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Weiskopf, Michael
"The Kuh Dasht Hoard and first century B.C. Parthia" (1981)
American Journal of Archaeology, 1981, vol. 85, no. 2, p. 222.
Abstract: Short paper presented at the 82nd General Meeting of the Archaeological Institute of Americs. See Weiskopf, Michael (1981): "The Kuh Dasht Hoard and the Parthian 'Dark Age' " ANS Museum Notes 26 (1981), pp. 125-152. Abstract:

A hoard of first century B.C. Parthian drachms found in western Iran provides important archaeological and historical evidence for a period of Iranian history only partίally illuminated by indigenous and foreign literary sources. Although the assignation of some coinages to specific kings must still be carried out with a degree of uncertainty, the hoard evidence permits us to draw a more precise portrait of the political climate within Parthia.

The importance of pretenders mentioned in Babylonian documents can be downplayed: there is no coinage in the hoard to be assigned to them. Examples of coins which bear what may be dates provide additional evidence for co-regencies of father and son during the time of Sinatruces and Phraates III. The coinage of Phraates III is indicative of internal stability, and markings on the reverse of that coinage point to a possible expansion of minting activitΙes in the western sectors of the empire. Because of the hoard's composition the coinages assigned to Mithradates III and Orodes II can now be arranged with certaίnty. As a result, one achieves a better understanding of the role coinage played as propaganda during the civil war between these two sons of Phraates III.

The conclusions drawn from the Kuh Dasht hoard are complemented by the previous analysis of Nancy Waggoner (in Miles Studies), and the recent work of Otto Μørkholm (NC 1980), who independently reached similar conclusions based in part on hoard evidence from northern Iran. [Author]

See review, American Journal of Archaeology 85, p.222.
 
"The Kuh Dasht Hoard and the Parthian 'Dark Age' " (1981)
Museum Notes, 1981, vol. 26, p. 125-152.
Abstract: A hoard of first century B.C. Parthian drachms found in western Iran provides important archaeological and historical evidence for a period of Iranian history only partially illuminated by indigenous and foreign literary sources. Although the attribution of some coinages to specific kings must still be carried out with a degree of uncertainty, the hoard evidence permits us to draw a more precise portrait of the political climate within Parthia. The importance of pretenders mentioned in Babylonian documents can be downplayed: there is no coinage in the hoard that can be assigned to them. Examples of coins bearing what may be dates provide additional evidence for co-regencies of father and son during the time of Sinatruces and Phraates III. The coinage of Phraates III is indicative of internal stability. Because of the hoard's composition the coinages assigned to Mithradates III and Orodes II can now be arranged with certainty. As a result, one achieves a better understanding of the role coinage played as propaganda during the civil war between the two sons of Phraates III. [Author]
 
Weissbach, F. H.
Die Keilinschriften der Achämeniden (1911)
Leipzig: 1911
Abstract: Behistun inscription in section 35.
 
Weitzmann, K.
"Three Bactrian Silver Vessels with Illustrations from Euripides" (1943)
Art Bulletin, 1943, vol. 25, p. 289ff.
 
Welles, C. B.
"Letter of Artaban III, King of Parthia, to Seleucia on the Eulaeus (Susa), validating the election of the city treasurer. Audnaeus 17, A.D. 21" (1934)
In: Royal Correspondence in the Hellenistic Period: A Study in Greek Epigraphy
New Haven: 1934, p. 299-306.
 
Welles, C. B., Fink, R. O., Gilliam, J. F. & Henning, W. B.
The parchments and papyri (1959)
In: Excavations at Dura Europos. Final report 5 ; part 1
New Haven: 1959
Abstract: With an account of the three Iranian fragments by W. B. Henning. Excavations at Dura-Europos conducted by Yale University and the French Academy of Inscriptions and Letters. Text no. 153 is Parthian.
 
Wenke, Robert J.
Imperial investments and agricultural developments in Parthian and Sassanian Khuzestan, 150 B.C. to A.D. 640 (1975)
1975, p. 437.
Abstract: University of Michigan dissertation. Published in Mesopotamia, Vols. 10-11, pp. 31-221.
 
