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Bibliography Page 21

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Fukai, Shinji (continued)
"Kiriko soshoku ruritsubo - Gilan - shu shutsudo kiriko soshoku ruritsubo ni kansuru shiron" [A glass vase with facet decoration found in Gilan Province] (in Japanese) (1963)
In: Toyo bunka kenkyujo kiyo (Bulletin of the Institute of Oriental Culture), vol. 29
"Figurine zoömorphe en bronze de la période parthe" (en japonais) (1971)
In: Memoirs of the Institute of Oriental Culture, Tokyo, 1971, n. 53
Tokyo: 1971, p. 89-100.
"Parthian buckles recently excavated in Iran" (1972)
In: Summaries of Papers to be delivered at the Sixth International Congress of Iranian Art and Archaeology, Oxford, Sept. 1972
1972, 23 p.
Persian glass (translated by Edna B. Crawford with photographs by Bin Takahashi) (1977)
New York: Weatherhill, 1977, 66 p.
Abstract: A study of glass produced in ancient Persia during the Parthian-Sassanian period (249 BC-642 AD). Many examples beautifully illustrated in colour plates along with descriptions, dates and provenance. Fascinating evidence of the migration of this glass to China and Japan along the Silk Road. Discusses historical background and influences, the evolution of glassmaking techniques, art styles, designs and motifs, and the provenance of glass throughout Persian History, with major emphasis on the important Parthian and Sassanian dynasties (249 B.C.-A.D. 642). [Publisher]

Contents include Early Glass, The Partho-Sassanian Period, Shapes, Production Methods, Ornamental Techniques, Glass Vessels: Bowls, Vessels, Vases, Ornaments and other Objects.
Ceramics of ancient Persia (translated by Edna B. Crawford with photographs by Bin Takahashi) (1981)
New York: Weatherhill, 1981, 54 p.
Fuller, Michael & Bivar, A. D. H.
"A Parthian Document on Bone from Nineveh" (1998)
In: Studies in Honor of Vladimir A. Livshits
Bulletin of the Asia Institute, 1998, tome/ser. New, vol. 10, p. 30-31.
Abstract: An appendix to the article on "Parthian Ostraca from the Syrian Jazira".
"Parthian Ostraca from the Syrian Jazira" (1998)
In: Studies in Honor of Vladimir A. Livshits
Bulletin of the Asia Institute, 1998, tome/ser. New, vol. 10, p. 25-31.
Abstract: As an appendix, also includes: "A Parthian Document on Bone from Nineveh".
Fuller, Michael & Fuller, Neathery
"Romans and Parthians in the Khabur Valley of Syria" (1998)
In: Paper read before the National Meeting of the Archaeological Institute of America. Washington DC. 30 Dec. 1998.
Gabba, E.
"Sulle influenze reciproche degli ordinamenti militari dei Parti e dei Romani (1966)
In: Atti del convegno sul tema: La Persia e il mondo Greco-Romano, Roma 11-14 aprile 1965, Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei CCCLXIII, 1966, quaderni, 76, Anno 158
1966, vol. 76, p. 51-73.
Abstract: Reed. in Per la storia dell' esercito romano in eta imperiale, Bologna 1974.
"I Parti" (1991)
In: AA.VV, Storia di Roma, vol. II
Torino: Einaudi, 1991, vol. 2, p. 433-442.
Gabriel, Alfons
Die Erforschung Persiens (1952)
In: Die Entwicklung der abendländischen Kenntnis der Geographie
Vienna: 1952, 359 p.
Gabutti, A. & Mollo, P.
"The Italian Excavations in Old Nisa: the Northern Corner of the Round Hall Complex" (1996)
Mesopotamia, 1996, vol. 31, p. 127-143.
Abstract: also seen as pp.161-177.
Gafurov, B. G.
Tadjiki. Drevneishaia, drevniaia i srednevekovaia istoriia (1972)
Moscow: 1972
Abstract: See English translation (2005): Central Asia : Pre-Historic to Pre-Modern Times
Central Asia : Pre-Historic to Pre-Modern Times, vol. 1 (2005)
Delhi: Shipra, 2005, lxiv + 964 p.
Abstract: This work is the English version, published for the first time, of the second edition of the two-volume magnum opus of well-known Soviet Tajik Orientalist B.G. Gafurov, brought out in 1989 from Dushanbe in Russian language. The first Russian edition which was published in 1972 from Moscow was followed by Tajik and Persian (in Arabic script) editions as also in the polish language translated from Russian.

