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Hohfelder, Robert
Ancient Greek Coins from the collection of Burton Y. Berry (1972)
Indiana University Art Museum, 1972, 78 p.
Abstract: Has only one Parthian coin, a Volgases II tetradrachm.
 
Holder, P. A.
"Legio II Parthica in Italy in the reigns of Gordian III and Philip" (1994)
In: LCM 19.9/10
1994, p. 145-146.
 
Holland, L. B.
"Triple arch of Augustus" (1946)
American Journal of Archaeology, 1946, vol. 50, p. 52-59.
Abstract: Mr. Holland seeks in this article to resolve the problem created by the discrepancy between the literary and numismatic evidence for the erection in the Forum of two triumphal arches in honor of Augustus and the archaeological evidence furnished mainly by the foundations of a single triple arch between the temple of Divus Julius and that of Castor, with references to the recovery of the Roman standards lost at Carrhae.
 
Hollis, A. S.
"Statius' Young Parthian King (Thebaid 8.286-93)" (1994)
Greece & Rome, 1994, vol. 41, no. 2, p. 205-212.
Abstract: The writer examines the identity of the young Parthian king mentioned by Statius in Thebaid 8.286-93. He explains that in this passage, Statius compares Thiodamas, son of Melampus, to a young Parthian king who succeeds to the throne after his father's death. Using the evidence of Parthian silver tetradrachms dating from the later 70s and the 80s A.D., the period in which Thebaid was written, he suggests that the young king may be identified as Pacorus II, the younger son of Volagases I.
 
Hollis, Adrian; Mitchiner, Christopher & Mitchiner, Michael
"Two New Parthian Drachms" (2008)
Journal of the Oriental Numismatic Society, 2008, no. 195 (Spring), p. 4-5.
Abstract: Authors describe two silver drachms bearing Phraates name, apparently minted on campaign in an eastern area of Parthian empire. The conclusion is that they are coins of Phraates IV during his exile to the east and most probably were minted to pay the Scythian army that helped him regain the throne from Tiridates ca. 27 B.C.
 
Holwerda
Levensbericht van Jan Pieter Six (1902)
In: Reprinted from Jaarboek der Koninklijke Nederlandse akademie van wetenschappen, 1902
St. Petersburg: 1902, p. 43ff.
Abstract: Includes an account of the correspondence of J. P. Six and Dr. Marquardt, the orientalist, on the rearrangement of Parthian coins. -- Wroth [BMC Parthia, xv., footnote]
 
Homès-Frédéricq, Denyse
"A propos d'une statue 'parthe'" (1960)
Istanbul: 1960
 
Hatra et ses sculptures parthes; étude stylistique et iconographique (1963)
In: Uitgaven van het Nederlands historisch-archaeologisch instituut te Istanbul, vol. 15
Istanbul: 1963, 63 p.
 
Honigmann, E.
"Ktesiphon" (1924)
In: RE Suppl. IV
1924, p. 1102-1119.
 
Hood, John
"Chang Ch'ien's far-ranging diplomacy laid the groundwork for Han conquest -- and the link between East and West" (1996)
Military History, 1996, vol. 13, no. 1 (April)
Abstract: Mentions Chang's meeting with Mithradates II.
 
Hope, Thomas
Costume of the Ancients (1812)
In: 2 vols.
London: William Miller, 1812
Abstract: Thomas Hope's Costume of the Ancients was first published in 1809. A two-volume edition was published in 1812 by William Miller. Plates 13, 15b and 16 have Parthian costumes. Later editions are titled Costumes of the Greeks and Romans. Despite the narrower scope of the title, this is an unabridged republication of the 1812 edition of Costume of the Ancients.
 
Hopkins, Clark
"Aspects of Parthian Art in Light of Discoveries from Dura Europos" (1936)
Berytus, 1936, vol. 3, no. 1, p. 1-30.
 
"The Parthian Temple" (1942)
Berytus, 1942, vol. 7, p. 1-18.
 
Topography and architecture of Seleucia on the Tigris (1972)
Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1972
Abstract: On p. 2, discusses Parthian temple A at Seleucia on the Tigris site.
 
The Discovery of Dura-Europos (1979)
New Haven: Yale University Press, 1979
Abstract: The story of the campaigns surrounding the discoveries at Dura.
 
