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Gotarzes II (c. A.D. 40 - 51)

ΓΩΤΑΡΖΗΣ or ΓΩΤΕΡΖΗΣ

Click here to view the inscriptions on this king's coins.

See the genealogy chart.

See the article, "Identifying Look-alike Parthian Drachms : Differentiating the Drachms of Artabanus II (c. A.D. 10 - 38), Gotarzes II (c. A.D. 40 - 51) and Artabanus III (c. A.D. 80 - 90)."


Coins Attributed to Gotarzes II

The attributions and cataloging of Parthian coins used throughout this web site follow David Sellwood's An Introduction to the Coinage of Parthia (1980, 2nd edition) for consistency. The few exceptions to this policy are explained here.

Click on coin images to enlarge:

Sellwood Type 65

ObverseGotarzes II (c. A.D. 40 - 51)
AR Tetradrachm, 14.2 g, 28 mm, die axis = 12h
Mint/ Seleucia, A.D. 43/44
Additional images/ [large obv] [large rev]
Obv/ bare-headed bust left with long, somewhat pointed beard; diadem with loop at the top and three ends. Lock of hair representing royal wart on forehead; border of dots
Rev/ king seated right on throne; Tyche standing left before him, presenting diadem and holding cornucopiae. Greek inscription ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩ[Σ] ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩ[Ν] / ΑΡΣ[ΑΚΟΥ] ΕΥΕΡΓ[ΕΤΟΥ] / [ΔΙΚΑΙΟΥ] / ΕΠΙΦΑ[ΝΟΥΣ] ΦΙΛΕΛΛΗ[ΝΟΣ]. Inscription on left read from outside. Between the heads of Tyche and the king Greek numeral ΕΝΤ, year 355 of the Seleucid era (A.D. 43/44). Outer line of inscription at bottom, which is read from outside and carries month, is off flan.
Photo/ by permission Thomas K. Mallon, The Coins and History of Asia
- Sellwood 65.2 var. (same year date)

ObverseGotarzes II (c. A.D. 40 - 51)
AR Tetradrachm, 14.71 g
Mint/ Seleucia, 45/46 A.D.
Additional images/ [large obv] [large rev]
Obv/ bare-headed bust left with long, somewhat pointed beard; diadem with loop at the top and three ends. Lock of hair representing royal wart on forehead; border of dots
Rev/ king seated right on throne; Tyche standing left before him, presenting diadem and holding cornucopiae. Greek inscription [ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΝ] / ΑΡΣΑ[ΚΟΥ] ΕΥΕΡΓΕ[ΤΟΥ] / ΔΙΚΑΙΟΥ / ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟ[ΥΣ ΦΙΛΕ]ΛΛΗΝ[ΟΣ]. Inscription on left read from outside. Between the heads of Tyche and the king Greek numeral ΖΝΤ, year 357 of the Seleucid era (A.D. 45/46). Outer line of inscription at bottom, which is read from outside and carries month, is partially off flan, probably reads [Π]ΑΝΗ[ΜΟΥ] (June, A.D. 46).
Photo/ by permission Classical Numismatic Group
- Sellwood 65.4? (same year date, and probably month)

PDC 24336Gotarzes II (c. A.D. 40 - 51)
AR Tetradrachm, 14.46 g
Mint/ Seleucia,  A.D. 48/49
Obv/ as above
Rev/ king seated right on throne; Tyche standing left before him, presenting diadem and holding cornucopiae;  Greek inscription [ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΝ] / [Α]ΡΣΑΚΟ[Υ] [ΕΥΕΡ]ΓΕΤΟ[Υ] / ΔΙΚΑΙΟΥ / [Ε]ΠΙΦΑΝΟ[ΥΣ] [ΦΙΛΕΛΛΗΝΟΣ]. Inscription on left read from outside, with second line almost entirely off flan. Between the heads of Tyche and the king, Greek numeral ΞΤ, year 360 of the Seleucid era (A.D. 48/49). Outer line of inscription at the bottom is read from outside and gives the month as ΓΡ ΕΜΒΟ (ΓΟΡΠΙΑΙΟΣ ΕΜΒΟΛΙΜΟΣ, Gorpiaios Embolimos), where Gamma-Rho is given as Monogram 29, similar to the one on Sellwood's type 63.5 tetradrachm of Artabanus II. This is a rare and important coin as its date may be a key to understanding calendar usage by the Parthians
Photo/ by Chris Hopkins
- Sellwood 65.23 var.

