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Jones, A. H. M.
The cities of the eastern Roman provinces. Revision by Michael Avi-Yonah [and others] (1937/1971)
Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1971
Abstract: Revision of the original 1937 text.
 
The Greek City from Alexander to Justinian (1940)
Oxford: 1940
 
Jones, Charles H. & Hamilton, Theodore F. (eds.)
Historical atlas of the world illustrated: giving histories and maps of all the countries in their geographical, statistical, and commercial aspects.... (1875)
Chicago: H. H. Hardesty, 1875, 87 p.
Abstract: Full title: Historical atlas of the world illustrated: giving histories and maps of all the countries in their geographical, statistical, and commercial aspects, together with a complete history of the original surveys of the United States, with a special map showing lands surveyed by Government /cConstructed by A. Keith Johnston, H. D. Rogers, Edw. Weller and other eminent geographers. Complied and editied [sic] by Charles H. Jones, assisted by Theodore F. Hamilton
For Parthia, see vol XVIII, Plate VII; details include divisions indicated by color of Macedonian Empire B.C. 323 and Parthian Empire and subject kingdoms B.C. 1.
 
Jones, Terry
Terry Jones' Barbarians (2006)
In: 4 episodes.
London: BBC
Abstract: Terry Jones' Barbarians is a 4-part TV documentary series first broadcast on BBC 2 in 2006. It was presented and written by ex-Python Terry Jones, challenging the received Roman and Roman Catholic notion of the barbarian. Professor Barry Cunliffe of the University of Oxford acted as consultant for the series.

The series was broadcast in four episodes, "The Primitive Celts", "The Savage Goths", "The Brainy Barbarians" [includes the Parthians and Sasanians] and "The End of the World".
 
Jones, Terry & Ereira, Alan
Terry Jones' Barbarians (2007)
London: BBC Books, 2007
Abstract: "In the Monty Python film Life of Brian, a member of the People's Front of Judea asks, "What have the Romans ever done for us?" (apart from, of course, the "sanitation, medicine, education, wine, public order, irrigation, roads, the fresh water system and public health"). The director of that movie—and now popular historian—Jones (Who Murdered Chaucer?), along with Ereira (The People's England), now answer the question: a bit, but nowhere near as much as the barbarians did. Jones attempts to overturn the popular conception of the glorious Roman Empire, which he says is mostly propaganda, and claims that the barbarians—a general term describing the tribes of western and northern Europe, as well as of the Middle East—have for too long been slandered as "savages" by the allegedly more advanced and civilized Romans and their descendants. In fact, these assorted Celts, Vandals, Persians and Goths were technologically, economically and intellectually sophisticated, but were on the wrong side of history. While scholars will sniff at Jones's offhand humor, somewhat wide-eyed "revelations"—which have been revealed before—and tendency to believe the vastly exaggerated death tolls of the time (he relies on Plutarch's figure that Julius Caesar slaughtered a million Gauls, a virtually impossible feat), readers will go along for a most enjoyable ride and appreciate his fascinating tale of the barbarians' lost world. 24 pages of color photos, maps. (Sept. 15) [Publishers Weekly]
 
Jong, Albert de
"A New Syrian Mithraic Tauroctony" (2000)
Bulletin of the Asia Institute, 2000, tome/ser. New, vol. 11
Abstract: A Mithraic relief recently acquired by the Israel Museum shows the god Mithras in the act of killing the bull. Mithras wears a Phrygian cap and Parthian-style clothing: a long-sleeved tunic with a short mantle fastened to his left shoulder and a pair of Parthian trousers or leggings. This costume is worn by Mithras only in Syria, where Parthian dress was popular among upper-class Syrians.
 
Josephus (Flavius Josephus)
The Works of Flavius Josephus, translated by William Whiston
Abstract: Includes Antiquities of the Jews, War of the Jews, The Life of Flavius Josephus - Autobiography, Josephus's Discourse to the Greeks concerning Hades and  Flavius Josephus Against Apion.
 