Hornbostel, Wilhelm
Aus Gräbern und Heiligtümern : die Antikensammlung Walter Kropatscheck (Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe Hamburg, 11. Juli-14. September 1980) (1980)
1980, xxii+279 p.
Abstract: Incl.: Tiergriff, parthisch, ca. 2. Jahrh. v. Chr., on page 275.
 
Horton, M. C.
"Early Maritime Trade and Settlement Along the Coasts of Eastern Africa" (1996)
In: Reade, J. E. (ed.), The Indian Ocean in Antiquity
London: Kegan Paul International, 1996, p. 439-459.
Abstract: Some Parthian and Sasanian coins were recovered in Zanzibar (Tanzania), p. 447.
 
Höschel, David (ed.)
Geographica Marciani Heracleotae, Scylacis Caryandensis, Artemidori Ephesii, Dicaearchi Messenii, Isidori Characeni. Omnia nunc primum, praeter Dicaearchi illa, ... edita. (1600)
Augsburg: 1600, 16+207 p.
Abstract: Printed in Greek letter throughout. In the original Greek, first edition of this collection of the works of the minor Greek geographers. The volume opens with a dedication to Johann Georg Herfurth von Hohenburg, councillor to the Duke of Bavaria. This is followed by letters to Höschel from Isaac Casaubon and Joseph Justus Scaliger respectively. After the texts proper follow the annotations by Höschel and the 'Schediasma' on Dicaearcus by Henri Estienne and others. The volume contains most of the surviving texts of Artemidorus of Ephesus (fl. around 100 B.C.). After studying in Alexandria, he travelled extensively and published the results of his investigations in a large work on general geography in eleven books. The original is lost. He attaches much importance to physical geography and to the indication of distances. This last feature was partly a reaction against astronomical geography, which he considers utopian. Dicaearchos of Messina (fl. in the second century) was a pupil of Aristotle and a friend of Theophrastus, to whom he dedicated the majority of his works. The fragments of his geographical treatises were first published in Geneva by Henri Estienne (1589). He estimates the length of the circumference of the earth at 300,000 stades. In measuring the height of mountains he possibly used a diopter. He also notes the influence of the sun upon the tides. Isidorus of Charax (fl. about the first century B.C.) wrote a 'Description of the World', of which only fragments survive. Of his 'Journey around Parthia', likewise only a fragment dealing with pearls and pearl-fishing survives. The text of his 'Parthian Stations' describes the itinerary of the caravan trail from Antioch to the borders of India. Marcianus of Heraclea (fl. c. A.D.400) wrote two geographical treatises, 'Periplus of the Outer Sea', in which he attempts a complete description of the coasts of the eastern and western oceans; and 'Periplus of the Inner Sea', which contains a description of the southern coasts of the Euxine from the Thracian Bosporus to the river Iris in Pontus. Only fragments of these works have survived. Scylax of Caryanda (fl. fifth century B.C.) wrote a sailor's handbook of places and distances around the coast of the Mediterranean and then along the Libyan coast as far as the Carthaginians traded (cf. A. Diller, The Tradition of the Minor Greek Geographers, Oxford, 1952, pp. 24, 51-52, no. Z25). Printed at the celebrated private humanist press, named after its address, "Ad Insigne Pinus" ("At the sign of the Pine Tree"). This press was set up by a group of Augsburg humanists, chief among whom was David Hoeschel (1556-1617), Librarian of the Bibliotheca Augustana, who had been the most famous pupil of Hieronymus Wolf. With the financial assistance of the wealthy member of the City Council, Marcus Welser (1558-1614), himself a scholar of renown, the press was active from 1594 to 1619, specialising in the production of original Greek and Latin texts, all based on unpublished manuscripts. The press's beautiful, clear and elegant Greek type has been identified with that of Robert Granjon: cf. the Fine Printing catalogue of the "Printing and the Mind of Man Exhibition," no.81, and Sandys II, 272. With inscription at the foot of title-page in the hand of the Italian historian Giuseppe Ripamonte (1573-1641) recording that the book was given to him by the Dutch scholar Erycius Puteanus (1574-1646), professor of eloquence in Milan. [VD 16, H-4096.]
 
Houghton, Arthur A.
"Syria and the East" (1986)
In: Price, Martin J. et al. (ed.), A Survey of numismatic research : 1978-1984, vol. 1. Ancient, medieval and modern numismatics
London: International Numismatic Commission, 1986, p. 180-200.
 
