Epo - Gro.
Stuttgart: Verlag J. B. Metzler, 2000, 282 p.
 
"Mithridates (13) II" (2000)
In: Cancik, Hubert & Schneider, Helmuth (eds.), Der Neue Pauly. Enzyklopädie der Antike. Altertum. Bd. IV. Epo - Gro.
Stuttgart: Verlag J. B. Metzler, 2000, 282 p.
 
"Mithridates (15), Meherdates bei Tacitus, Ann. 12, 10 -14, in Rom lebender Sohn des Vonones" (2000)
In: Cancik, Hubert & Schneider, Helmuth (eds.), Der Neue Pauly. Enzyklopädie der Antike. Altertum. Bd. IV. Epo - Gro.
Stuttgart: Verlag J. B. Metzler, 2000, 283 p.
 
"Mithridates (20), wurde von Tiberius zum König von Armenien bestimmt" (2000)
In: Cancik, Hubert & Schneider, Helmuth (eds.), Der Neue Pauly. Enzyklopädie der Antike. Altertum. Bd. IV. Epo - Gro.
Stuttgart: Verlag J. B. Metzler, 2000, 283 p.
 
"Monaises, parthischer Adliger, der 37 v. Chr. zu Antonius floh" (2000)
In: Cancik, Hubert & Schneider, Helmuth (eds.), Der Neue Pauly. Enzyklopädie der Antike. Altertum. Bd. IV. Epo - Gro.
Stuttgart: Verlag J. B. Metzler, 2000, 352 p.
 
"Mithridates (14) III" (2000)
In: Cancik, Hubert & Schneider, Helmuth (eds.), Der Neue Pauly. Enzyklopädie der Antike. Altertum. Bd. IV. Epo - Gro.
Stuttgart: Verlag J. B. Metzler, 2000, 282 p.
 
Schrader, F.
"Die Datirung der babylonischen sogenanten Arsaciden-inschriften" (1890)
Sitzungsberichte der preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1890, p. 1319-1332.
 
"Die Datirung der babylonischen sogenanten Arsaciden-inschriften -- Nachtrag" (1891)
Sitzungsberichte der preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1891, p. 3-6.
 
Schultz, Hans-Dietrich (ed.)
Antike Münzen. Bildheft zur Ausstellung des Münzkabinetts. Das Kabinett 3 (1997)
Berlin: 1997, 112 p.
Abstract: Präsentiert wird ein Auszug aus allen Bereichen der antiken Numisamtik: Griechen, Römer, Kelten, Parther, Sasaniden, Römische Provinzialprägungen etc. 609 examples (of which five are Parthian coins).
 
Schultz, Sabine
"Ein Fund parthischer Tetradrachmen aus der Zeit des Phraates IV" (1982)
Forschungen und Berichte, 1982, vol. 22, p. 117-126.
Abstract: Discusses coins of the Assur, Qal'at Scherquat, 1912 hoard (Wartenberg et al, Coin Hoards VIII, no. 548). Contains 154 AR tetradrachm of Phraates IV and 5 tetradrachm of Tiridates to year 289. Coins now in Staatliche Museen, Berlin, no. 154.
 
Schultz, Sabine & Zahle, Jan (eds.)
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum. Copenhagen. Supplement : Acquisitions 1942-1966 (2002)
Copenhagen: Danish National Museum, 2002
Abstract: Later included in volume 7 of the reprinted SNG Copenhagen. 250 coins are listed, and all are pictured on 7 beautiful folio-size plates. The book is a work of art itself, but Kroh [Reviews, 45] maintains that the text is now obsolete. Olson complains that the editors used modern Greek miniscule characters in place of the actual epigrams and made frequent reference to "barbarian letterforms". [Greek Letterforms, 1973, 39]. See review by G. K. Jenkins, Num Chron, ser. 7, vol. 10 (1970), pp. 321-323.
 
Schuol, Monika
"Die Zeugnisse zur Geschichte und Kultur der parthischen Charakene" (1996)
In: Wiesehöfer, Josef (ed.), Das Partherreich und seine Zeugnisse - The Arsacid Empire : Sources and Documentation. Beiträge des Internationalen Colloquiums, Eutin (27.-30. Juni 1996). Historia-Einzelschriften, 122
Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 1998, p. 407-415.
 
Die Charakene : ein mesopotamisches Königreich in hellenistisch-parthischer Zeit (2000)
In: Wiesehöfer, Josef (ed.), Oriens et occidens : Studien zu antiken Kulturkontakten und ihrem Nachleben ; Bd. 1
Stuttgart: Steiner, 2000, 554 p.
Abstract: Thesis (doctoral) - Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel, 1997/98. Includes chronology of kings on p. 465, also maps and an extensive bibliography.