Imperial investments and agricultural developments in Parthian and Sassanian Khuzestan, 150 B.C. to A.D. 640 (1975-1976)
Mesopotamia, 1976, vol. 10-11, p. 31-221.
Abstract: University of Michigan dissertation. Includes 61 maps.
 
"Elymeans, Parthians, and the Evolution of Empires in Southwestern Iran" (1981)
Journal of the American Oriental Society, 1981, vol. 101, no. 3 (Jul-Sep), p. 303-315.
Abstract: Recent archaeological and numismatic evidence from Southwest Iran and adjacent areas has illuminated some of the complex cultural changes underway in this region during the Parthian period (c. 210 B. C.-c. A. D. 220). The evidence is still sketchy, but it appears that this period witnessed fundamental changes in settlement patterns, economic structures, and administrative systems-changes that were integral to the formation of the first highly centralized, "bureau-cratic" empires during the Sasanian and Early Islamic eras.
 
"Western Iran in the Partho-Sasanian Period: The Imperial Transformation" (1987)
In: Hole, Frank (ed.), The Archaeology of Western Iran, Settlement and Society from Prehistory to the Islamic Conquest
Washington, DC: 1987, p. 251-281.
 
West, E. W.
"Sassanian Inscriptions Explained by the Pahlavi of the Parsis" (1869)
Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, 1870, tome/ser. New, vol. 4 part 2, p. 44.
Abstract: Read March 15, 1869.
 
Westermark, Ulla
The collection of His late Majesty King Gustaf VI Adolf ; The Fred Forbat Collection (1974)
In: Sylloge nummorum Graecorum. Sweden ; 1
Kungel: Vitterhets-, historie- och antikvitetsakademien, 1974, 49 p.
Abstract: Photography by Nils Lagergren. Contains Parthian coins in the Forbat collection, nos. 520, 521.
 
Wetzel, Friedrich; Schmidt, Erich F. & Mallwitz, Alfred
Das Babylon der Spätzeit (1957)
In: Wissenschaftliche Veröffentlichungen der Deutschen Orientgesellschaft
Berlin: Gebr. Mann, 1957
 
Wheeler, Everett L.
"Roman Treaties with Parthia: Voelkerrecht or Power Politics?" (2000)
In: Paper presented at The XVIIIth International Congress of Roman Frontier Studies held 1-12 Sep 2000 in Amman, Jordan.
2000
 
Wheeler, M.
Les influences romaines au-delà des frontières impériales (1960)
In: Civilisations d'hier et d'aujourd'hui
Paris: 1960, 238 p.
 
Wheeler, R. E. M.
Rome Beyond the Imperial Frontiers (1954)
London: 1954
 
White, L. Michael
"Hatra" (1997)
In: Meyers, Eric M. (ed.), Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East, vol. 2
Oxford: 1997, 484 p.
 
Whitehead, R. B.
The pre-Mohammedan coinage of Northwestern India (1922)
In: Numismatic notes and monographs, No. 13
New York: American Numismatic Society, 1922, 56 p.
 
Wickevoort Crommelin, Bernard R. van
"Die Parther und die parthische Geschichte bei Pompeius Trogus-Iustin" (1996)
In: Wiesehöfer, Josef (ed.), Das Partherreich und seine Zeugnisse - The Arsacid Empire : Sources and Documentation. Beiträge des Internationalen Colloquiums, Eutin (27.-30. Juni 1996). Historia-Einzelschriften, 122
Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 1998, p. 259-277.
 
Widemann, François
"Contremarques du monnayage indo-grec" (1977)
Quaderni Ticinesi, 1977, vol. 6, p. 99-105.
Abstract: Graeco-Bactrian, Parthian and Indo-Parthian issues were countermarked from the second century B.C. to the second century A.D. The chronological classification of the countermarks is difficult, but one is suggested. Three hitherto unknown countermarks are preserved. [Sara Sorda]
 
"Scarcity of Precious Metals and Relative Chronology of Indo-Greek and Related Coinages (1st century B.C. - 1st century A.D.)" (2000)
In: Taddei, M. & De Marco, Giuseppe (eds.), Proceedings of the Fourteenth International Conference of the European Association of South Asian Archaeologists, Serie Orientale Roma XC, vol. 2
Rome: Istituto italiano per il Medio ed Estremo Oriente, 2000, p. 1-17.
 
