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Attribution Correlation Chart
for Parthian Coins

by Edward C. D. Hopkins
Chart Version 1.7, 14 Feb 2005

Other than the ubiquitous patronymic Arsaces, founder of the dynasty, very few Parthian coins bear the personal name of the king. Correct identification of Parthian coins is difficult because historians, archaeologists and numismatists often disagree on the history, sequence and even names of the kings used for attributions. Thus their books and catalogs present differing kings and dates for identical coins. This chart compares the attributions used by several principal authorities. The baseline is David Sellwood's An Introduction to the Coinage of Parthia (1980, 2nd edition), whose type numbers appear in the leftmost column.

The attributions and cataloging used throughout this web site follow Sellwood (1980) for consistency with a few exceptions: Sellwood defined an additional seven types in "New Parthian Coin Types," (Num. Chron., 1989, vol. 149, pp. 162-168, Plate 42); corrected the attribution of type 89.4 from Artabanus IV to Tiridates III in "The End of the Parthian Dynasty" (Spink Numismatic Circular 98, 1990, p. 157); described two Vonones I  gold coin types in "Parthian Gold Coins" (XIth International Numismatic Congress, pp. 295-298); and published two previously unknown types in "The 'Victory' Drachms of Phraates IV," American Journal of Numismatics, Second Series 7-8 (1995-1996), pp. 75-81; these are included, unnumbered, in the Sellwood type listing. The attributions of the Sellwood types, including the unnumbered additions, are consistent with the genealogy chart.

The Shore, Sear and Mitchiner catalogs are fully correlated with the Sellwood types; that is, every Parthian coin number from those catalogs appears in this table; a row with no Sellwood type number was created where Sellwood does not contain the type. Additionally, Shore, Sear and Mitchiner cross-referenced some Wroth, Gardner, Petrowicz and De Morgan coins, and those references have been included along with additional references I have found. If their attribution to a king differs from Sellwood (and thus the genealogy chart), it is listed in parentheses.

The Sellwood 1971 (obsolete 1st edition) types are referenced in the rightmost column. At first glance, types 1 to 91 in Sellwood 1971 appear the same as types 1 to 91 in Sellwood 1980 (2nd edition). However, Sellwood 1980 changed the attribution of several types, causing the numbers to fall out of issue sequence, and he added types 92 and 93. Also, Sellwood completely revised the sub-type numbering so there is no correlation, except accidental, between his 1971 and 1980 sub-types. Sellwood also changed the type number and attribution of several tetradrachms of Phraates IV (type 54, first edition) to Tiridates [I] (type 55, second edition). He also notes in his preface to the second edition: "In a few cases, coins which I included in the first edition in good faith, appear not to exist, at least as I described them." Among these must be 54/7 through 54/10, which do not appear in the second edition.

Use this chart with caution! It is intended as a starting point for finding similar examples of a coin for identification and attribution. Caution is also advised because the original catalogs may have misidentified or incorrectly referenced a coin, and I have not checked all for accuracy. Mistakes were certainly possible in converting Sellwood 1971 to 1980 references, and in the use of circular-logic to generate the chart; please use the feedback page to let me know of errors found.