"A victory coin and the Parthian wars of Antiochus VII" (1986)
In: Proceedings of the 9th International Congress of Numismatics (1986), IAPN Publication #11
International Association of Professional Numismatists, 1986
 
Houghton, Arthur A. & Le Rider, Georges
"Un trésor de monnaies hellénistiques trouvé près de Suse" (1966)
Revue Numismatique, 1966, tome/ser. 6, vol. 8, p. 111-127.
Abstract: See also Pierre Strauss, "Un trésor de monnaies hellénistiques trouvé près de Suse (2e partie)", 1971.

A description is given of 176 coins, 149 of Seleucid kings, the others of Mithradates I, the Bactrian rulers and a few issues of Greek states. A uniface silver medallion of Artemis-Nanaia is also described. [J. R. Jones] See review by T. Fischer, Schweizer Münzblätter, no. 70 (May 1968), pp. 53-54.
 
Howar, Coleman
Iran and the Iranian Civilization (tr. to Persian by Hassan Anousheh) (2000)
2000, 3 ed., 309 p.
Abstract: Book is about Iran and Iranian civilization of four dynasties, the Medes, Achaemenids, Parthians and Sasanians. Iran's art, religions and country organization of each dynasty are discussed.
 
Howgego, Christopher J.
"Coinage and military finance: the Imperial bronze coinage of the Augustan East" (1982)
Numismatic Chronicle, 1982, vol. 142, p. 1-20.
Abstract: Two large bronze coinages (CA and SC) struck in the Empire's eastern half under Augustus are examined. The evidence for their mints' location is delineated; a new classification and chronology are proposed. These coinages were struck to meet military expenditure during hostilities with Parthia: the strategic role of the province of Asia during the third decade BC and the preparations for the second eastern expedition mounted in 1 BC are illuminated. [Author]
 
Howorth, H. H.
"The Initial Coinage of Parthia" (1890)
Numismatic Chronicle, 1890, tome/ser. 3, vol. 10, p. 33-41.
Abstract: See Warwick Wroth's "The earliest Parthian coins: a reply to Sir Henry H. Howorth," Num. Chron., 1905, p. 317-323.
 
"Some Notes on Coins Attributed to Parthia" [Part 1] (1905)
Numismatic Chronicle, 1905, tome/ser. 4, vol. 5, p. 209-246.
 
"Early Parthian and Armenian Coins" (1906)
Numismatic Chronicle, 1906, tome/ser. 4, vol. 6, p. 221-231.
 
"Some Notes on Coins Attributed to Parthia" [Part 2] (1907)
Numismatic Chronicle, 1907, tome/ser. 4, vol. 7, p. 125-144.
Abstract: Continuation from p. 246 of his 1905 Num Chron article, "Some Notes on Coins Attributed to Parthia"
 
Hoyland, Robert G.
Arabia and the Arabs : from the Bronze Age to the coming of Islam (2001)
New York: Routledge, 2001
 
Hrouda, Barthel & Trümpelmann, Leo
Iranische Denkmäler, Lieferung 7 C. Sarpol-i Zohab. Die Felsreliefs I-IV, Das Parthische Felsrelief (1976)
Berlin: 1976, 16 p.
 
Huan, Yu; Hill, John E. (tr.)
"The Peoples of the West" from the Weilue: A Chinese description of the West, including the Roman Empire (Da Qin) 239-265 A.D. ( 429 A.D.)
2004
Abstract: This translation has been made from the text of the Weilue as contained in the five volume Sanguozhi published by the New China Bookstore Publishing House, Beijing, 1975, zhuan 30: 858-863. I have also checked critical passages against other, earlier, editions. [Author]
 
Huart, Clément
La Perse antique et la civilisation iranienne (1925)
Paris: La Renaissance du Livre , 1925, 293 p.
 