"Scarcity of Precious Metals and Relative Chronology of Indo-Greek and Related Coinages, 1st Century BC-1st Century AD" (2000)
East and West, 2000, vol. 50, p. 227-258.
Abstract: Postulates a crisis shortage of silver throughout Iran and Afghanistan, Pakistan, and North India in the last decades B.C., when the dates on the Parthian tetradrachms of Seleucia and local civic issues allow us to know for certain that all the Seleucia mints were closed down from 23 to 2 B.C., and when bronze and billon replaced silver as the standard metal of coinage in Central and Southern Asia.
 
Widengren, Geo
"Recherches sur le féodalisme iranien" (1956)
Orientalia Suecana, 1956, vol. 5, p. 79-182.
 
"Some remarks on riding costumes and articles of dress among Iranian peoples in Aniquity" (1956)
Studia Ethnographica Upsaliensia, 1956, vol. 11, p. 228-276.
 
"Quelques rapports entre Juifs et Iraniens a l'Epoque des Parthes" (1957)
In: Supplement to Vetus Testamentum IV
1957, p. 197 ff.
 
Iranisch-semitische Kulturbegegnung in parthischer Zeit (1960)
In: Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Forschung des Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen. Veroffentlichungen. Geisteswissenschaften ; Heft 70.
Köln: Westdeutscher Verlag, 1960, 162 p.
Abstract: Summary in English and French.
 
Die Religionen Irans (1965)
In: Religionen der Menschheit ; Bd.14
Stuttgart: W. Kohlhammer, 1965, xv+393 p.
Abstract: See also the French translation, Les religions de l'lran, traduit de l'allemand par L. Jospin (Paris, Payot, 1968)
 
Der Feudalismus im alten Iran. Männerbund, Gefolgswesen, Feudalismus in der iranischen Gesellschaft im Hinblick auf die indogermanischen Verhältnisse (1969)
In: Wissenschaftliche Abhandlungen der Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Forschung des Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen, Bd. 40
Köln und Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag, 1969, 175 p.
 
"The Establishment of the Sasanian Dynasty in the Light of the New Evidence" (1971)
In: La Persia nel Medioevo
Rome: Accademia nazionale dei Lincei, 1971, vol. Quaderno 160, p. 711-782.
 
"Iran, der grosse Gegner Roms: Königsgewalt, Feudalismus, Militärwesen" (1976)
Aufstieg und Nidergang der römischen Welt, 1976, vol. 2, no. 9.1, p. 219-306.
 
Wiesehöfer, Josef
"Die Anfänge sassanidischer Westpolitik and der Untergang Hatras" (1982)
Klio, 1982, p. 437-447.
 
"Iran from Arsaces I to Artabanus IV : The Parthian Reign" (1993)
In: Wiesehöfer, Josef (ed.), Ancient Persia: from 550 BC to 650 AD (translated by Azizeh Azodi)
London: I.B. Tauris, 1996, p. 117-143.
Abstract: Part 3 of the English translation of Das antike Persien : von 550 v. Chr. bis 650 n. Chr (1993).
 
Ancient Persia: from 550 BC to 650 AD (translated by Azizeh Azodi) (1993)
London: I.B. Tauris, 1996, 426 p.
Abstract: English translation of Das antike Persien : von 550 v. Chr. bis 650 n. Chr (1993). A comprehensive survey illustrated with Photographs. Josef Wiesehofer, one of the most respected scholars of the ancient world, provides here a comprehensive survey of the Persian Empire under the Achaemenids, the Parthians and the Sasanians. By focusing on the indigenous sources - written, archaeological and numismatic evidence from Persia - he avoids the traditional Western approach which has tended to rely so heavily on foreign and sometimes prejudiced Greek or Roman sources. Part of the freshness of this book comes from its presentation of a historical discussion of pre-Islamic Persia from a Near Eastern perspective.
 