SELLWOOD
1980 TYPE 1
CATALOG REFERENCES 2
SHORE SEAR 3 MITCHINER
ACW
WROTH
BMC
GARDNER PETROWICZ De MORGAN SELLWOOD
1971 TYPE
1 Arsaces I 1 7322 450 (Unattributed) p5,vi (Mithradates I?)       1
2 Arsaces I       not listed not listed not listed   2
3 Arsaces I 2   451-452 (Unattributed) not listed not listed not listed   3
4 Arsaces I   7323 453 (Unattributed) not listed not listed not listed   4
5 Arsaces II 3   454-457 (Unattributed)     (Arsaces I)   5
6 Arsaces II 4 7324 458-461 (Unattributed) not listed not listed p1,1 (Arsaces I)   6
  Phriapatius
No coins
              No coins
  Phraates I
No coins
              No coins
7 Mithradates I 21   462 (Unattributed)         7
8 Mithradates I 5, 6, 22, 23 7326, 7336 463 (Unattributed) p1,1,2&3; p2,2 (Tiridates I & son Arsaces) Pl. I:1&2 (Arsaces/Tiridates I) p5,2 (Tiridates I)   8
9 Mithradates I 7-11, 20 7327 464-466 (Unattributed) p2,3 (Tiridates I & son Arsaces) (Arsaces/Tiridates I) (Tiridates I)   9
10 Mithradates I 12-19 7328-7329, 7333-7334 467-473 (Unattributed) p3,11,13; p4,27; p4,28 (Phriapatius & Phraates I); p5,30 (Phraates I?) Pl. I:3,4&5 (Arsaces/Tiridates I) p6,7 (Tiridates I)   10
SELLWOOD
1980 TYPE 1
SHORE SEAR 3 MITCHINER
ACW
WROTH
BMC
GARDNER PETROWICZ De MORGAN SELLWOOD
1971 TYPE
11 Mithradates I 24-28 7330 488, 490-491 p10,30, 31; p12,43 Pl. I:6,7&8 (Artabanus I) p9,1 (Arsaces II)   11
  Mithradates I?     489 - similar Type 11 (Mithradates I)         not listed
12 Mithradates I 29-34, 484-485 7331 474-480, 482-487 p6,1 Pl. II:3,4,5,6&7 p184 (Valarsaces of Armenia)   12
13 Mithradates I 35-39 7325, 7332 481 p13,51; p15,56 Pl. II:1&2 p184,5 (Valarsaces of Armenia)   13
14 Phraates II   6170     (Phraates I)   Elymais 2 (Phraates II) 14
15 Phraates II 40, 486 7346, 7348 505-506   (Phraates I) (Phraates I)   15
  Phraates II
"Parthians and Scythians" Fig. 1 (Sellwood 15 unpublished obol)
               
  Phraates II
"Parthians and Scythians" Fig. 2 ("radiate crown" obol)
               
16 Phraates II 41-56, 487 7349-7353, 7355-7357 492-504 p16,1,5; p17,6,12,15; p18,21,22,27 Pl. I:13,14,15,16 (Phraates I) p19,6 (Phraates I)   16
17 Phraates II   7347, 7354   p23,2 (Himerus) Pl. II:16 (Himerus) (Artaxias I of Armenia)   17
18 Interregnal Issues (c. 127-125 B.C.)       (Mithradates I)       18
19 Artabanus I 57-58, 65 7359 510 p20,3       19
20 Artabanus I 59-62 7360-7361, 7363 507-509 p21,4,8-9; p22,11 Pl. I:9,10,11 (Phraapates) p11,1 (Phriapatius)   20
SELLWOOD
1980 TYPE 1
SHORE SEAR 3 MITCHINER
ACW
WROTH
BMC
GARDNER PETROWICZ De MORGANSELLWOOD
1971 TYPE
21 Artabanus I   7358   p20,2 (Phraapates) (Arsaces I of Armenia)   21
22 Artabanus I 63-64 7362   p21,10   (Phriapatius)   22
23 Mithradates II 90, 488 7364, 7366, 7374   p23,1 (Himerus)       23
24 Mithradates II 66-76, 89, 91, 489 7365, 7367-7368 511-515 p24,3; p25,4,6-7; p26,12 Pl. I:17,18,19,20,21,22 (Mithradates I) p22,9 (Mithradates I)   24
25 Mithradates II   7369       (Mithradates I)   25
26 Mithradates II 77-84, 92, 490-494 7370, 7375, 7377 516-517, 519-521 p26,21; p28,40; p29,57 not listed p25,30 (Mithradates I)   26
27 Mithradates II 85-88, 93, 495-498 7371, 7376, 7378 518 p30,66; p32,83; p33,94 Pl. I:23:24 (Mithradates I) p27,47 (Mithradates I)   27
28 Mithradates II 94-101, 108-109, 468, 499-501 7372, 7379-7380 532-533, 537-538 (Sinatruces) p34,102,106; p36,124; p37,136 Pl. I:25,26,27 (Mithradates I) p29,61 (Mithradates I)   28
29 Mithradates II 102-107 7373   p35,117 Pl. I:28 (Mithradates I) p31,77 (Mithradates I)   29
  Mithradates II
"Parthians and Scythians" Fig. 3 (S23.3, but in bronze)
               