Though titled Tazhiki, Gafurov's work is, in fact, a well-researched comprehensive historical account of the march of the peoples (not just the Tajiks) living on the compact territory of Central Asia from times pre-historic to the threshold of the modern age. Creatively developing upon the foundations laid by outstanding Soviet scholars V.V. Bartold, A.A. Semenov and M.S. Andreev of the 20s and A.Lu.Yakubovskii of the 30s of the previous century, Gafurov's work makes use of a plethora of historical sources of the most varied character to work out on the basis of his own research on Tajik history, as also the researches by a host of Soviet scholars in the post-war period, an inter-disciplinary framework for understanding the history and culture of the closely linked Central Asian peoples bound by age old civilisational ties with India, Iran, Afghanistan, China and Russia.

Some of the problems analysed in the book are level of development of culture and economy of Central Asia, ties with the neighbouring countries the Aryan problem, cultural synthesis between Central Asian, Iranian, Indian and Hellenic cultures, chronology and culture of the Kushans, besides history and culture of Tokharistan and Sogd. The Marxist approach of the author is reflected in his emphasis on issues related to economic development and social transformation and the popular struggles against foreign invaders and indigenous oppressors and tyrants. [Publisher]
"Graeco-Bactria and Parthia in 3rd-2nd Centuries B.C." (2005)
In: Central Asia : Pre-Historic to Pre-Modern Times, vol. 1, part 1
Delhi: Shipra, 2005
Gagé, J.
La montée des Sassanides et l'heure de Palmyre (1964)
In: Le mémorial des siècles
Paris: 1964, 398 p.
Gaibov, Vassif
"Bullae from Göbekly-depe (Margiana). Bronze Age traditions in Parthian sphragistics" (1996)
In: Boussac, Marie-Françoise & Invernizzi, Antonio (eds.), Archives et Sceaux du Monde Hellénistique. Archivi e Sigilli nel Mondo Ellenistico. Torino, Villa Gualino, 13 - 16 Gennaio 1993
Paris: de Boccard, 1996, p. 385-393.
Gaibov, Vassif & Koshelenko, Gennadij A.
"La Margiane -- Asie centrale" (2002)
In: Boucharlat, Rémy (ed.), Les Parthes: l'histoire d'un empire méconnu, rival de Rome
Dossiers d'Archeologie, 2002, no. 271 (Mar), p. 46-53.
Abstract: La Margiane, située au nord-est de l'empire parthe, correspond au delta de la rivière Mourgab, qui se perd dans les sables du désert de Kara-Koum, et qu'on appelle aujourd'hui l'oasis de Merv. Cependant, comme en témoignent les sources écrites, le territoire de la Margiane historique était beaucoup plus étendu. Celui-ci comprenait non seulement l'oasis de Merv, mais également la vallée du cours moyen de la rivière Mourgab, dès son arrivée dans la plaine au sortir des montagnes du Khorassan turkmène. Strabon mentionne des montagnes dans sa description de la Margiane, ainsi que Pline l'Ancien, Ptolémée, Ammien Marcellin, Solinus, Marcien Capella. À l'époque médiévale, les auteurs perses et arabes estimaient que "la région de Merv" s'étendait au sud jusqu'aux montagnes. [Publisher]
"A horseman charging a foot-soldier: a new subject in Parthian glyptic art" (2008)
Parthica, 2008, vol. 10
Gaibov, Vassif (ed.)
"G. A. Koselenko's Bibliography" (2004)
In: Parthia and beyond. Cultural interconnections in the classical period. Papers in honour of Gennadij A. Koselenko
Parthica, 2004, vol. 6
Gaibov, Vassif, Koshelenko, Gennadij A. & Novikov, S.
"Chilburj" (1990)
Bulletin of the Asia Institute, 1990, tome/ser. New, vol. 4, p. 21-36.
Abstract: Chilburj excavations at the Merv Oasis in Turkmenistan. Illustrations include photos., plans, secns., reconst. dwgs., refs. Includes bibliographical references.
Gall, Hubertus von
"Beobachtungen zum arsakadischem Diadem und zur parthischen Bildkunst" (1969-1970)
Istanbuler Mitteilungen, 1970, vol. 19/20, p. 299-318.
"Entwicklung and Gestalt des Thrones im vorislamischen Iran" (1972)
Archäologische Mitteilungen aus Iran, 1972, tome/ser. New, vol. 5, p. 207-235.
"Relieffragment eines Elymaischen Konigs aus Masged-e Soleiman" (1980)
Iranica Antiqua, 1980, vol. 15, p. 241-251.
"The Figural Capitals at Taq-i Bustan and the Question of the so-Called Investiture in Parthian and Sasanian Art" (1990)
Journal of Silk Road Art and Archaeology, 1990, vol. 1
Das Reiterkampfbild in der iranischen und iranisch beeinflussten Kunst parthischer und sasidischer Zeit (1990)
In: Deutschen Archäologischen Institut Abteilung Teheran, Teheraner Forschungen 6
Berlin: Gebr. Mann, 1990, 113 p.
Abstract: See review by A. Invernizzi, Mesopotamia 27 (1992) 251-257.
"Architektur und Plastik unter den Parthern" (1996)
In: Wiesehöfer, Josef (ed.), Das Partherreich und seine Zeugnisse - The Arsacid Empire : Sources and Documentation. Beiträge des Internationalen Colloquiums, Eutin (27.-30. Juni 1996). Historia-Einzelschriften, 122
Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 1998, p. 75-94.
"Das Parthische Felsheiligtum von Tang-e Sarwak in der Elymais (Khuzestan)" (2000)
Archäologische Mitteilungen aus Iran, 2000, vol. 32, p. 319-359.
Abstract: Excellent bibliography and 25 black & white plates.
Gallas, Klaus
DuMont Kunstreiseführer Iran - Kulturstätten Persiens zwischen Wüsten, Steppen & Bergen (1978)
Köln: DuMont Buchverlag, 1978, 326 p.
Abstract: See chapter "Die Seleukiden und das Reich der Parther"
Galle, Sigmund A. S.
"Une Drachme inconnue d'Arsace Ier et la problème des monogrammes" (1982)
Iranica Antiqua, 1982, vol. 17, p. 175-180.
Abstract: A previously unpublished variant of a drachm of the Parthian king Arsaces I, in the Coin Cabinet at Brussels, is presented, with special attention drawn to its monogram M. The latter appears not to stand for the mint Mithridatkart. (P. Naster)