The Jewish war / Josephus ; with an English translation by H. St.J. Thackeray (1997)
In: Loeb classical library ; 487, etc.
Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1997
Abstract: Greek text and English translation on opposite pages. Contents:
--1. The life. Against Apion.
--2-3. The Jewish War.
--4-9. Jewish antiquities
"Of other classical sources, among the most valuable are the works of the Jew Josephus. Time after time from numismatic or written sources Josephus can be proved correct, even against such factually accurate writers as Tacitus. Passages in Josephus containing apparent errors can often be understood when considered as brief resumes which omit much not directly connected with the main thread of the narrative. Josephus utilized the works of another oriental, Nicolaus of Damascus; his first edition of the Jewish War was prepared for Jews living under the Parthian empire. Babylonian Jews were passing to and fro across the frontiers, and Josephus was probably able to correct and supplement his sources from them. Possibly the story of Anilaeus and Asinaeus represents such firsthand information" [Debevoise (1938), p. xxix]
 
Jouget, P.
L'imperialisme macedonien et l'hellenisation de l'orient (1926)
Paris: 1926
 
Julius Africanus
The Extant Writings of Julius Africanus
Abstract: See references to Parthia in III. "The Extant Fragments of the Five Books of the Chronography of Julius Africanus", Part 4, "On the Deluge"; and in Part 17, "On the Fortunes of Hyrcanus and Antigonus, and on Herod, Augustus, Antony, and Cleopatra, in abstract."

I. "The Epistle to Aristides; II. Narrative of Events Happening in Persia on the Birth of Christ" and "Events in Persia: On the Incarnation of Our Lord and God and Saviour Jesus Christ; III. The Extant Fragments of the Five Books of the Chronography of Julius Africanus; IV. The Passion of St. Symphorosa and Her Seven Sons. Appears on the href="http://www.sni.net/advent/index.html">New Advent Catholic Website
 
Julius Capitolinus
The Life of Antoninus Pius by Julius Capitolinus. Translated by David Magie, Ph. D., for the Loeb Classical Library (1921)
1921
Abstract: IX. ".... He appointed Pacorus king of the Lazi, induced the king of the Parthians to forego a campaign against the Armenians merely by writing him a letter, and solely by his personal influence brought Abgarus the king back from the regions of the East. He settled the pleas of several kings. The royal throne of the Parthians, which Trajan had captured, he refused to return when their king asked for it, and after hearing the dispute between Rhoemetalces and the imperial commissioner, sent the former back his kingdom of the Bosphorus...."
 
Junge, Julius
Saka-studien; der ferne nordosten im weitbild der antike (1939)
Leipzig: Dieterich, 1939, 15 p.
 
Junge, Peter Julius
"Parthia II A (Das Partherreich in hellenist. Zt.)" (mit Anm. von E. Kornemann)
In: RE XVIII.4
p. 1968-1986.
 
"Osroes (2): König der Parther; regierte von etwa 109/10 bis 128/29 n. Chr.; vgl. Art. Parthoi und Chosroes Nr. 1" (1942)
In: Paulys Realencyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft. (Sechsunddreißigster Halbband. Erstes Drittel)
1942, 1590 p.
 
"Osroes (3)" (1942)
In: RE 36,1
1942, p. 1590 ff.
 
"Osroes" (1942)
In: RE 36,1
1942, p. 1590 ff.
 
Junkelmann, Marcus
Die Reiter Roms. Vol. 3, Zubehör, Reitweise, Bewaffnung (1992)
In: Kulturgeschichte der Antiken Welt ; Bd. 45, 49, 53
Mainz am Rheim: Verlag Philipp von Zabern, 1992, p. 163, 169.
Abstract: Includes bibliographical references (v. 1, p. 266-278) and index

On p.163 and 169 Junkelmann mentions the Parthian period Yrzi bow as 'almost complete', 147 cm length and with a reconstructed draw-weight of 30 Kg. He does not directly quote a source, but has a very extensive bibliography.
 
Justi, Ferdinand
Iranisches Namenbuch (1895)
Olms: G. Hildesheim, 1963
Abstract: Reprografischer Nachdruck der Ausgabe Marburg 1895.
 
Justin (Marcus Junianus Justinus)
"A Roman description of the Parthians or later Persians" (1876)
In: Watson, John Selby (trans.), Justin's History of the World extracted from Trogus Pompeius, in Justin, Cornelius Nepos and Eutropius
London: George Bell and Sons, 1876, p. 272-283.
Abstract: Books XLI and XLII.
 