Die 'dunklen Jahrhunderte' der Persis : Untersuchungen zu Geschichte und Kultur von Fars in frühhellenistischer Zeit (330-140 v. Chr.) (1994)
In: Zetemata ; Monographien zur klassischen Altertumswissenschaft, Heft 90
München: C. H. Beck'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1994
Abstract: Studies on the history and culture of Fars in the early Hellenistic period (330-140 B.C.). See review by A. Shapur Shahbazi, Bulletin of the Asia Institute, 9, 1994, pp. 270-272.
 
"King of Kings" and "Philhellên" : Kingship in Arsacid Iran (1994)
In: Bilde, Per, Engberg-Pedersen, T., Hannestad, L.; and Zahle, J. (eds.), Aspects of Hellenistic Kingship
Aarhus: Aarhus University Press, 1996, p. 55-66.
Abstract: Papers from the fourth international working seminar of the Danish interdisciplinary research project on the Hellenistic period, held January 1994 on the subject of 'Hellenistic kingship--the royal "parousia": royal power and its symbolic manifestations'--Cf. Introd., p. [9]
 
"Discordia et Defectio-Dynamis kai Pithanourgia: Die frühen Seleukiden und Iran" (1994)
In: Bernd Funck (ed.), Hellenismus : Beiträge zur Erforschung von Akkulturation und politischer Ordnung in den Staaten des hellenistischen Zeitalters : Akten des Internationalen Hellenismus-Kolloquiums, 9.-14. März 1994 in Berlin
Tübingen: J.C.B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck), 1996, p. 29-56.
 
"Zeugnisse zur Geschichte und Kultur der Persis unter den Parthern" (1996)
In: Wiesehöfer, Josef (ed.), Das Partherreich und seine Zeugnisse - The Arsacid Empire : Sources and Documentation. Beiträge des Internationalen Colloquiums, Eutin (27.-30. Juni 1996). Historia-Einzelschriften, 122
Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 1998, p. 425-434.
 
"Denn Orodes war der griechischen Sprache und Literatur nicht unkundig..." (1998)
In: Parther, Griechen und griechische Kultur. Festschrift fur P. Calmeyer
In press, 1998
Abstract: Cited as in press by Edward Dabrowa, "Philhellen : Mithradate Ier et les Grecs" (1998)
 
Das frühe Persien (1999)
München: Beck, 1999
 
"Fārs II. History in the Pre-Islamic Period" (1999)
In: Yarshater, Ehsan (ed.), Encyclopaedia Iranica, vol. 9
1999, p. 333-334.
 
"Fan Ye. Chinesischer Autor einer Dynastiegeschichte mit Informationen über das Partherreich" (2000)
In: Cancik, Hubert & Schneider, Helmuth (eds.), Der Neue Pauly. Enzyklopädie der Antike. Altertum. Bd. IV. Epo - Gro.
Stuttgart: Verlag J. B. Metzler, 2000, p. 423-424.
 
"Die 'Sklaven des Kaisers' und der Kopf des Crassus. Römische Bilder des Ostens und parthische Bilder des Westens in augusteischer Zeit" (2002)
In: Freeman, Philip; Bennett, Julian; Zbigniew, T.; & Hoffmann, Birgitta (eds.), Limes XVIII. Proceedings of the XVIIIth International Congress of Roman Frontier Studies held in Amman, Jordan (September 2000), Bd. 1
Oxford: 2002, p. 293-300.
 
"Communicators between East and West: The Parthians" (2004)
In: Stoellner, Thomas; Slotta, Rainer & Vatandoust, Abdolrasool (eds.), Persiens Antike Pracht. Deutsches Bergbau-Museum Bochum: Germany (28 November 2004 bis 29 Mai 2005)
2004, p. 408-415.
 
