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Bürcklein, August
Quellen und Chronologie der romisch-parthischen Feldzuge in den Jahren 713-718 d. St. (1879)
Berlin: Druck von W. Pormetter, 1879, 69 p.
Abstract: Vita. Inaug. Diss.--Leipzig. Microfilm. New York, N.Y., Columbia University Libraries, 1997.
Buschmann, Kai (et al.)
Östlicher Mittelmeerraum und Mesopotamien, von Antoninus Pius bis zum Ende des Parthischen Reiches (138-224 n. Chr.) = Eastern Mediterranean and Mesopotamia, from Antoninus Pius until the end of the Parthian Empire (128-224 A.D.) (1992)
Wiebaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, 1992
Abstract: Map, 1 sheet; 1:4000000
Butcher, Kevin
"A vast process: Rome, Parthia, and the formation of the eastern 'client' states" (1994)
Journal of Roman Archaeology, 1994, vol. 7, p. 447-453.
Abstract: Review of Near Eastern royalty and Rome, 100-30 BC, by R. D. Sullivan.
Buttrey, Theodore V., Jr.
"Phraates IV of Parthia" (1954)
Museum Notes, 1954, vol. 6, p. 95-109.
List of Numismatic Auction Catalogues and Fixed Price Lists (1996 ff.)
Abstract: The master listing of numismatic sales literature. As of 25 Oct 2009, c. 45,000 items.
This collection exists as a research tool. Its scope is universal, covering all areas and periods, and including sales not only of coins but of other numismatic materials: paper money, tokens, medals, decorations, balances and weights. Some individual non-numismatic (e.g. archaeological) sales are included when the main series is numismatic, but this variation is not consistent. We tend not to acquire two categories of material: unillustrated catalogues and lists, and those devoted exclusively to 19th and 20th-century coins -- although again some are included when they make part of a series of catalogues which also includes research material. [Prof. T.V. Buttrey]
Buy de Mornas, M. (Claude)
Royaume des Parthes (1761)
In: Atlas Methodique et Elementaire de Geographie et D’Histoire
Abstract: Size (including margins): 13” x 19 1/4” (33 cm x 49 cm)

General description: Regional map of Asia showing the ancient kingdoms located close to the Caspian Sea (Mare Caspium), in present day Iran, Azerbaijan, and Turkmenistan. Some of the kingdoms depicted include Iberia, Hircania, Parthia, Margiana, etc. Right and left margins with text in French with historical information about the ancient kingdoms of the region.
Atlas élémentaire de géographie ancienne (1768)
Abstract: Epoques anciennes depuis la mort d' Alexandre le Grand jusqu'à la destruction de Carthage
Caley, Earle R.
"Notes on the chemical composition of Parthian coins with special reference to the drachms of Orodes I" (1950)
The Ohio Journal of Science, 1950, vol. 50, no. 3 (May), p. 107-120.
Abstract: Paper presented in part at the meeting of the Ohio Academy of Science, Granville, Ohio, April, 1949.

Over a thousand ancient coins of Greek and Roman origin have been assayed or analyzed, but only a few Parthian coins have been so investigated. It might reasonably be expected, however, that the chemical investigation of the coins of the Parthian Empire would lead to results just as interesting as those that have been obtained from the chemical investigation of the coins of other ancient states. Indeed, in view of our total lack of ancient literary information concerning the coins of this great eastern empire, it might be expected that the results of the chemical investigation of such coins would lead to results of relatively greater interest. Furthermore, since the coins constitute the chief, and almost the only certain, archaeological remains of the Parthian Empire, any information that can be obtained from a chemical study of these coins will not only be a contribution to the obscure numismatic history of this empire but may be a contribution to its still more obscure economic history. This paper contains a summary of what little has been done in the past on this subject, the results of chemical analyses of some Parthian silver and bronze coins, and interpretations of some of these results.
Chemical Composition of Parthian Coins NNM 129 (1955)
In: Numismatic Notes and Monographs, No. 129
New York: American Numismatic Society, 1955, 104 p.
Abstract: 104 pages of text, including three of graphs.
Callataÿ, François de
Les tétradrachmes d'Orodès II et de Phraate IV : étude du rythme de leur production monétaire à la lumière d'une grande trouvaille (1994)
Paris: Studia Iranica, 1994, vol. 14, 96 p.