Epitome of the Philippic History of Pompeius Trogus ; translation by J.C. Yardley, with introduction and explanatory notes by R. Develin (1994)
In: American Philological Association, Classical Resources Series 3
Atlanta, CA: Scholars Press, 1994, xi+339 p.
Abstract: Unified title: Historiae Philippicae. Also includes translations of the Prologues to Trogus; stemma of several lines and an excellent English index. Does not include the original Latin texts. See the David Potter review in The Bryn Mawr Classical Review.
 
Kachatrjan
"Archaeological Research in Artaxata. Preliminary Report 2003-2004" (2005)
Parthica, 2005, vol. 7
 
Kahrstedt, Ulrich
Artabanos III und seine Erben (1950)
In: Dissertationes Bernenses, ser. 1, fasc. 2
Bern: A. Francke, 1950, 88 p.
Abstract: "C'est a tort que U. Kagrstedt, Artabanus und seine Erben, Bern, 1950, nomma ainsi ce souverain. En realite, il n'etait qu'Artaban II." (Wolski, "Points de Vue...", p 21.)

Two maps as endpieces: "Das Partherreich bei dem Tode Artabanos III i.J. 38 n. Chr." and "Das Partherreich, Hyrkanien und Persis um 60 n. Chr." See review: E. W. Gray, Journal of Roman Studies, Vol. 43, 1953 (1953) , pp. 164-165.
 
Kaim, Barbara
"Ancient fire temples in the light of the discovery At Mele Hairam" (2004)
Iranica Antiqua, 2004, vol. 39, p. 323-.
 
"The Parthian settlements in the Serakhs oasis" (2008)
Parthica, 2008, vol. 10
 
Kaizer, T.
"Nemesis Aglibol and Malakbel: a Note on a Relief from Khirbet Ramadan in the Palmyrene" (2001)
Parthica, 2001, vol. 3
 
Kambakhsh-Fard, S.
"New excavations and restorations in Kangavar" (1976)
In: Akten des VII. Internationalen Kongresses für Iranische Kunst und Archäologie : München, 7.-10. September 1976. Archäologische Mitteilungen aus Iran. Ergänzungsband 6
Berlin: D. Reimer, 1977, 293 p.
Abstract: Paper read at congress but not included in the Proceedings.
 
Parthian Pithos-Burials at Germi (Azarbaijan) (2005)
Teheran: 2005, 100 p.
Abstract: This is a book about Parthian Pithos-Burials at Germi (Azarbaijan), and contains pictures, details and perspective.
 
Kampman, A.
7000 Jaar Perzische Kunst (tentoonstelling in het Gemeentemuseum, Den Haag, 5 september - 19 november 1962) (1962)
Den Haag: 1962
 
Kapossy, Balázs
"Mittelasiatische Münzen im Bernischen historischen Museum. 1 Teil: Achaemeniden, Parther, Persis, Elymais" (1967-1968)
Jahrbuch des Bernischen Historischen Museums, 1971, vol. 47-48, p. 61-94.
Abstract: As part of the publication of the Middle Eastern coins in the Historical Museum of Bern, two Achaemenid and 811 Parthian coins, three issues of Persis and 102 of Elymais (Susiana) are published. [Hans Peter Isler]. See reviews by J. Hásková, Numismaticke Listy (Prague), vol. 20, nos. 5-6 (1970), p. 179; E. Tobler, Schweizer Münzblätter, vol. 22, no. 96 (May 1972), pp. 62-64; and C. Martin, Schweizer Münzblätter, vol. 22, no. 85 (Feb 1972), p.32.
 
"Konkordanz zum Katalog der parthischen Münzen in Bern" (1972)
Schweizer Münzblätter (Gazette Numismatique Suisse), 1972, vol. 22, no. 86 (May), p. 51-54.
Abstract: A concordance to Sellwood's catalog [1st ed., 1971] of the Parthian coins in the Bern Historical Museum.
 
