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Coins of Rome about Parthia:
Trajan (A.D. 98-117)

Marcus Ulpius Trojanus held several military posts before appointment as governor of Upper Germany by Nerve who later adopted him as the heir to the throne. On his succession, Trajan began a program of territorial expansion and conquered and incorporated Dacia as Roman province. He carried out a spectacular construction program in Rome, and he built or repaired many roads, bridges and aqueducts throughout the Empire. Late in his reign, four new provinces were added to the Empire but revolts broke out in number of provinces and he withdrew to Antioch.

A very interesting aureus is the REGNA AD SIGNATA reverse which probably refers to the confirmation of the rulers of Rome's Eastern client states, ca. 114 AD, in preparation for the conquest of Parthia

Trajan's Parthian campaign was a military victory, and there are several types with Victory that refer to this period. He took the title "Parthicus" that appears on other coins, but after Trajan's death in A.D. 117, Hadrian abandoned the new conquests as too difficult to hold. There are examples of coins believed minted in Rome for exclusive use in the East during the Parthian campaign. All are orichalum, and the entire issue consists primarily of dupondii, as and semis - the uncia are incredibly rare. In the fact that the series of coinage was minted in orichalum lies the interesting facet of these types.

TR P refers to the tribune power of the emperor, and indicates the year. It may appear on the obverse or reverse. Dating can also be done from consulships (COS) and imperatorial acclamations (IMP):

TR P COS V =
TR P COS VI = 1st Jan 112 - Aug 117 (died)
Trajan's Parthia coins are better dated by the Victory title Parthicus, taken during A.D. 116


Coins in the Name of Trajan

Click on coin catalog links to view images:

Catalog Denom Inscription Reverse Type

Trajan  A.D. 98-117

Image aureus IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GER DAC PARTHICO / REGNA AD SIGNATA Trajan and two officials seated on a platform addressing three Eastern kings stand. below
RIC2 326 aureus IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GER DAC / PARTHICO PM TR P COS VI PP SPQR radiate, draped bust of Sol R
RIC2 324
RSC2 185
BMC 603
Hill 751
C. 184
aureus IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GER DAC PARTHICO / PM TR P COS VI PP SPQR below trophy two captives, in front of each a bow in bow case; PARTHICA CAPTA in exergue
BMC 48 aureus DIVO TRAIANO PARTH AVG PATRI Phoenix stand. R
BMC 50 aureus DIVO TRAIANO PARTH AVG PATRI / PLOTINAE AVG Plotina bust dr. R
ANS
1990.23.4
1990.23.6
denarius
forgery
IMP CAES NER TRAIAN AVG OPTIM AVG GER DAC PARTHICO / PM TR P COS VI SPQR Mars stand. R holding spear in R and parazonium in L
Image denarius IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GER DAC / PARTHICO PM TR P COS VI PP SPQR Mars advancing R holding spear and trophy
RIC2 316
RIC2 316
(with aegis)
denarius IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GER DAC / PARTHICO PM TR P COS VI PP Fortuna seat. L, hand on rudder and cornucopia, FORT RED in exergue
RSC2 150 denarius IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GER DAC / PARTHICO PM TR P COS VI PP SPQR Fortuna seat. L, hand on rudder and cornucopia, FORT RED in exergue
RSC2 154g denarius IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GER DAC PARTHIC / PM TR P COS VI PP SPQR Fortuna seat. L, hand on rudder and cornucopia
BMC 599 denarius IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GER DAC PARTHICO / PM TR P COS V TR P SPQR Pax stand. L holding branch and cornucopiae
Image denarius IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GER DAC PARTHICO / PM TR P COS V TR P SPQR Providence stand. L holding scepter, globe at her feet, PRO VID in fields
RSC2 154d
BMC 602
denarius IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GER DAC PARTHICO / PM TR P COS VI PP SPQR Fortuna seat. L, hand on rudder and cornucopia; also RSC 154e, 154f
RSC 277
RSC 277
BMC 595
denarius IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GER DAC PARTHICO / PM TR P COS VI PP SPQR Genius or Bonus Eventus stand. L holding patera and corn ears; also RSC 277a & c and 280a & c
RSC 85
BMC 590
denarius IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GER DAC PARTHICO / PM TR P COS VI PP SPQR Mars advancing R holding transverse spear in R and trophy over L shoulder
BMC 607 denarius IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GER DAC PARTHICO / PM TR P COS VI PP SPQR Providentia stand. L pointing with R at large globe to L and holding vertical sceptre in L, L elbow resting on column; PRO AVG in exergue
BMC 592 denarius IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GER DAC PARTHICO / PM TR P COS VI P SPQR Sol bust rad. R
BM-600, C-272 denarius IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GER DAC PARTHICO / PM TR P COS VI PP SPQR Virtus stand. R, L foot on helmet, holding spear in R and parazonium in L
BMC 617 denarius IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GERM DAC / PARTHICO PM TR P COS VI PP SPQR Mars adv. R holding transverse spear in R and trophy over L shoulder
BMC 626 denarius IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GERM DAC / PARTHICO PM TR P COS VI PP SPQR Felicitas stand. L holding caduceus in R and cornucopiae in L
BMC 631 denarius IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GERM DAC / PARTHICO PM TR P COS VI PP SPQR Virtus stand. R, L foot on helmet, holding vertical spear reversed in R and parazonium in L
RIC2 315
RIC2 315
BMC 634
denarius IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GERM DAC / PARTHICO PM TR P COS VI PP SPQR Fortuna seat. L, hand on rudder and cornucopia, FORT RED in exergue
BMC 640
BMC 642
denarius IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GERM DAC / PARTHICO PM TR P COS VI PP SPQR Providentia stand. L pointing with R at large globe L and holding straight sceptre in L, L elbow resting on column, in exergue PRO VID
BMC 645 denarius IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GERM DAC / PARTHICO P M TR P COS VI P P S P Q R Salus dr. seated l. on throne feeding out of patera in r. snake coiled around altar and resting l. arm on throne, in exergue SALVS AVG
BMC 595
RIC 350
denarius IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIM AVG GER DAC PARTHICO / PM TR P COS VI PP SPQR Genius stand. L holding patera and ears of corn
BMC 590
RIC 340
denarius IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIM AVG GER DAC PARTHICO / PM TR P COS VI PP SPQR Mars adv. R holding trophy over shoulder in L and transverse spear in R
BMC not
RIC 357
denarius IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC / PARTHICO PM TR P COS VI PP SPQR Providentia draped stand. L holding sceptre in L; her L elbow rests on column and she points with R to globe at her feet pointing with R at large globe to L and holding vertical sceptre in L, L elbow resting on column; in exergue PRO AVG
