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On this web site, the database reports there are 1420 web pages illustrated with 3222 Parthian coins and 424 Roman coins. The Annotated Parthia Bibliography contains 3454 reference works by 1711 authors. Click here for statistical analysis of the Parthian coin image database
This site complies with the W3C standards HTML 4.01 and CSS level 3. Each page has buttons at the bottom to test compliance with these standards. [On some pages the HTML element NOBR (non-breaking text) is used for legacy purposes, but is recognized by all browsers.]
This site was originally designed using the 216 "safe" colors so it could be viewed consistently with any Internet browser using almost any monitor or device on the web. Now that 8-bit color limitations are a thing of the past, this site can be viewed at any color depth. For the best viewing of photographs, use True Color (32-bit color depth) and a high screen resolution for your display.
This site uses Unicode fonts throughout. Unicode is not perfect for classicists and numismatists. Not all Unicode Greek fonts have the Archaic Koppa () and lunate Digamma (, also called Stigma) characters required to express dates engraved on some Greek coins. Also, while Unicode has both a four-bar Sigma () and a lunate Sigma (C), many other letterforms are not separately encoded. The technology is evolving to allow variant letterforms, but until that technology matures, we must express Greek legends in the standard letterforms so they will be readable by the majority of computers, unlike the obsolete and unlamented Symbol font. This site uses the Segoe UI or Microsoft Sans Serif fonts to represent Greek inscriptions.
But for the best coverage of the Unicode range of characters appropriate to classical studies and numismatics, and for proper rendering of Greek text on this web site, you should have at least one of the following Unicode fonts installed on your computer. It must also be selected as the default font for Greek in your web browser:
Some other Greek font technical issues and font recommendations are described on the web page Unicode Greek Fonts for Numismatists.
In order of preference, one of the following will be used as the serif font throughout this web site: Constantia or Book Antiqua or Georgia or Palatino Linotype or Times New Roman or Times.
This web site is designed using the Constantia font because its design characteristics make it an excellent presentation font for web pages with an "ancient" feel. Constantia is reminiscent of old style typefaces but specifically designed for computers with excellent display qualities. It is not quite a true serif font, but rather a hybrid of serif and sans serif. Constantia is distributed with Microsoft Windows and Microsoft Office 2007 and later applications.
Book Antiqua is an excellent "ancient" feel font but was replaced by Palatino Linotype in Microsoft software distributions in 2000. Book Antiqua is available if you installed Microsoft Office 95 through Office 2010.
The Georgia font is part of the Web core fonts package and is preinstalled by default on Windows-based computers through Windows 8 and on all Apple Macintosh systems. The Georgia typeface shares many similarities with Times New Roman, though Georgia is noticeably larger than Times at the same point size.
Palatino Linotype font, the definitive version of Hermann Zapf's famous Palatino also has an "ancient" feel. While not every browser will have it available, Palatino Linotype is widely available on Macs and has been distributed with all Microsoft applications since 2000. Since its design in 1950 it has become one of the world's most widely used typefaces.
Where none of the above fonts is available on your computer, Times New Roman or Times font is substituted. Times New Roman (and the closely related Times) font is ubiquitous on modern computers. This font is supplied with Microsoft Windows. It is also freely available for Apple Macintosh computers.
Where none of the above fonts is available, the default font specified for your Internet browser will be used.
TrueType, Adobe Type 1 and OpenType font icons are used to identify web pages or links that require a special font on the destination page. There are two specialty fonts currently available:
Numismatica Pro Fonts - A font that includes archaic and classical Greek letterforms in addition to numismatic control mark and monogram glyphs. See the Numismatica Pro Font web page for more information.
Cardo - Another font (free at the scholarsfonts.net web site) that includes archaic and classical Greek letterforms compatible with Numismatica Pro. However, it does not include numismatic control mark and monogram glyphs.
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This page last updated 30 Oct 2019