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Coins of Rome about Parthia:
Gallienus (A.D. 253-268)

P. Licinius Egnatius Gallienus, son of Valerian I, was made co-emperor soon after his father's elevation. After the capture of Valerian I by the Sasanians, Gallienus became ruler of an empire subject not only to fierce barbarian attacks, but also rent by internal revolts, famine and plague. Much of the Roman East came under the control of Odenathus of Palmyra. Gaul, Spain and Britain were lost to the central government when Postumus established an independent empire. Although an able soldier, Gallienus was not the man to reconstitute an empire showing every sign of disintegration. He was eventually murdered at the siege of Milan. The future emperors Claudius and Aurelian were involved in the assassination conspiracy.

The LEG II PARTH coins date from his joint reign with Valerian, and refers to a legion named "II Parthica". Remaining coins are dated to his sole reign.


Coins in the Name of Gallienus

Click on coin catalog links to view images:

Catalog Denom Inscription Reverse Type

Gallienus  A.D. 253-268

RIC 86v. aureus IMP GALLIENVS P F AVG / ORIENS AVGG Sol stand. R head L, holding globe in L hand and raising R
RSC 478 anton GALLIENVS AVG / LEG II PART V P V F radiate bust / centaur running L (refers to Parthica Legion)
RSC 479-486 anton " variations of RSC 478 (refers to Parthica Legion)
RIC 335 anton GALLIENVS AVG / LEG II PART VI P VI F radiate bust / centaur L holding globe (refers to Parthica Legion)
RSC 762 anton GALLIENVS AVG / PAX FVNDATA radiate bust /trophy & 2 captives (see reverse detail)
RIC 652 (sole
reign)
  GALLIENVS AVG / PAX FVNDATA trophy between two captives, palm branch as control mark in exergue (event of peace settlement of 264 in the East, according to Foss)
RSC 769 anton GALLIENVS AVG / PAX FVNDATA radiate bust /trophy & 2 captives
RSC 770
RSC 771
anton " variations of RSC 769 - bust L, etc.
RSC 1190 anton GALLIENVS AVG / VICTORIA PART radiate bust /Victory stand. L
RSC 1191 anton " radiate bust R / Victory crowning emperor
RSC 1192 anton IMP GALLIENVS ABG / VICTORIA PART radiate bust / Victory & emperor stand.
RIC unlisted   IMP C P LIC GALLIENVS PF AVG / RESTITVT ORIENTIS turreted female (Orient) stand. R presenting wreath to Valerian, holding spear; rev. same as the Valerian RIC 287c , but has a Gallienus obv. [mule]
RIC 249 anton GALLIENVS AVG / ORIENS AVG Sol stand. L, holding whip
RIC 495 anton " Sol stand. L, holding globe
RIC 494 anton GALLIENVS P AVG / ORIENS AVG Sol stand. L, holding whip
RIC 445 anton IMP C P LIC GALLIENVS P F AVG / ORIENS AVG Emperor stand L, holding spear, receiving wreath from Sol
RIC 249 (?) anton IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG / ORIENS AVG Sol stand. L, raising R hand and holding whip in L
RIC 273 as IMP GALLIENVS P F AVG GERM / ORIENS AVGG S C Sol stand. L holding whip
Catalog Denom Inscription Reverse Type

The images are used by permission of their copyright owners. See the Coins of Rome about Parthia index page for a listing of these generous individuals, dealers and institutions.


This page last updated 13 Apr 2008

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