30 Unknown King (II) (c. 80 - 70 B.C.) 129-144, 502 (Orodes I) 7381-7382 (Gotarzes I) 522-530 (Mithradates II) p30,11; p38,2; p40,23; p41,26,31-32 (Artabanus II) Pl. II:8,9,10,11,12 (Phraates II) p34,13 (Phraates II)   30 (Gotarzes I)
SELLWOOD
1980 TYPE 1
SHORE SEAR 3 MITCHINER
ACW
WROTH
BMC
GARDNER PETROWICZ De MORGANSELLWOOD
1971 TYPE
31 Orodes I 120-125, 127-128, 469-470 7388-7393 531, 534-536 (Sinatruces) p42,1,Pl. X, 1; p42,4; p43,16; p44,21,31 (Sinatruces) Pl. III:1,2,3 (Sinatruces) p45,3 (Sinatruces)   31
  Orodes I? 126 (Orodes I?)             not listed
32 Unknown King (I) (c. 80 B.C.)           (Unknown King)   32 (Unknown King c. 70 B.C.)
33 Gotarzes I 110-119 7394-7397 (Sinatruces) 543, 551, 553 (Phraates III) p51,55,67; p53,81; p54,88-89 (Phraates III?) Pl. II:13,14,15 (Artabanus II) p36,1 (Artabanus I)   33 (Sinatruces)
34 Sinatruces 145-147 7400 (Phraates III) 544-545 (Phraates III) p54,90 (Phraates III?) Pl. II:23,24 (Mithradates II) p44,1 (Artabanus II)   34 (Phraates III)
35 Darius (?) 164-167, 503-504 (Phraates III) 7413-7414, 7417-7419 539-540 (Sinatruces) p56,1,6; p57,8,13; p58,20 (Unknown King) Pl. III:4,5,6 (Phraates III) p54,18 (Mithradates III)   35
36 Darius (?) 149-163 (Phraates III), 148 (Type 36 obv with Type 34 rev) 7411, 7415-7416, 7420-7421 541-542 (Sinatruces) p59,26 (Unknown King) Pl. III:7,8,9,10 (Phraates III) p53,5 (Mithradates III)   36
37 Darius (?)   7412       (Mithradates III)   37
38 Phraates III 168-179, 186-187 7398, 7401-7402, 7405-7408 549-550, 554-555 p45,1,2; p46,8; p47,15,18,24 Pl. II:17,18 (Mithradates II) p39,2 (Mithradates II)   38
39 Phraates III 180-185, 188, 505 7399, 7403-7404, 7409-7410 552, 546-548 p48,25,27; p49,33; p51,49,53 Pl. II:19,20,21,22 (Mithradates II) p42,20 (Mithradates II)   39
40 Mithradates III 189-199, 206-207, 506 7422-7423, 7428-7429 556-557 p61,1; p62,10; p63,17,21 Pl. III:11,12 p47,4 (Phraates III)   40
SELLWOOD
1980 TYPE 1
SHORE SEAR 3 MITCHINER
ACW
WROTH
BMC
GARDNER PETROWICZ De MORGANSELLWOOD
1971 TYPE
41 Mithradates III 200-205, 208, 507-509 7424-7427, 7430-7432 558-559 p64,25,28; p66,39,41; p67,42,50 Pl. III:15,16,17 (Orodes I); Pl. IV:21 (Tiridates II); (Mithradates III) p49,16 (Phraates III)   41