See reviews: Stefan R. Hauser BMCR 2001-12-20; also in Topoi 11, pp. 849-851; Olbrycht, M. J., Gnomon 75, 2003, 320-323.
 
Schuol, Monika; Hartmann, Udo and Luther, Andreas (eds.)
Grenzüberschreitungen : Formen des Kontakts zwischen Orient und Okzident im Altertum. Papers presented at a symposium held in Berlin, March 2001
In: Series: Oriens et occidens ; Bd. 3
Stuttgart: Steiner, 2002, 414 p.
Abstract: See review: Olbrycht, M. J.,
Humanitie. Sozial- und Kulturgeschichte
(website, Sep 2002)
 
Schur, Nathan
"Parthia II B (Das Partherreich als Grenznachbar d. Römerreiches)"
In: RE XVIII.4
p. 1987-2029.
 
"Parthians and Sassanians in Iran" (Chapt. 25) (1997)
In: The relevant history of mankind
Brighton: Alpha Press, 1997, p. 71-74.
 
Schur, Werner
"Die Orientpolitik des Kaisers Nero" (1923)
In: Klio. Supplements 15, N.F. 2
1923
Abstract: See review: M. Cary, Journal of Roman Studies, Vol. 12, 1922 (1922) , p.146.
 
"Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der Kriege Corbulos" (1925)
Klio, 1925, vol. 19, p. 75-96.
 
"Zur neronischen Orientpolitik" (1926)
Klio, 1926, vol. 20, p. 215-222.
 
"Parthia II B: Das Partherreich als Grenznachbar des Römerreiches" (1949)
In: RE 36,3
1949, p. 1987-2029.
 
Schur, Werner & Junge, Peter Julius
"Parthia: IIA. Das Partherreich in hellenistischer Zeit..."; "IIB. Das Partherreich als Grenznachbar des Römerreiches" (1949)
In: RE. Paulys Realencyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft. (Sechsunddreissigster Halbband. Letztes Drittel)
1949, p. 1968-2029.
Abstract: Full title: Parthia: IIA. Das Partherreich in hellenistischer Zeit (der Aufstieg der Parther hat aus verschiedenen Gründen in der Forschung bisher eine äußerst stiefmütterliche Behandlung erfahren, und so kommt es, daß seine allgemeingeschichtliche Bedeutung bisher in keiner Weise zur Geltung kommen konnte); IIB. Das Partherreich als Grenznachbar des Römerreiches.
 
Schwartz, Daniel R.
"On Antiochus VII Sidetes' Parthian Expedition and the Fragmentation of Historical Research" (in Hebrew) (1996)
In: Openhaimer, Aaron; Gafni, Isaiah M. & Schwartz, Daniel R. (eds.), The Jews in the Hellenistic-Roman World. Studies in Memory of Menahem Stern (ha-Yehudim ba-‘olam ha-Helenisti veha-Romi : mehkarim le-zikhro shel Menahem Shtern)
Jeruaslem: Merkaz Zalman Shazar , 1996, p. 83-102, 144.
Abstract: English summary on p. 144.
 
Schwartzberg, Joseph E. (ed.)
A Historical Atlas of South Asia (1992)
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992, 2 ed., xxxix+376 p.
Abstract: 2nd. Impression with additional material, 1992. Several maps of interest:

"Ten Views of the Limits of the Kushan Empire c. 1-300 A.D." (p. xxxiii) gives numerous overview maps showing how ten historians illustrate the limits of the Kushan empire. By inference, these may indicate the eastern boundaries of the Parthians for this period. Refers to works (all listed in this Parthia Bibliography) of A. Herrmann (1935), R. Ghirshman (1946), C. C. Davies (1949), Y. Mishra and M. Ismail (1952), I. M. Raisner et al. (1959), A. J. Toynbee and E. D. Myers (1959), B. N. Puri (1965), M. Penkala (1966) and A. H. Dani (1967), plus the author's composite view.

"Political Flux on the Northwest Threshold of South Asia, c. 130 B.C.-78 A.D." (p. xxxiv) adapted with minor modifications from a series of maps by K. Walton Dobbins. Includes 19 maps showing easter boundaries of the Arsacids.
 
Sciandra, Roberto
"Il 'Re dei Re' e il 'Satrapo dei Satrapi': note sulla successione tra Mitridate II e Gotarze I a Babilonia (ca. 94-80 a.e.v.)" (2008)
In: Virgilio, Biagio (ed.), Studi ellenistici XX
Studi ellenistici, 2008, vol. 20, p. 471-488.
 
Scott, William H.
"On Parthian Coins" (1855)
Numismatic Chronicle, 1855, tome/ser. 1, vol. 17, p. 131-173.
 