PDC 3434Gotarzes II (c. A.D. 40 - 51)
AR Tetradrachm, 14.40 g
Mint/ Seleucia,  A.D. 49/50
Additional images/ [obv & rev]
Obv/ as above
Rev/ king seated right on throne; Tyche standing left before him, presenting diadem and holding cornucopiae;  Greek inscription [ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΝ] / [ΑΡΣΑΚΟΥ Ε]ΥΕΡΓΕΤΟ[Υ] / ΔΙΚΑΙΟΥ / [Ε]ΠΙΦΑΝ[ΟΥΣ ΦΙΛΕΛΛΗΝΟΣ]. Inscription on left read from outside, with second line almost entirely off flan. Between the heads of Tyche and the king, Greek numeral ΑΞΤ, year 361 of the Seleucid era (A.D. 49/50). Outer line of inscription at the bottom usually gives the month but is partially off flan
Photo/ by permission Harlan J. Berk, Ltd.
- Sellwood 65.25-27 var.

ObverseGotarzes II (c. A.D. 40 - 51)
AR Drachm, 3.66 g, 20 mm, die axis = 12h
Mint/ Ecbatana, undated
Obv/ bare-headed bust left with medium to long, square cut beard; diadem with loop at the top and three ends; royal wart on forehead (not visible because of wear)
Rev/ archer seated right on throne holding bow. Greek legend. Monogram below bow
Photo/ by permission Thomas K. Mallon, The Coins and History of Asia
- Sellwood 65.33
- Shore 364

ObverseGotarzes II (c. A.D. 40 - 51)
AR Drachm
Mint/ Ecbatana, undated
Additional images/ [large obv & rev]
Obv/ bare-headed bust left, long rectangular beard, earring visible; diadem with loop at the top and three ends; royal wart on forehead
Rev/ beardless archer, seated right on throne; in right hand, bow; Greek inscription ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΝ / ΑΡΣΑΚΟ[Υ] / ΕΥΕΡΓΕΤΟ[Υ] ΔΙΚΑΙΟΥ / [Ε]ΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ€ [ΦΙ]ΛΕΛΛΗ[ΝΟΣ], legend on left read from outside; monogram 26 below bow
Photo/ by permission Smithsonian Institution, National Numismatic Collection
- Sellwood 65.33

PDC 5802Gotarzes II (c. A.D. 40 - 51)
AE Drachm
Mint/ Mithradatkart, undated
Obv/ bare-headed bust left, beard square not rounded; royal wart a straight line on forehead; hair in three waves but not puffed out; in front star above crescent
Rev/ beardless archer, seated right on throne; in right hand, bow; Greek inscription mostly pellets; variant of monogram 28 below bow, another monogram behind throne
Photo/ by permission Rian Thum
- Sellwood 65.36

PDC 5597Gotarzes II (c. A.D. 40 - 51)
AE Drachm, 17 mm
Mint/ Mithradatkart, undated
Obv/ bare-headed bust left, beard square not rounded; royal wart a straight line on forehead; hair in three waves but not puffed out; in front star above crescent
Rev/ beardless archer, seated right on throne; in right hand, bow; Greek inscription mostly pellets; variant of monogram 28 below bow, another monogram behind throne
Photo/ by permission Alexander Akin
- Sellwood 65.36

Sellwood Type 66

PDC 20481Gotarzes II (c. A.D. 40 - 51)
AR Tetradrachm, 12.57
Mint/ Seleucia, June, A.D. 44
Obv/ bare-headed bust left with long, somewhat pointed beard; diadem with loop at the top and two pendants. Lock of hair representing royal wart on forehead, Γ behind; border of dots
Rev/ king seated right on throne; Tyche standing left before him, presenting diadem and holding cornucopia. Greek inscription: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΝ ΦΙΛΕΛΛΗΝΟΣ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ ΔΙΚΑΙΟΣ ΕΥΕΡΓΕΤΟΥ ΓΩΤΑΡΖΟΥ. Inscription on left read from outside. Between the heads of Tyche and the king Greek numeral ΖΝΤ, year 357 of the Seleucid era (A.D. 43/44). In exergue, ΠΑΝΗ.
Photo/ Wroth, Catalog of Parthian Coins in the British Museum (1903); plate 26, 13
- Sellwood 66.2
- BMC Parthia, p.162, 10 (Gotarzes) (this coin)
- Gardner, p. 49; pl. v, 18 (this coin)

PDC 20912Gotarzes II (c. A.D. 40 - 51)
AR Drachm, 3.58
Mint/ Ecbatana, undated
Obv/ bare-headed bust left with long rectangular beard; diadem with loop at the top and three ends; (royal wart on forehead not visible because of wear)
Rev/ archer seated right on throne holding bow. Greek legend: ΒΑΣΛΙΕΩΣ ΒΑΣΛΙΕΩΝ ΑΡΣΑΝΟΙ ΥΟΣΚΕΚΑΛ ΟΥΜΕΝΟΣΑ ΡΤΑΒΑΝΟΥ ΓΩΤΕΡΖΗΣ. Monogram below bow
Note/ reverse double-struck
Photo/ by permission, Dr. Busso Peus Auktion 376, Lot 726
- Sellwood 66.4

This page last updated 16 Dec 2009

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