42 Orodes II 218-220 7438, 7449   p69,3,5,8 (Orodes I) (Orodes I) p59,18 (Orodes I)   42
43 Orodes II 214-217, 221, 266, 510 7439-7440, 7450 579, 562-564 (Mithradates III) p70,10-11,15; p71,24 (Orodes I) (Orodes I) (Orodes I)   43
44 Orodes II   7433   p68,1,2 (Orodes I) Pl. III:18,19 (Orodes I) p61,30 (Orodes I)   44
45 Orodes II 209, 222-232, 511-515 7434, 7441, 7451-7454 565, 580-581 (Mithradates III) p72,31,39; p74,38; p77,72; p78; 76,78; p79.91 (Orodes I) Pl. III:20,21,22,27,28 (Orodes I) p62,36 (Orodes I)   45
46 Orodes II 210, 233-238, 516, 517 7435, 7442, 7455-7456   p73,33; p79,93; p81,113,116 (Orodes I) Pl. III:23 (Orodes I); Pl. IV:20 (Tiridates II) p65,60 (Orodes I)   46
47 Orodes II 211, 239-257, 471, 518-522 7436, 7443-7444, 7457-7458 560, 566-575 (Mithradates III) p82,123; p85,146; p86,162; p89,179 (Orodes I) Pl. III:24,29,30 (Orodes I) p67,76 (Orodes I)   47
48 Orodes II 212-213, 258-265, 523-533 7437, 7445-7448, 7459-7461 561, 576-578, 582-583 (Mithradates III) p73,37; p90,184,189; p94,224; p95,233,236-237; p96,240 (Orodes I) Pl. III:25,26 (Orodes I); Pl. IV:19 (Tiridates II) p70,103 (Orodes I)   48
49 Pacorus I 267, 534-535 7462-7464   p97,1,3; p98,5 Pl. IV:1,2? (Orodes I & Pacorus) p76,1   49
50 Phraates IV 268, 536-537 7465, 7477, 7493   p99,1; p131,255; p131,259   (Phraates IV)   50
SELLWOOD
1980 TYPE 1
SHORE SEAR 3 MITCHINER
ACW
WROTH
BMC
GARDNER PETROWICZ De MORGANSELLWOOD
1971 TYPE
51 Phraates IV 269-272, 275, 305 7466, 7471, 7478, 7492 584, 587 p99,2; p109,55; p134,276   (Phraates IV)   51
52 Phraates IV 273-274, 276-292, 472, 538-552 7469, 7472, 7479-7488 (7483 not in Sellwood) 585, 588-594, 596-599 p105,34; p110,57; p115,103,106; p116,111,116; p117,129; p118,141; p119,156; p120,161; p121,173; p122,185 Pl. IV:4,6,7,14,15,16,17 p88,40   52
53 Phraates IV 293-296, 553-555 7468, 7473, 7489-7491 595 p101,12; p122,191; p124,201,207; p125,213 Pl. IV:8,9,10 p94,102   53
54 Phraates IV 297-304, 556 7467, 7474-7476, 7494-7495 586 p100,8; p125,217; p126,219; p127,230; p128,231; p130,252 Pl. IV:12,13 p95,112   54
(54/7-54/10 do not exist)
  Phraates IV
Victory Drachms of Phraates IV,
Type 6
               