Galle has published a new drachm variant of Arsaces I (238-211 B.C.) [Houghton's dating], and has pointed out a possible discrepancy in Sellwood's interpretation of two reverse monograms as mintmarks of Mithradatkert. The author notes that archaeological exploration has dated the city's oldest remains to the late third or second century B.C., creating a strong likelihood that it was named for Mithradates I of Parthia (171-138 B.C.) [Houghton's dating], the only king of such name of that era. If such is the case, he reasons, the city could hardly have functioned as a mint for Arsaces I. [Houghton, "Syria and the East", 1986, pp. 193-194.]
"Quelques remarques sur le début du monnayage arsacide" (1984)
Revue Belge de Numismatique et de Sigillographie, 1984, vol. 130, p. 208-212.
Ganschow, Thomas
"Überlegungen zum Partherdenkmal von Ephesos" (1986)
Archäologische Anzeiger, 1986, no. 2, p. 209-221.
Abstract: Monuments and memorials--Turkey--Ephesus--Parthian Monument
Gardiner-Garden, John R.
Apollodorus of Artemita and the Central Asian Skythians (1987)
Bloomington, Indiana: Research Institute for Inner Asian Studies, 1987
Gardner, Percy
The Parthian coinage (with eight plates) (1877)
In: Numismata Orientalia
London: Trubner & Co., 1877, iv + 68 p.
Abstract: Contains outline of Parthian history (250 BCE-224 CE) and discussion of monetary standard. Traces development and types of coinage used by each of various Parthian rulers. Good handbook. "Mr. Gardner's work is distinguished from the publications of his illustrious predecessors by the excellence of its plates and its clearness of arrangement, and is also valuable for the sober judgment brought to bear upon the numismatic evidence, which, unfortunately, is seldom of a very satisfactory and decisive kind." [BMC Parthia, xiv] Kroh maintains that "this work is no longer very useful and many of the attributions are not in line with modern thinking." [Reviews, 45].
"New Coins from Bactria" (1879)
Numismatic Chronicle, 1879, vol. 19, p. 1-12.
Abstract: Information on coins of Andragoras, possible seleucid satrap defeated by Arsaces I.
"Coins from Central Asia" (1881)
Numismatic Chronicle, 1881, tome/ser. 3, vol. 1, p. 8-12.
Abstract: Information on coins of Andragoras, possible seleucid satrap defeated by Arsaces I.
"Early oriental coins" (1894)
In: Lane-Poole, Stanley (ed.), Coins and medals, their place in history and art; by the authors of the British museum official catalogues
London: E. Stock, 1894
Gardner, Percy & Malter, Joel L.
The coinage of Parthia by Percy Gardner. Introduction and supplementary catalog of a recent hoard by Joel L. Malter (1968)
San Diego, CA: Malter-Westerfield Pub. Co., 1968, 68 p.
Abstract: Reprint of the 1877 ed. published under title: The Parthian coinage, and issued as pt. 5 of The International numismata orientalia. Malter's introduction and discussion of a recent hoard have also been seen bound separately. Also included is "Parthian Drachms - A Concordance of Attributions" by David Sellwood. This is a two page chart which corrollates the Parthian issues as cataloged by Gardner, BMC, Petrowicz and Sellwood, as of 1968, with consideration for the then-recent 1968 discovery of the Iranian hoard of 200 Parthian coins and 600 issues of Alexander and Lysimachus. The hoard burial was dated c. 235 B.C. See review in The Numismatist vol. 84 (Mar, 1971), p. 364.