Image denarius IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIM AVG GERM / PARTHICO PM TR P COS VI Aequitas stand. L, holding scales and cornucopia
RIC2 343
BMC 594
denarius IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIM AVG DAC PARTHICO / PM TR P COS VI PP SPQR Felicitas stand. L holding caduceus in R and cornucopiae in L
RSC2 150a denarius IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIM GERM DAC / PARTHICO PM TR P COS VI PP SPQR Fortuna seat. L, hand on rudder and cornucopia, FORT RED in exergue; also RSC2 150b
RIC2 332 denarius IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PM TR P / PARTHICO PM TR P COS VI PP SPQR Felicitas stand. L, holding palm and scepter
ANS
1949.98.55
denarius
AE forgery
IMP CAES NER TRAJANOIT AVG GERDAC PARIMICO / PARTHIA CAPTA obverse head laur. R
ANS
1941.15.86
denarius
AE forgery
/ PARTHICO PM TR P COS VI P P SPQR obverse head rad.
BMC 1033
RIC 642
BMC 1036
sestertius IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC PARTHICO PM TR P COS VI PP / ARMENIA ET MESOPOTAMIA IN POTESTATEM P R REDACTAE Trajan stand. front head R holding spear in R and parazonium in L; river gods (Tigris and Euphrates) to L and R; between them Armenia seated L as captive
RIC 663
BMC 1041
sestertius IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC PARTHICO PM TR P COS VI PP / PROVIDENTIA AVGVSTI S.P.Q.R. Providentia stand. l.,  holding wand over globe in r. hand, scepter in l., l. elbow resting on column;  S C
RIC2 667
RIC2 667
BMC 1046
sestertius IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC PARTHICO PM TR P COS VI PP / REX PARTHIS DATVS Praefect stand.,  Trajan seated L on on sella castrensis on platform  holding parazonium, placing diadem on king Parthamaspates stand L before Parthia kneeling; in exergue S C
RIC2 668 var sestertius IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC PARTHICO PM TR P COS VI PP / REX PARTHIS DATVS As above, but reverse legend is located in the exergue, not around outside. See this variant in Superb Patinas of the Sestertii of Imperial Rome (Elio Biaggi) and in Banti's I Grandi Bronzi Imperiali as Trajan 98
BMC 1041 sestertius IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC PARTHICO PM TR P COS VI PP / PROVIDENTIA AVGVSTI SPQR Providentia stand. L pointing at globe L holding sceptre
BMC 1050 dupondius IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC PARTHICO PM TR P COS VI PP / PROVIDENTIA AVGVSTI SPQR Providentia stand. L pointing at globe L holding sceptre
BMC 1052 dupondius IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC PARTHICO P M TR P COS VI P P / SENATVS POPVLVSQVEE ROMANVS Trajan stand. between trophies L and R
BMC 1054 dupondius IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC PARTHICO P M TR P COS VI P P / SENATVS POPVLVSQVE ROMANVS Trajan stand. between trophies L and R
RIC 645
RIC 649
BMC 1100
BMC 1101
semis IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GERM / DAC PARTHICO PM TR POT XX COS VI PP orichalum, struck in Rome for circulation exclusively in the East, probably during Trajan's Parthian campaign from A.D. 116; reverse inscription around oak wreath, large S C within. See RIC 644, 645, 646, 647, 648, 649, 650, 659 and 684
BMC 225
BMC 1055
RIC 681
as IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC PARTHICO P M TR P COS VI P P / SENATVS POPVLVSQVE ROMANVS two trophies, S C in exergue
RIC 647
RIC 647
RIC 647
Image
as IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GERM / DAC PARTHICO PM TR POT XX COS VI PP " [an orichalcum As, despite the radiate bust]. Legend around oak-wreath; large S C within
BMC 1093
BMC 1095
RIC 648
as IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GERM / DAC PARTHICO PM TR POT XX COS VI PP legend around S C within wreath
BMC 1090
BMC 1092
BMC 1094
as IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM PM / DAC PARTHICO PM TR POT XX COS VI PP legend around S C within wreath
Image (not in
RIC)
uncia smallest coin in this series; no legend except S C in wreath on reverse orichalum, struck in Rome for circulation exclusively in the East, inscription around oak wreath, large S C within
ANS
1996.70.1
drachm IMP CAES NER TRAIA OPTIM AVG GER DAC PART / ΔΙΚΤΥΝΝΑ / ΚΡΗΤ Diktynna seated L on rocks holding javelin (?) in R and infant Zeus in L; before and behind, Curetes (Crete)
D 988
M 807
drachm ΑΥΤ ΤΡΑΙΑΝ ΑΡΙ ΣΕΒ ΓΕΡΜ ΔΑΚΙΚ ΠΑΡ / Nilus reclining L
(Alexandria)
W 178 tetradrachm ΑΥΤΟΚΡ ΚΑΙΣ ΝΕΡ ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟΣ ΑΡΙ ΣΕΒ ΓΕΡΜ ΔΑΚ ΠΑΡΤΗ / ΔΕΜΑΡΧΗ ΕΞ 21 ΥΠΑΤ 6 Herakles head r., club over shoulder (Antioch?)
SGIC 1076var AE 26 ΑΥΤ ΚΑΙΣ ΝΕΡ ΤΡΑΙΑΝΟΣ ΑΡΙΣΤΟΣ ΣΕΒ ΓΕΡΜ ΔΑΚ ΠΑΡ / ΦΛ ΧΑΛ ΚΙΔΕΩΝ Α Chalcis. Reverse inscription in a laurel wreath
Catalog Denom Inscription Reverse Type

The images are used by permission of their copyright owners. See the Coins of Rome about Parthia index page for a listing of these generous individuals, dealers and institutions.


This page last updated 24 Sep 2012

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