55 Tiridates (I) 306-311 7470 (Phraates IV), 7496 (Tiridates I)   p108,52 (Phraates IV); p135,1 (Tiridates II?) Pl. IV:3 (Phraates IV) (Tiridates II)   55 (Tiridates I)
  Tiridates (I)
Victory Drachms of Phraates IV,
Type 5
               
56 Phraataces 312-313, 317-321, 557-558 5758, 5761 600, 602-605 p136,1 (Phraataces); p132,260,261 (Phraates IV) Pl. IV:5,11 (Phraates IV) p97,119 (Phraates IV)   56
57 Phraataces 314-316, 322, 559-561 5759, 5762, 5764 601, 606-607 p137,9; p138,16; (Phraataces); p135,5 var (????) Pl. IV:23,24,25,26 p101,10   57
58 Phraataces
   &
Musa
323-326 (Phraataces) 5760, 5763, 5765 (Phraataces) 608-611 (Phraataces) pl. XXIV, 1 var; p140,25,31,35 Pl. IV:27,28 p103,18   58 (Phraataces)
59 Orodes III 327 5766 (Phraataces)   p142 (Orodes II) Pl. V:1     59
60 Vonones I 328-329, 562-564 5767-5769 612-615 p143,2; p144,6,10; p145,17 Pl. V:2,3,4,5 p106,5   60
  Vonones I
"Parthian Gold Coins," Type 1
              not listed
  Vonones I
"Parthian Gold Coins," Type 2
              not listed
SELLWOOD
1980 TYPE 1
SHORE SEAR 3 MITCHINER
ACW
WROTH
BMC
GARDNER PETROWICZ De MORGANSELLWOOD
1971 TYPE
61 Artabanus II 330, 337-340, 565-569 5770-5771, 5774, 5778-5779 619-620 p146,1,2; p150,33; p151,44 (Artabanus III) Pl. V:7,9,10,11 (Artabanus III) p111,13 (Artabanus III)   61
62 Artabanus II 331 5772, 5775 616 p147,11 (Artabanus III)       62
63 Artabanus II 332-336, 341-349, 570-588 5773, 5776-5777, 7580-5786 617-618, 621-632 p149,26 (Artabanus III); cf. 154,34, etc. (?????); p167,51; p168,62; p172,102,107; p175,138; p176,151,157; p177,173 (Gotarzes) Pl. V:8 (Artabanus III) p110,7 (Artabanus III); p119,15 (Gotarzes)   63
  (Tiridates II)
No coins?
               