Abstract: This study of an exceptional collection of 430 tetradrachms of Orodes II (ca. 57-38 B.C.) and of Phraates IV (ca. 38-32 B.C.) allows, for the first time in Parthian numismatics, a die study. The case in point is all the more favorable as most of the Phraates IV issues are dated to the nearest month. 355 coins were struck in less than 5 years, from March of 27 to September of 23 B.C. The benefits of this situation are numerous: a new classification based on the chronology and no longer on types, a study of the frequency and volume of these issues, a comparison of this frequency with historical events as reported in written sources, a comparison of this frequency with other coinages of reference, a study of weights, etc. A particular attention has been paid to the iconographic details as well as to the forms of the letters. Finally, extensive supplementary material (292 specimens) gathered from museums and catalogues ensures the good representativeness of these 430 tetradrachms. [Author].

Preface by G. Le Rider. See review by Edward Dabrowa in Gnomon. Kritische Zeitschrift für die gesamte klassische Altertumswissenschaft - Bd. 70 (1998), Heft 4. - S. 369-370, review by A. D. H. Bivar in Bulletin of the Asia Institute, vol. 9 (1997); and review by Alan Walker in Swiss Numismatic Review, vol. 74 (1995), pp. 111-116.
"Abdissarès l'adiabénien" (1996)
Iraq, 1996, vol. 58, p. 135-142.
Callieri, Pierfrancesco
"Recenti acquizioni sulla cultura partica" (1981)
Cultura e scuola, 1981, vol. 77, p. 92-98.
"The North-West of the Indian subcontinent in the Indo-Greek period. The archaeological evidence" (1995)
In: Invernizzi, Antonio (ed.), In the Land of the Gryphons: Papers on Central Asian Archaeology in Antiquity; Monografie di Mesopotamia vol 5
Florence: Casa editrice italiana, 1995, p. 293-308.
"A proposito di un'iconographia monetale dei dinasti del Fars post-achemenide" (1998)
1998, vol. 6, p. 25-38.
"At the roots of the Sasanian royal imagery : the Persepolis graffiti" (2003)
In: Compareti, Matteo; Raffetta, Paola & Scarcia, Gianroberto (eds.), Eran ud Aneran, Webfestschrift Marshak 2003. Studies presented to Boris Ilich Marshak on occasion of his 70th birthday
Buenos Aires: Transoxiana, 2003
"Again on the Chronology of the Tall-e Takht at Pasargadae" (2004)
In: Parthia and beyond. Cultural interconnections in the classical period. Papers in honour of Gennadij A. Koselenko
Parthica, 2004, vol. 6
"India, Relations with Iran. IV. Political and Cultural Relations: Seleucid, Parthian, Sasanian Periods" (2004)
In: Yarshater, Ehsan (ed.), Encyclopædia Iranica Volume XIII: Fascicle 1
Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda, 2004, p. 13-16.
Abstract: Les relations culturelles entre le nord-ouest du sous-continent et l’Iran sont soumises aux relations politiques sans doute, pendant les périodes de domination entre autres, mais elles en sont souvent indépendantes, liées à l’origine ethnique des populations nouvelles, parfois aussi à la religion, malgré la diffusion du bouddhisme. Par ailleurs, l’influence iranisante affecte inégalement les régions (Afghanistan et Pakistan). Les relations commerciales maritimes sont à juste titre soulignées par l’auteur. Parmi d’autres mises au point utiles, l’A. rappelle que l’influence de l’architecture et de l’art achéménides sur les constructions princières du Nord-Ouest du sous-continent indien, et même plus loin à l’est, ne fut pas directe (des artistes de la cour perse, au chômage après Alexandre, émigrèrent en Inde) ; elle fut le résultat d’un goût partagé par les élites hellénisées des différentes régions de reprendre l’art aulique achéménide. [Rémy Boucharlat, Abstracta Iranica [En ligne], Volume 27, mis en ligne le : 2 janvier 2007. http://abstractairanica.revues.org/document5801.html]
Calligaro, T., Mossmann, A., Poirot, J-P. & Querre, G.
"Provenance study of rubies from a Parthian statuette by PIXE analysis" (1998)
In: Nuclear instruments & methods in physics research. Section B, Beam interactions with materials and atoms
Nuclear instruments & methods in physics research, 1998, vol. 136-138, no. March, p. 846-850.
Abstract: The aim of this work was the characterization of three red inlays of a Parthian statuette (3rd century B.C.) originating from Babylon, Mesopotamia. The external beam setup of AGLAE was used in order to determine the chemical composition of the inlays. PIXE analysis confirmed the expected nature of the cabochons: ruby, and not colored glass as previously reported. According to these results, this archaeological object contains one of the oldest rubies left today. Moreover, quantitative analysis of trace elements allowed us to infer the geographic origin of these gems. PIXE analyses of a batch of 57 rubies from nine well-known sources were carried out in order to establish a geochemical database. The use of multivariate statistical methods enables us to restrict the possible provenance to either Ceylon (Sri Lanka) or more likely Burma (Myanmar). [Author]

The statuette examined is located in the Louvre collection, AO 20127.