Ancient Persia and Iranian civilization. [Translated by M. R. Dobie] (1927)
New York: Knopf, 1927
Abstract: Translation of La Perse antique et la civilisation iranienne
 
Huart, Clément & Delaporte, Louis
L'Iran antique; Élam et Perse et la civilisation iranienne (1943)
Paris: A. Michel, 1952, xxx+528 p.
Abstract: Un texte de qualité sur l'histoire de l'Iran (introduction, l'Iran avant l'immigration des Medes et des perses, de l'immigration des Medes et des perses a la conquête d'Alexandre, les Parthes Arsacides, les Sassanides)

Ouvrage bien illustre de 75 figures dans-le-texte, de 16 planches et de 3 cartes hors-texte
Edité par Editions Albin Michel, Paris, Collection l'Evolution de l'Humanite Dirigee par Henri Berr, 516 pages, 1943, complet.

Avec une postface et une bibliographie complémentaire de Paul Masson-Oursel.
 
Huber, Irene & Hartmann, Udo
'Denn ihrem Diktat vermochte der Koenig nicht zu widersprechen ...' Die Position der Frauen am Hof der Arsakiden (2006)
In: Panaino, Antonio & Piras, Andrea (eds.), Proceedings of the 5th Conference of the Societas Iranologica Europæa, Ravenna, 6-11 Oct 2003. Vol. I
Ancient & Middie Iranian Studies
Milano: 2006, 485–517 p.
Abstract: The paper discusses the evidence for women at the Parthian court from 2nd century BC to the 3rd century AD in Eastern and western sources (with a list of all known women and a stemma) and the picture of the life in the Parthian 'harem' in western Latin and Greek sources.
 
Huber, P. J.
Babylonian Eclipse Observations from 750 BC to 0 (1973)
1973
 
Hübschmann, Heinrich
Persische Studien (1895)
Strassburg: 1895
Abstract: This is one of the works which established the Persian soundlaws, which implies noting which Persian words are not Persian, but Parthian, since they do not conform by Persian sound laws.
 
Armenische Grammatik 1: Etymologie (1897)
Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, 1897
Abstract: Reprinted: Hildesheim etc. (Olms) 1992.
 
Huff, D.
Unpublished paper #42052, read at the Alma Ata Seminar [Almaty, Kazakhstan], 15-17 June 1991
In: The Silk Roads: Roads Of Dialogue, Volume I, Land Routes 1990-1992 (bibliographic database), "Relations between sedentary and nomadic cultures along the major Silk Roads", Alma Ata Seminar (15-17 June 1991)
Paris: UNESCO Publishing, 1991
Abstract: Trading along the Silk Roads obviously involved an administrative aspect. Referring to present-day practices, it would appear profitable to do some research into ancient techniques in this subject. Sealing with clay seals (developed from cuneiform writing on clay tablets) is an extremely ancient practice. The clay seal was commonly used in the Hellenistic world and in the Achaemenid period in Iran. Recent findings at Gebukhi have brought to light some Parthian materials which were very rare before this discovery. Sassanid materials are abundant. The interpretation of these seals is then discussed (label of origin, transit taxes, sender, recipient, etc.). The reader should refer to the Ibn Al-Balkli texts quoted (thirteenth century). It has been established that these seals, in most cases Sassanid, were attached to documents (parchment, papyrus, textile, etc.). -27- The author then analyses the lacing orifices piercing the seals. Two types of systems (A and B) are reviewed with a detailed explanation of their packaging technique or means of attachment to goods or the document which confirm or contradict the Ibn Al Balkli texts. At the end of the paper, the author mentions the possibilities of the existence of wax or even lead seals. [UNESCO bibliographic database]
 
Humann, C. & Puchstein, O.
Reisen in Kleinasien und Nordsyrien (1890)
Berlin: 1890
 
Humbach, Helmut
"Aramaeo-Iranian and Pahlavi" (1974)
In: Acta Iranica 2
1974, p. 237-243.
 
The Sassanian inscription of Paikuli / Helmut Humbach and Prods O. Skjœrvø (1978-)
Reichert, 1978
Abstract: Contents:
-- pt. 1. Humbach, H. Supplement to Herzfeld's Paikuli.
-- pt. 2. Synoptic tables.
-- pt. 3.1 Restored text and translation.
-- pt. 3.2 Commentary
 
"Die sogdischen Inschriftenfunde vom oberen Indus (Pakistan)" (1980)
In: Allgemeine und Vergleichende Archäologie. Beiträge 2
1980, p. 201-228.
 