"Explanation of a type of Arsaces XXX" (1856)
Numismatic Chronicle, 1856, vol. 18, p. 85-86.
 
"Note on the coins of Meredates and Uiphoba" (1857)
Numismatic Chronicle, 1857, vol. 19, p. 226-227.
 
Seaby, H. A.
Greek Coins and their Values (1966)
London: B. A. Seaby, Ltd., 1966, 2 ed.
Abstract: Catalogs 75 Parthian coins (2534-2609) using Petrowicz for attributions with only five line drawings and one pictured. Also catalogs 3 Armenian, 10 Elymais, 4 Characene, 3 Persis.
 
Seager, J. R.
"The return of the standards in 20 B.C." (1977)
Liverpool Classical Monthly, 1977, vol. 2, p. 201-202.
 
Sear, David R.
Greek Coins and Their Values, vol. 2: Asia Minor, Africa, and the Hellenistic empires (1979)
London: B. A. Seaby, Ltd., 1979, 493 p.
Abstract: This work is the successor to Seaby's Greek coin catalog. Standard guide and numbering system for Asia Minor, Syria, Palestine, Arabia, Mesopotanmia, Persia, Elymais, Bactria, Egypt, N. Africa, Armenia, Parthia, etc, with 4500 listings; values; articles on history, types, dates, weight standards, etc. Over 2000 photos, 4 tables of ancient alphabets, 11 maps and an index. The Parthian coins are contained on pages 690-705 [1979 ed.] covers the period down to 2 B.C. (Phraates IV). Cross-referenced to Sellwood's Introduction... (obsolete 1st ed., 1971). See additional Parthian listings in Greek Imperial Coins & their Values, also by Sear. Kroh states, "The coverage is very spotty, and the dating is often in disagreement with currently held opinions." [Kroh, Reviews, p. 45]. See review C. Martin, Schweizer Münzblätter (Gazette Numismatique Suisse) vol 30 no 117 (Feb 1980), p. 26.

See also the German transl: Eva & Wolfgang Szaivert and David Sear: Griechscher Munzkatalog: Band 2: Asien und Afrika (1983).
 
Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values, the Local Coinages of the Roman Empire (1982)
London: B. A. Seaby, Ltd., 1982, xxxvi+636 p.
Abstract: Coverage of Greek coins during the Roman period as well as Judean and Parthian coins from the 1st AD. The Parthian coins are listed on pp. 567-582 [1982 ed] and it covers issues after 2 B.C. (Phraates IV) down to 224 A.D. (Artanabus IV). Cross-referenced to Sellwood's "Introduction..." (first edition). See additional Parthian listings in Greek Coins and Their Values: Asia Minor, Africa, and the Hellenistic empires, also by Sear. Kroh states, "The coverage is very spotty, and the dating is often in disagreement with currently held opinions." [Kroh, Reviews, p. 45]
 
The History and Coinage of the Roman Imperators 49-27 B.C. (1998)
London: 1998, xxxii+360 p.
Abstract: A detailed account of the coinage of the triumvirs from Pompey to Octavian, divided into six chapters:
-- 49-47 BC - Pompey and his supporters; Caesar; Roman Moneyers
-- 47-45 BC Pompeians in North Africa and Spain; Caesar's issues for the African and Spanish campaigns; Roman Moneyers
-- 44-42 BC - Ides of March through Philippi; Coins honouring Caesar; Military issues of Antony, Octavian, and Lepidus; C. Antonius as Governor of Macedon; Issues honoring Anthony, Octavian and Lepidus; Issues of Brutus, C. Cassius, Cornuficius and Sextus Pompey
-- 42-36 BC - Philippi to the Parthian War; Issues of Antony; Octavian; Roman Moneyers; Sextus Pompey in Sicily; L. Staius Murcus; Domitius Ahenobarbus; Quintus Labienus and Domitianus Calvinus
-- 36-30 BC - From the Parthian Wars to the Suicides of Antony and Cleopatra; Issues of Antony and Octavian
-- 30-27 BC - Preeminence of Octavian
 
Seeck
"Artabannes 1) (Feldherr d. armen. Königs Arsakes)"
In: RE II.1
p. 1290-1291.
 
Segal, Judah Benzion
Edessa 'the blessed city' (1970)
Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1970, xviii+308 p.
 
Seipel, Wilfried (ed.)
Weihrauch und Seide : alte Kulturen an der Seidenstrasse : Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien, 21. Jänner bis 14. April 1996
Milano: Skira Editore, 1996, 452 p.
Abstract: Eine Ausstellung des Kunsthistorischen Museums in Zusammenarbeit mit der Staatlichen Eremitage in St. Petersburg.
 
Bibliography - Page 56

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