Cambon, Pierre
"Grecs, Parthes, Sassanides" (2000)
In: L'Asie des steppes : d'Alexandre le Grand à Gengis Khan
Paris: Réunion des musées nationaux, 2000
Abstract: Full title: L'Asie des steppes : d'Alexandre le Grand à Gengis Khan : Barcelone, Centre cultural de la Fundació "la Caixa", 22 septembre-31 décembre 2000 : Paris, Musée national des arts asiatiques-Guimet, 23 janvier-2 avril 2001 : Madrid, Sala de exposiciones de la Fundación "la Caixa", 25 avril-1er juillet 2001
Cameron, George G.
History of early Iran (1936)
Westport, CN: Greenwood Press, 1968, xvi+260 p.
Campbell, Brian
"War and diplomacy: Rome and Parthia, 31 BC-AD 235" (1993)
In: Rich, John & Shipley, Graham (eds.), War and Society in the Roman World (Leicester-Nottingham studies in ancient society, v. 5)
London: Routledge, 1995, p. 213-240.
Abstract: Companion to: War and society in the Greek world.
Campbell, Donald Brian
"What Happened at Hatra? The Problems of the Severan Siege Operations" (1986)
In: Freeman, P. W. M. & Kennedy, David (eds.), Defence of the Roman and Byzantine East: Proceedings of a Colloquium held at the University of Sheffield in April 1986, British Archaeological Reports S297, 2 vols., British Institute of Archaeology at Ankara, Monograph 8
Oxford: 1986, p. 51-58.
Campistron, Jean Galbert de
Tiridate : tragedie (1760)
Avignon: Chez Louis Chambeau, 1760, 40 p.
Cantineau, J. and Starcky, J.
Inventaire des inscriptions de Palmyre (1930-1933, 1949) (1930-1949)
Beyrouth: 1949
Caquot, A.
[Inscriptions of Hatra] (1963-1964)
Syria, 1963, vol. 40 & 41
Carradice, Ian & Price, Martin J.
Coinage in the Greek World (1988)
London: Seaby's Numismatic Publications, 1988, 154 p.
Abstract: A good general introduction to Greek coins. Plate 23 no. 287 is Arsaces I drachm and no. 288 is Phraates IV.
Carson, R. A. G. (ed.)
Mints, dies and currency: Essays dedicated to the memory of Albert Baldwin (1971)
London: Methuen, 1971, xv+336 p.
Abstract: 18 chapters by luminaries such as D.G. Sellwood, J.P.C. Kent, D.F. Allen, F. Elmore Jones, C.S.S. Lyon, Ian Stewart, W.A. Seaby, Charles A. Hersh. The topics range from Greek and Roman to Medieval topics and include politics on Parthian coins.
Cartwright, John
The preachers travels : wherein is set downe a true journall to the confines of the East Indies, through the great countries of Syria, Mesopotamia, Armenia, Media, Hircania, and Parthia (1611)
London: T. Thorppe, 1611
Abstract: By John Cartwright of Magdalen College, Oxford. Full title: The preachers trauels. [microform] Wherein is set downe a true iournall to the confines of the East Indies, through the great countreyes of Syria, Mesopotamia, Armenia, Media, Hircania and Parthia. With the authors returne by the way of Persia, Susiana, Assiria, Chaldæa, and Arabia. Containing a full suruew of the knigdom [sic] of Persia: and in what termes the Persian stands with the Great Turke at this day: also a true relation of Sir Anthonie Sherleys entertainment there: and the estate that his brother, M. Robert Sherley liued in after his departure for Christendome. With the description of a port in the Persian gulf, commodious for our East Indian merchants; and a briefe rehearsall of some grosse absudities [sic] in the Turkish Alcoran. Penned by I.C. sometimes student in Magdalen Colledge in Oxford. Printed for T. Thorppe and sold by W. Burre, 1611.
Cary, M.
The Geographic background of Greek and Roman history (1949)
Abstract: p. 177: 'It is possible that formerly an arm of the Oxus gave through communication by water from Bactria to the Caspian sea...'. p. 199: 'a direct connexion between the Oxus and the Caspian by way of the Uzboi channel has recently been re-established, and a similar passage may have existed in ancient times.' No reference or further support is given.
A history of the Greek world, from 323 to 146 B.C. (1972)
In: Series: Methuen's history of the Greek and Roman world, 3
London: Methuen, 1972, 2 ed.