"Arachosia in Ptolemy's GEOGRAPHY" (1994)
In: Convegno internazionale sul tema: La Persia e l'Asia centrale da Alessandro al X secolo / in collaborazione con l'Istituto italiano per il Medio ed Estremo Oriente (Roma, 9-12 novembre 1994). Atti dei Convegni Lincei, 127
Rome: Accademia nazionale dei Lincei, 1996, p. 165-169.
Abstract: Includes and discusses map reproduced from Italo RONCA, Ptolemaios, Geographie 6, 9-21, Ostiran und Zentralasien, Tabula III. (IsMEO, Rome: 1971).
 
Humbach, Helmut & Skjærvø, Prods Oktor
The Sassanian Inscription of Paikuli (1978-1983)
Wiesbaden: 1978
 
Humphreys, Eileen
The Royal road : a popular history of Iran (1991)
London: Scorpion Publishers, 1991, xv+279 p.
Abstract: A comprehensive history of Iran from the times of the Medes and Persians and the coming of Alexander the Great to the Parthian and Sasanians and the rise of Islam. The work goes up to the creation of an Islamic Republic in 1979. [Publisher]

See Chapter 4, The Roman Challenge, 250 BC-224 AD. pp. 73-94
 
Humphreys, Noel
Humphrey's Coin Collector's Manual (1880)
London: George Bell and Sons, 1880
Abstract: See chapter XII. The Coins of The Arsacidae Kings of Parthia, And Their Successors The Sassanidae, Who Established The Second Persian Empire

The 1887 edition has full title: "The Coin Collector’s Manual or Guide to the Numismatic Student in the formation of a Cabinet of Coins comprising an historical and critical account of the origin and progress of coinage from the earliest period to the fall of the Roman Empire with some account of the coinage of modern Europe more especially of Great Britain (1887) by Noel Humphreys. With 150 plus illustrations on wood and steel. 726 pages and 24 preliminary pages."
 
Hurley, Vic
The Parthian (1960)
New York: Fleet Pub. Corp, 1960, 448 p.
Abstract: Fiction: historical novel. "In all matters of history this book has attempted accuracy in its fictive representation of the dress, customs and institutions of the peoples presented. The accounts of the battles of Carrhae and Praaspa are in accordance with the historical results, and the disastrous invasion and rout of Marcus Antonius is depicted as it occured. The description of the Roman campaign against Otho was typical of the battles waged against the Germani along the Rhine frontier." [Publisher]
 
Arrows against steel : the history of the bow (1975)
New York: Mason/Charter, 1975, 238 p.
Abstract: Chapt 11, "The Parthians versus Rome" is emminently readable, but Hurley's use of Rawlinson and other outdated sources is a detractor.
Arrows against steel is the written history of the bow as a weapon of war. Few people realize the bow and arrow has been the greatest killer of men in history-greater than the machine gun, the cannon, and even the atomic bomb. It's use throughout history revolutionized warfare and taught the importance of both fire discipline and mobility. This book is the product of 40 years of research by Mr. Hurley. Some of the chapters in this book are the origins of the bow, types and modifications of bows, the arrow as a precision missile, the principles of war, the schools of war, the first appearances of the bow in war, the Persians: a study in retrogression, Macedonia: birth of the dragoons, the problem of mounted war, the testing of the theories of war as done by the Carthaginians, the Parthians, the Romans, and the Huns. The Byzantine abandonment of the bow, the bow in the crusades, the feudal knight: end of an era, the Mongol horse-archers, the English longbowmen,and the Plains Indian. The evaluation of the crossbow, longbow, and composite bow. The infantry archer-the tactical problems, and military tactics of modern war. [Publisher]
 
Hurter, Silvia (ed.)
Bulletin on Counterfeits (1976-2000)
IBSCC, 1976
Abstract: Issued quarterly since 1976. Each Bulletin contains 20 or more pages of illustrations of forgeries which are "making the rounds" (both ancient and modern). Written almost entirely in English, subscription is 30 Swiss Francs or $20 per year, and many back-issues are available at the same price. Contact Ruth Schaub, c/o Leu Numismatik, P.O. Box 4738, CH-8022 Zürich, Switzerland. For Parthian coins, see especially Volumes 1-8 (1976-1983), passim.

See the cumulative index (Vol 1 No. 1. 1976 thru Vol 9 No. 1. 1984) at http://lakdiva.org/coins/notes/iapn_ibscc.html
 
Bibliography - Page 29

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