64 Vardanes I 350-357, 589-591 5787-5790 633-641 p155,19; p156,30; p157,37; p160,57 Pl. V:12,13,14,15,17 p114,9   64
65 Gotarzes II 358-365, 367, 592-593 5791, 5793, 5795-5796 642-644, 646-647 p164,31,34; p173,121 (Gotarzes)       65
66 Gotarzes II 366 5792, 5794 645 p162,10; p165,33 (Gotarzes) Pl. V:18,19,25,26 (Gotarzes) p119,13 (Gotarzes)   66
67 Vonones II 368-369, 594-595 5797-5798 648-650 p190,1,2; p191,10 (Vardanes II) Pl. VI:3 (Vardanes II) p131,6 (Vardanes II)   67
68 Vologases I 370 5799 (Vonones II) 651-652 p18,1 (?????)       68
69 Vardanes II 382-386, 600 5806-5808 657-660 p157,34; p158,41; p180,15 (Vologases I) Pl. V:16 (Vardanes I); Pl. VI:1 (Pacorus I) not listed   69
70 Vologases I 371-374, 596-599 5800, 5801, 5803-5805 (Vonones II) 653-654 p182,32; p183,42; p184,51; p185,58 Pl. V:28,29 (Vologases I); Pl. VI:4 (Vologases II) p128,8   70
  Vologases I - Num Chron 1989, Type 1 379-380             not listed
  Vologases I - Num Chron 1989, Type 2 381             not listed
SELLWOOD
1980 TYPE 1
SHORE SEAR 3 MITCHINER
ACW
WROTH
BMC
GARDNER PETROWICZ De MORGANSELLWOOD
1971 TYPE
71 Vologases I 375-378 5802 (Vonones II) 655-656 p182,37 Pl. V:30 p128,10   71
72 Vologases II 387-389, 400 5809-5812 661-662 p209,1; p214,38 Pl. VII:1,6 (Vologases III) p130,33   72
  Vologases II - Num Chron 1989, Type 3 390-392             not listed
  Vologases II - Num Chron 1989, Type 4 393             not listed
73 Pacorus II 394-397, 601 5813, 5817-5818, 5821 663-665 p193,1; p195,14,15; p196,25 Pl. VI 2? (Vardanes II); Pl. VI:7-11 (Pacorus II) p146,11   73
74 Artabanus III 404, 605-606 5825-5827 666-667 p203,1 (Artabanus IV); p165,34; p170,78 (Gotarzes) Pl. V:6 (Artabanus III); Pl. VI:15 (Artabanus IV); Pl. V:20,21,22,23,24 (Gotarzes) p120,16 (Gotarzes)   74
  Artabanus III - Num Chron 1989, Type 5 405             not listed
75 Pacorus II 398, 602 5814;5819, 5822 668 p197,33; p199,43       75
76 Pacorus II   5815           76
77 Pacorus II 399, 603-604 5816, 5820, 5823-5824 669 p200,45 var (Pacorus II); p213,32; p214,40 (Vologases II) Pl. VI:12 (Pacorus II); Pl. VII:5,7 (Vologases III) p140,31 (Vologases III)   77
  Pacorus II - Num Chron 1989, Type 6 401-403             not listed
78 Vologases III 412-420, 474, 607-615, 616-619 5830-5836 671-677 p186,66; p188,86; p189,95 (Vologases I); p204,1 (Osroes); p217,1; p220,29 (Mithradates IV) Pl. VI:5,6 (Vologases II) p134,8 (Vologases II)   78
79 Vologases III 406-411, 421, 620-622 5828-5829, 5837-5840 670 p211,15; p212,29; p215,46; p216,49 (Vologases II)       79
80 Osroes I 422, 476, 623-626, 627-628 5841-5847 678-680 p205,3; p206,10,16; p207,18,20; p208,23,25 (Osroes) Pl. VI:17,18,19,20,21 (Chosroes) p153,25 (Osroes)   80
  Osroes I - Num Chron 1989, Type 7               not listed
SELLWOOD
1980 TYPE 1
SHORE SEAR 3 MITCHINER
ACW
WROTH
BMC
GARDNER PETROWICZ De MORGANSELLWOOD
1971 TYPE
81 Parthamaspates 423-424, 629 5848-5849 681 p201,46,49 (Pacorus II) Pl. VI:13 (Pacorus II) p148,26 (Pacorus II)   81
82 Mithradates IV 425, 630-631 5850-5852 682 p219,25; p220,34; p223,62 Pl. VI:22 p155,11 (Mithradates VI)   82
83 Unknown King (III) c. 140 A.D. 426 5853-5854 (Unknown King) 683 p217,1; p219,20 (Mithradates IV) Pl. VI:24,25,26,27,28 (Artabanus IV or Mithradates IV); Pl. VII:3 (Vologases III) p154,1 (Mithradates VI)   83
84 Vologases IV 427-436, 632-635 5855-5865 684-688 p224,1; p227,25; p229,44; p230,54; p232,68; p233,73; p234,83,85; p235,87; p236,97 (Vologases III) Pl. VII:8,9,10,11,12 (Vologases III) p164,45   84
85 Osroes II 437-439, 441, 636 5866-5868 689-690 p247,1; p249,21; p250,34 (Artabanus V) Pl. VII:19 (Artabanus V) p175,1 (Artabanus V)   85
  Osroes II? 440 (Osroes II)             not listed
86 Vologases V 448-449, 637-638 5869, 5871-5872 693-694 p237,2; p239,17; p240,23 (Vologases IV) Pl. VII:13,15,16 p170,17   86
87 Vologases V 442-447, 639 5870, 5873 691-692 p238,6 (Vologases IV)       87
88 Vologases VI 450-463, 640-641 5874-5879 695-698 p241,5; p243,18-20; p245,39 (Vologases V) Pl. VII:17,18 p173,15   88
89 Artabanus IV 464-466 5880, 5882 699 p251,1 (Artavasdes) Pl. VII:20 (Artavasdes) p176,1 (Artavasdes)   89
90 Artabanus IV 467, 642 5881, 5883 700 p245,37 (Vologases V) not listed p176,4 (Artavasdes)   90
  Tiridates III
"The End of the Parthian Dynasty" (1990)
[reattribution of type 89.4]
               