Abstract: 2d rev. ed. reprinted with a new bibliography
Cassius Dio Cocceianus
Negotiations with Parthia in 30 B.C. (History, 51.18.1-3)
In: Dio's Roman History
Dio's Roman history / with an English translation by Earnest Cary, on the basis of the version of Herbert Baldwin Foster (1961)
In: The Loeb classical library. Greek authors (9 volumes)
Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1961
Abstract: Romaika. Covers the period from Parthia's first contact with Rome to the downfall of the Parthian empire. The work is invaluable, since it contains much not found elsewhere; but its accuracy must often be questioned, and portions of it are very fragmentary. The arrangements of these fragments, generally quotations from other authors, is not entirely satisfactory. In many cases they are much abridged -- a condition which leads to still further complications. For the period of the downfall of the Parthian empire, with which he was contemporary, the very brief statements of Dio have unusual value. [Debevoise (1938), p. xxviii]
Casson, Lionel (tr.)
Periplus Maris Erythraei : The Periplus Maris Erythraei : text with introduction, translation, and commentary by Lionel Casson (1989)
Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1989, xvii+320 p.
Caubet, Annie & Pierrat-Bonnefois, Geneviève
Faïences de l'antiquité : de l'Egypte à l'Iran (2005)
Paris: Musée du Louvre, 2005, 206 p.
Abstract: Catalog of the exhibition held at Musée du Louvre, Paris, June 10-Sept. 12, 2005

Cet ouvrage est le reflet de l'exposition consacrée aux objets archéologiques en faïence qui s'est tenue au Louvre l'été 2005. Plus qu'un catalogue d'exposition, éphémère par définition, il a l'ambition d'être un véritable livre de référence de cette technique de l'Antiquité qui a été utilisée pour des réalisations très colorées, vivantes et extrêmement séduisantes. Cet ouvrage traite en outre, pour les besoins de cette présentation, d'autres techniques et matériaux apparentés, faïence, glaçure, fritte, verre, céramique argileurse glaçurée, qui ont été élaborés pendant des millénaires par les ateliers d'Egypte et de Mésopotamie. [Publisher]
Cauer, F.
"Artabanos V (10) (Der letzte Partherkönig)"
In: RE II.1
p. 1296-1298.
"Artabanos II (6) (Nachfolger d. Mithridates II.)"
In: RE II.1
p. 1292-1293.
"Artabanos (4ff.) (Name mehrerer parth. Könige)"
In: RE II.1
1292 p.
"Artabanos I (5) (Nachfolger d. Phraates II.)"
In: RE II.1
1292 p.
"Arbakes (3)" (1895)
In: RE. Paulys Realencyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft. 3
1895, 406 p.
"Artabanos IV (9) (Auf Münzen)" (1895)
In: RE. Paulys Realencyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft. 3
1895, 1296 p.
"Artabanos III (7) (In orietal. Trad. Ardewân d. Gr.)" (1895)
In: RE. Paulys Realencyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft. 3
1895, p. 1293-1296.
"Artabanos (8) (Sohn v. Nr.7)" (1895)
In: RE. Paulys Realencyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft. 3
1895, 1296 p.
"Artabanos (5)" (1895)
In: RE. Paulys Realencyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft. 3
1895, 1292 p.
Cellerino, Alessandra
"Un recipiente in cristallo di rocca da Nisa Vecchia" (2003)
Parthica, 2003, vol. 5, p. 97-122.
"Vita quotidiana e usi funerari nella Mesopotamia seleucide e partica" (2007)
In: Invernizzi, Antonio (ed.), Sulla via di Alessandro da Seleucia al Gandhara (Catalog of the exhibition, Palazzo Madama, Torino, 27 Feb to 27 May 2007)
Torino: Edizioni Silvana Editoriale, 2007
Cerasetti, Barbara & Tosi, Maurizio
"Development of the 'open frontier' between Iran and Central Asia: the Murghab defensive systems in antiquity and the variants of the Silk Road across the Karakum" (2004)
In: Parthia and beyond. Cultural interconnections in the classical period. Papers in honour of Gennadij A. Koselenko
Parthica, 2004, vol. 6
Cereti, Carlo G.; Maggi, Mauro. & Provasi, Elio A. (eds.)
Religious Themes and Texts of pre-Islamic Iran and Central Asia. Studies in honour of Professor Gherardo Gnoli on the occasion of his 65th birthday on 6th December 2002 (2003)
In: Beiträge zur Iranistik, 24
Reichert, 2003
Chabot, J. B.
Choix d'inscriptions de Palmyre (1922)
Paris: 1922
Chapot, Victor
La frontière de l'Euphrate de Pompée à la conquête arabe (1907)
Paris: 1907
Bibliography - Page 11

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