Gardner, Percy & Malter, Joel L. [M. Moshiri, (ed.)]
The coinage of Parthia by Percy Gardner. Introduction and supplementary catalog of a recent hoard by Joel L. Malter (1968)
Tehran: Iranian Numismatic Institute, 1981, 76 p.
Abstract: Reissue of the Malter 1968 reprint ed. but without Sellwood's concordance. Titled in Farsi, but ortherwise unedited and unchanged.
Gardthausen, V.
"Die Parther in griechisch-römischen Inschriften" (1906)
In: Orientalische Studien Th. Nöldeke zum 70sten Geb., Bd. 2
Giessen: 1906, p. 839-859.
Garg, Sanjay
"Coins collected by Charles Masson in Afghanistan" (1998)
In: Jha, Amal Kumar & Garg, Sanjay (eds.), Ex Moneta : Essays on Numismatics, History and Archaeology in honour of Dr. David W. MacDowall, vol. 2
New Delhi: Vedams Books International, 1998, p. 381-392.
Garibian de Vartavan, N.
"Les traditions dynastiques parthes et le siège patriarcal en Arménie au IVe-Ve siècles" (2006)
Bulletin of Parthian and Mixed Oriental Studies, 2006, vol. 1
Gariboldi, Andrea
"Astral Symbology on Iranian Coinage" (2004)
East and West, 2004, vol. 54, no. 1-4, p. 31-53.
"Royal Ideological Patterns between Seleucid and Parthian Coins: the Case of ‚Θεοπάτωρ’ [Theopator]" (2004)
In: Rollinger, Robert & Ulf, Christopher (eds.), Commerce and Monetary Systems in the Ancient World: Means of Transmission and Cultural Interaction. Proceedings of the Fifth Annual Symposium of the Assyrian and Babylonian Heritage Project Held in Innsbruck, Austria, October 3-8, 2002
Wiesbaden: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2004, p. 366-384.
Garsoïan, Nina G.
"Prolegomena to a study of the Iranian elements in Arsacid Armenia" (1985)
In: Armenia between Byzantium and the Sasanians
London: Variorum Reprints, 1985, p. 1-46.
Abstract: Originally published in Zeitschrift fur armenische Philogie 90 (1976), 177-234.
Armenia between Byzantium and the Sasanians (1985)
London: Variorum Reprints, 1985
Abstract: English and French
Garsoïan, Nina G. & Mahé, Jean-Pierre
Des Parthes au Califat : quatre leçons sur la formation de l'identité arménienne (1997)
In: Travaux et mémoires du Centre de recherche d'histoire et civilisation de Byzance. Monographies ; 10
Paris: de Boccard, 1997, 118 p.
Abstract: Lectures presented at the Collège de France, 1993.

Other titles Formation de l'identité arménienne
Garzetti, A.
La data dell'incontro all'Eufrate di Artabano III e L. Vitellio legato di Siria (1956)
In: Studi in onore di Aristide Calderini e Roberto Paribeni
Milano: 1956
Gasche, Hermann
"Abou Qoubour, une résidence Parthe près de Baghdad" (1999)
In: Boucharlat, Rémy (ed.), Empires Perses d'Alexandre aux Sassanides
Dossiers d'Archeologie, 1999, no. 243, p. 47-49.
Abstract: Printemps 1990. Quatre mois à peine avant l'intervention dramatique de l'Iraq dans le Golfe, la mission suisse achève sa 4e campagne de fouilles. Le site, Abou Qoubour, n'est pas loin de la capitale : une dizaine de kilomètres seulement le sépare des premiers faubourgs sud-ouest. Sous la couche de surface d'un secteur non exploré auparavant, on venait de reconnaître le plan pratiquement intact d'un bâtiment plutôt inattendu pour la région… et d'en commencer la fouille; mais, pour les raisons que l'on connaît, les travaux ne seront pas repris.
Bibliography - Page 21

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