Karno, Enoki
"On the So-called Sino-Karosthi Coins" (1965)
East and West, 1965, tome/ser. NS, vol. 15, no. 3-4, p. 231ff.
Abstract: "Indo-Parthian coins, struck by Arsakes Theos or Arsakes Dikaios have been linked with Gondophares and Azes II by Bartlett." ["Arsakes Theos and Dikaios", Num. Chron. 1963, pp. 33 ff]. Karno "...has given a survey of the various opinions regarding the coins, struck in Khotan in the Tarim basin, with Chinese and Kharosthi legends, which are generally connected with the early Kushana." [Guepin, "East Greek...", 1967, p. 83.]
 
Karrass-Klapproth, Margarete
Prosopographische Studien zur Geschichte des Partherreiches auf der Grundlage antiker literarischer Überlieferung (1988)
Bonn: In Kommission bei R. Habelt, 1988
Abstract: Originally presented as the author's thesis (doctoral)--Universität Münster. Includes bibliographical references (p. 289-313).
 
Karvonen-Kannas, Kerttu
The Seleucid and Parthian terracotta figurines from Babylon : in the Iraq Museum, the British Museum, and the Louvre (1995)
In: Series: Monografie di Mesopotamia vol 4
Florence: Casa Editrice Le Lettere, 1995, 228 p.
Abstract: The dissertation is on the terracotta figurines of Seleucid and Parthian Babylon, which form the most important archaeological finds of the period in both Babylon and other parts of central and southern Mesopotamia. The material consists of Babylon figurines in the collections of the Iraq Museum, the British Museum and the Louvre. Comparisons are also made with figurines from these collections with provenance in other localities, as well as the material of the Vorderasiatisches Museum of Berlin and the Seleucid material of the Centro di Scavi of Turin. All the figurines of this study have been analysed and parallels have been sought for them. A typology and relative chronology were constructed for them with reference to style. There are analyses of products of the same workshops and of the distribution of figurines. The role of Iranian, western and traditional Mesopotamian influences in coroplastic art is discussed. The study also focuses on phenomena typical of figurine production at the time: the shift from double-mould to single-mould technique and related aspects of technique and artistic content. The results suggest that the renaissance of coroplastic art in Babylon did not occur until the Parthian period when several new western themes and techniques were adopted. It also appears that western coroplasts arrived in Babylon along with other settlers. There is little evidence of a uniform development of coroplastic art from the Seleucid to the Parthian period. The core area of Parthian art is not to be found in Babylon. In their typical forms, Parthian sculpture and painting developed under various influences, of which the western element is not as pronounced as in the Babylon figurines.

See review: P. Negro, Rivista di Archeologia, Epigrafia e Storia Orientale Antica 31 (1996), pp. 274-276.
 
Kaskia, Antti (director)
Hatra (videorecording: 25 minutes) (1980)
In: The Anthony Roland Collection of Films on Art
1980
Abstract: Also available in Finnish. 25 minutes. Color. Recommended audience age range 14-adult

"Hatra is a fortress-like town in the barren desert area in north-west Iraq, between Mosul and Samarra. The Hatra era lasted from about 400 BC to AD 300, and was at its height during the first century AD. Although the earliest phases of its history remain unknown, it can perhaps be considered the most important monument of the ancient Mesopotamian cultures. It was a major staging-post on the famous oriental silk road and its prosperity was based on the international caravan traffic. The center of Hatra consists of a group of temples. The most important is the temple dedicated to the Shamash or sun god; other heavenly bodies had temples of their own. The group of temples has been partly restored and exemplifies the unique Hatran architecture: an elegant combination of eastern and western influences. Excavations of Hatra have only just started. The town itself has not been uncovered yet but we are able to see the temples, the tombs, the wall and the remains of towers. Impressive examples of Greek-influenced Hatran art, with its statues of kings and all kinds of smaller items, can be admired at the National Museum of Iraq." [Author]
 
Kawami, Trudy S.
"Parthian brick vaults in Mesopotamia, their antecedents and descendants" (1982)
Journal of the Ancient Near Eastern Society of Columbia University, 1982, vol. 14, p. 61-67.
 