91 Countermarked Issues 468 (Mithradates II), 469-470 (Orodes I), 471 (Orodes II), 472-473 (Phraates IV)             91
92 Autonomous City Issues of Seleucia, Susa & Ecbatana 643-644 (Seleucia);
645 (Ecbatana)
            not listed
93 Sanabares 477-483 (Unattributed)             not listed
SELLWOOD
1980 TYPE 1
SHORE SEAR 3 MITCHINER
ACW
WROTH
BMC
GARDNER PETROWICZ De MORGANSELLWOOD
1971 TYPE

Sources: Concept based on a chart by David Sellwood which appeared in Gardner, The Coinage of Parthia  (page following Supplementary Plate "C" in the Malter-Westerfield 1968 reprint). I  made corrections and additions based on additional research and updated the earlier Sellwood attributions to include Sellwood's more recent works. The references are:

1. Sellwood types:

Sellwood, David. An Introduction to the Coinage of Parthia.  London: Spink and Son, 1971 (1st ed.).
-------. An Introduction to the Coinage of Parthia.  London: Spink and Son, 1980 (2nd ed.)
-------. "New Parthian Coin Types," Numismatic Chronicle, 1989, vol. 149, pp. 162-168 and Plate 42.
-------. "Parthian Gold Coins," Proceedings of the XIth International Numismatic Congress, vol. 1 (Brussels, 8-13 Sep 1991). Louvain-la-Neuve: Association Professeur Marcel Hoc, 1993, pp. 295-298. [The authenticity of these coins has been challenged. See the page on Parthian gold coins.]
--------. "The End of the Parthian Dynasty," Spink Numismatic Circular 98 (1990), p. 157
--------. "The 'Victory' Drachms of Phraates IV," American Journal of Numismatics, Second Series 7-8 (1995-1996), pp. 75-81, and Plate 12.
--------. "Parthians and Scythians," Ex Moneta : Essays on Numismatics, History and Archaeology in honour of Dr. David W. MacDowall, Vol. 1 (New Delhi: Harmon, 1998), pp. 97-102.

2. Catalog references:

Gardner, Percy & Malter, Joel L. The coinage of Parthia by Percy Gardner. Introduction and supplementary catalog of a recent hoard by Joel L. Malter.  San Diego, CA: Malter-Westerfield Pub. Co., 1968. Reprint of Gardner, The Parthian coinage, 1877 edition, plus Malter's 1968 work.
Mitchiner, Michael. Oriental Coins and Their Values: The Ancient and Classical World, 600 B.C. - A.D. 650.  London: Hawkins Publications, 1978.
Morgan, Jacques de. Manuel de numismatique orientale de l'antiquité et du moyen-âge.  Chicago: Obol International, 1979, vol. 1. Reprint of 1927 edition.
Petrowicz, Alexander Ritter von. Arsaciden-Münzen. Sammlung Petrowicz - Katalog mit 25 lichtdruktafeln.  Vienna: Petrowicz, 1904.
Shore, Fred B. Parthian Coins & History - Ten Dragons Against Rome.  Quarryville, PA: Classical Numismatic Group, 1993.
Sear, David. Greek Coins and Their Values: Asia Minor, Africa, and the Hellenistic empires.  London: B. A. Seaby, Ltd., 1979, vol. 2.
-------. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values, the Local Coinages of the Roman Empire.  London: B. A. Seaby, Ltd., 1982.
Wroth, Warwick. Catalogue of the Coins of Parthia.  In: A Catalogue Of Greek Coins in the British Museum, vol. 23. Bologna: Arnaldo Forni, 1964.  Reprint of the 1903 British Museum edition.

3. Sear catalog numbers for Parthian coins in the 6000 and 7000 series are from Greek Coins and Their Values, vol. 2; coins numbered in the 5000 series are from Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values.

If you use this chart, please credit:

Edward C. D. Hopkins, "Attribution Correlation Chart for Parthian Coins," http://parthia.com, 14 Feb 2005


This page last updated 16 Dec 2009

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