Iraniens, Grecs et Romains (2005)
Paris: Studia Iranica, 2005, vol. 32, 155 p.
Abstract: See abstract: Rémy Boucharlat, Abstracta Iranica [En ligne], Volume 28, mis en ligne le : 18 septembre 2007. URL http://abstractairanica.revues.org/document14482.html
 
Fars under the Seleucids and the Parthians (2007)
In: Curtis, Vesta Sarkhosh & Stewart, Sarah (eds.), Age of the Parthians. Series: Idea of Iran, vol. 2
London: I.B. Tauris, 2007
 
Wiesehöfer, Josef (ed.)
Das Partherreich und seine Zeugnisse - The Arsacid Empire : Sources and Documentation (1996)
In: Historia. Einzelschriften ; Heft 122
Beiträge des internationalen Colloquiums, Eutin (27-30 Jun 1996)
Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 1998
Abstract: Articles in English and German.
See review: Carol Altman Bromberg, BAI 13.
Contents:
Vorwort des Herausgebers 7
Archäologische Zeugnisse zum Partherreich
Marek J. Olbrycht, Die Kultur der Steppengebiete und die Beziehungen zwischen Nomaden und der seßhaften Bevolkerung (Der arsakidische Iran und die Nomadenvölker) 11
Antonio Invemizzi, Parthian Nisa. New Lines of Research 45
Vesta S. Curtis, The Parthian Costume and Headdress 61
Hubertus von Gall, Architektur und Plastik unter den Parthern 75
Rolf Michael Schneider, Die Faszination des Feindes: Bilder der Parther und des Orients in Rom 95
(Schriftliche) Zeugnisse aus Iran und Mesopotamien
Almut Hintze, The Avesta in the Parthian Period 147
Rüdiger Schmitt, Parthische Sprach- und Namenüberlieferung aus arsakidischer Zeit 163
Robartus J. van der Spek, Cuneiform Documents on Parthian History: The Rahimesu Archive. Materials for the Study of the Standard of Living 205
Die Überlieferung des griechisch-römischen Westens
Bernard van Wickevoort Crommelin, Die Parther und die parthische Geschichte bei Pompeius Trogus-Iustin 259
Jan Willem Drijvers, Strabo on Parthia and the Parthians 279
Norbert Ehrhardt, Parther und parthische Geschichte bei Tacitus 295
Tessa Rajak, The Parthians in Josephus 309
Die armenische und chinesische Überlieferung
Erich Kettenhofen, Die Arsakiden in den armenischen Quellen 325
Walter Posch, Chinesische Quellen zu den Parthem 355
Numismatische Zeugnisse der Parther und Indo-Parther
Michael Alram, Stand und Aufgaben der arsakidischen Numismatik 365
Osmund Bopearachchi, Indo-Parthians 389
Zeugnisse zu parthischen Reichsteilen und Plätzen
Monika Schuol, Die Zeugnisse zur Geschichte und Kultur der parthischen Charakene 407
Edward Dabrowa, Zeugnisse zur Geschichte der parthischen Elymais und Susiane 417
Josef Wiesehöfer, Zeugnisse zur Geschichte und Kultur der Persis unter den Parthern 425
Martin Schottky, Quellen zur Geschichte von Media Atropatene und Hyrkanien in parthischer Zeit 435
Fergus Millar, Dura-Europos under Parthian Rule 473
Stefan R. Hauser, Hatra und das Konigreich der Araber 493
Amélie Kuhrt, Concluding Remarks 529
Liste der Teilnehmer bzw. Autoren 535
Indices
Stellenregister 539
Namenindex 551
Sachindex 566
 
Wiesner
Histoire de l'Art : Orient ancien (1970)
1970, 208 p.
 
Wigram, W. A.
The Assyrians and their Neighbours (1929)
London: G. Bell & Sons, 1929, xvi+247 p.
Abstract: Contents: National Stocks in Mesopotamia; The Parthian Period; The Assyrians under the Sassanid Kings; Life under the Abbassid Khalifs; The Age of the Seljuk Turks; Mongol Rule; Tamerland, and the Coming of the Ottoman; Under Ottoman Rule; Assyrian Customs; The Great War, and After.
 
Wikander, Stig
Der arisch Männerbund (1938)
Lund: 1938
 
Bibliography - Page 67

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