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Coins of Rome about Parthia:
Nero (A.D. 54-68)

The coins of Nero bearing the temple of Janus reverse motif are generally accepted to refer to the peace following cessation of Corbulo's campaigns against the Parthians and the installation of Tiridates, Parthian nominee for the throne of Armenia. This type is scarce; it was issued after Nero's assumption of "Imperator" as a praenomen (mid-66 AD) and was probably discontinued when the Jewish war broke out in November 66 A.D., probably causing the doors of the Temple of Janus to be opened again. The Latin word PARTA does not, at least in this case, refer to Parthia. See an excellent description and translation of Nero's Temple of Janus coins.

The monumental triumphal arch seen on several sestertii was erected by Nero to commemorate Roman military campaigns against the Parthians in Mesopotamia and Armenia. Although not particularly successful in a military sense, with Paetus losing almost his entire army at Randeia in Armenia, the war did end with a peace treaty favorable to Rome that was upheld for nearly fifty years. The arch was dismantled after Nero's ignominious end in 68 and is only known through its depiction on the coins. The coins were struck circa AD 66.

See the biography of Nero at De Imperatoribus Romanis, an online encyclopedia of Roman emperors.


Coins in the Name of Nero

Click on coin catalog links to view images:

Catalog Denom Inscription Reverse Type

Nero  A.D. 54-68

RIC 50
RIC 50
BMC 64
Cohen 114
aureus NERO CAESAR AVGVSTVS / PACE P R TERRA MARIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT Closed doors of the Temple of Janus
BMC 319V
RIC 438v
WCN 419v
sestertius NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P / PACE P R TERRA MARIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT Temple of Janus, door r., S C in field
BMC 321
RIC 510
WCN 441
sestertius IMP NERO CAESAR AVG PONT MAX TR POT P P / PACE P R TERRA MARIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT Temple of Janus, door r., S C in field
BMC 163
RIC 324
WCN 165
sestertius IMP NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P P P / PACE P R TERRA MARIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT Temple of Janus, door r., S C flanking; also BMC 162, RIC 323, WCN 162
BMC 113
RIC 354
WCN 171
sestertius NERO CAESAR AVG IMP TR POT XIII P P / PACE P R TERRA MARIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT Temple of Janus, door l., S C flanking
BMC 158
RIC 264 var
sestertius NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P / PACE P R TERRA MARIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT Temple of Janus, door r., S C in field
BMC 164
RIC 270
WCN 140
sestertius NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GER P M IMP P P / PACE P R TERRA MARIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT / S C Temple of Janus, door l., S C in field
BMC 161
RIC 266
WCN 139
sestertius NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P / PACE P R TERRA MARIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT Temple of Janus, door r., S C in field
BMC 184
RIC 144
WCN 139
C 307
Orichalcum
sestertius
NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P Triumphal arch (victory over Parthia) surmounted by statue of emperor in quadriga flanked by Victory on left holding wreath and palm; Pax on right holding a caduceus and cornucopia, wreath in archway, nude helmeted statue of Mars in side niche of arch, decorated around with friezes of battle scenes. S C across fields
RIC I 433 AE sestertius NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P "
BMC 198
RIC 337
WCN 228
dupondius NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P / PACE P R TERRA MARIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT Temple of Janus, door r.
Cohen 174 dupondius NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG / PACE P R VBIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT (bust L) temple of Janus with closed doors, S C in field (arch R)
RIC 349
WCN 295
dupondius IMP NERO CAESAR AVG GERM / PACE P R VBIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT Temple of Janus, door L, S C in field
BMC 203
RIC 341
WCN 232
dupondius IMP NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P / PACE P R TERRA MARIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT Temple of Janus, door l., S C in field
BMC 204
RIC 342
WCN 236
dupondius IMP NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P / PACE P R VBIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT Temple of Janus, door l., S C in field; also BMC 162, 163
BMC 202v.
RIC 339v.
WCN 231v.
dupondius IMP NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P P P / PACE P R VBIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT Temple of Janus, door r., S C in field
BMC 225 dupondius NERO CAESAR AVG GERM IMP / PACE P R TERRA MARIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT / S C Temple of Janus, door r., S C in field
BMC 198ff.
RIC 337
WCN 228
as NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P / PACE P R TERRA MARIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT Temple of Janus, door r.
RIC1 306
Image
as IMP NERO CAESAR AVG GERM / PACE PR VBIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT (obv bust R) temple of Janus with closed doors, S C in field (arch R)
Sear 689 as " (bust R) " (but temple arch to L)
BM-231
as " (bust L) temple of Janus with closed doors (arch R)
RIC.304/6
BMC.226/7
WCN.284/8
as NERO CAESAR AVG GERM IMP / PACE P R TERRA MARIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT / S C Temple of Janus, door l.
Sear 690 as NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GERM PM TR P IMP PP / S C Victory flying L holding shield inscribed S P Q R
BMC 228
RIC 307
WCN 291
as NERO CAESAR AVG GERM IMP / PACE P R VBIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT Temple of Janus, door l., S C in field; also BMC 227, 232
Catalog Denom Inscription Reverse Type

The images are used by permission of their copyright owners. See the Coins of Rome about Parthia index page for a listing of these generous individuals, dealers and institutions.


This page last updated 22 Apr 2008

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Online since 28 March 1998
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