Monumental Art of the Parthian Period in Iran (1983)
Columbia University: 1983, 483 p.
Abstract: Columbia University. The art of the Parthian period in Iran is characterized by regionalism reflecting the politics of the time. The rock reliefs and stone sculptures discussed are concentrated in the west and southwestern areas of the country; virtually no monumental works are known from eastern Iran. The sculptures attributable to the Arsacid dynasty which nominally ruled Iran are distinguished by naturalistic style, technical expertise, and often by classical imagery. The more numerous pieces associated with the virtually independent regional rulers demonstrate a lively local iconography reflecting influences from Syria to northwest India, but are less accomplished technically. These regional works are further subdivided on the basis of stylistic and iconographic details. [Author]
 
Monumental Art of the Parthian Period in Iran (1987)
In: Acta Iranica : 3. sér., Textes et mémoires ; v. 13 Acta Iranica 26
Liège: Centre international d'études indo-iraniennes, 1987
Abstract: Reviews: A. Invernizzi, Mesopotamia 24 (1989) 205-212; Frye, R.N., Journal of the American Oriental Society, vol. 110, 4 (Oct-Dec 1990), pp. 772-773; Carol A. Bromberg, Bulletin of the Asia Institute 5 [New Series] (1991 [1992]).
 
"Wit and Wine: A New Look at Ancient Iranian Ceramics from the Arthur M. Sackler Foundation" (1992)
New York: Arthur M. Sackler Foundation, 1992
 
"Archaeological evidence for textiles in Pre-Islamic Iran" (1992)
Iranian Studies, 1992, vol. 25, no. 1-2, p. 7-18.
 
Kawami, Trudy S., Becker, Lawrence & Koestler, Robert
Kuh-e Khwaja, Iran, and Its Wall Paintings: The Records of Ernst Herzfeld (1987)
Metropolitan Museum Journal, 1987, vol. 22, p. 13-52.
 
Keall, Edward J.
"Qal'eh-i Yazdigird. A Sasanian Palace Stronghold in Persian Kurdistan" (1967)
Iran, 1967, vol. 5, p. 99-121.
 
The significance of Late Parthian Nippur (1970)
1970, 206 p.
Abstract: Dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (History of Art) in the University of Michigan, 1970. University Microfilms Order No. 7115196.
 
"Partho-Sassanian Archaeology, A New Phase" (1971)
Expedition, 1971, vol. 13, p. 55-61.
 
"Reflections on Qal'eh-i Yazdigird" (1972)
In: Excavations in Iran; the British Contribution
Oxford: 1972, p. 46-47.
 
"Some thoughts on the early Eyvan" (1972)
In: Summaries of Papers to be delivered at the Sixth International Congress of Iranian Art and Archaeology, Oxford, Sept. 1972
1972, p. 45-46.
 
"Some thoughts on the early eyvan" (1974)
In: Kouymjian, Dickran K. (ed.), Near Eastern Numismatics, Iconography, Epigraphy, and History: Studies in Honor of George C. Miles
Beirut: American University of Beirut, 1974, p. 123-130.
Abstract: Discussion of the Parthian four-eyvan floor plan and its transmission to Islamic architecture.
 
"Parthian Nippur and Vologases' Southern Strategy: An Hypothesis" (1975)
Journal of the American Oriental Society, 1975, vol. 95, no. 4 (Oct-Dec), p. 620-632.
Abstract: In this paper dealing with the history of Nippur, in Mesopotamia, Keall includes some remarks on the changing silver fineness of Parthian tetradrachms and drachms between c. 120 B.C. and A.D. 200.

A discussion of the history of Nippur in the Parthian era includes remarks on the silver fineness of Parthian drachms and tetradrachms, with two figures showing changes over the years. [Michael L. Bates]
 
"Osroes: Rebel King or Royal Delegate?" (1975)
Cornucopiae, 1975, vol. 3, no. 2 (May), p. 17-32.
Abstract: The Parthian coins found by the Oriental Institute of Chicago at the ancient site of Nippur in southern Iraq are published. The hypothesis is advanced that Osroes (A.D. 109-128) did not act in concert with Trajan, but against Rome in defense of his suzerain, Vologases III. [W. G. Burleigh]
 
"Qal'eh-i Yazdigird" (1976)
Iran, 1976, vol. 14, p. 161-164.
 
Bibliography - Page 32

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