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Dowlatshahi, Ali
Naqsh va nig¯arh¯a-yi Ir¯an¯i / gird¯avardah-'i 'Al¯i Dowlatsh¯ah¯i [Persian designs and motifs for artists and craftsmen, in Persian] (1979)
Tehran: Sur¯ush, 1979, 120 p.
Abstract: Translation of Persian designs and motifs for artists and craftsmen. Originally published: New York : Dover, 1979
Persian designs and motifs for artists and craftsmen (1979)
In: Dover pictorial archive series
New York: Dover Publications, 1979, 109 p.
Abstract: Over the centuries, Persia (Iran) has borne the brunt of periodic invasions. Elements of these foreign cultures, including Greek, Arabic, Turkish, Mongolian and European influences, were incorporated into the native artistic tradition but transmuted by Persian artists into a highly original and uniquely Iranian style. This outstanding collection of motifs comprises over 400 examples of this rich tradition, ready for use in a multitude of design areas.
Ranging from prehistoric pottery painting to 20th century calligraphy, this volume spans the full spectrum of Iranian art, including the Achaemenian, Parthian, Sassanian and Safavid eras. Included are designs drawn from textiles (weaves, printed fabrics, embroidery, carpets) ceramics (pottery and tile), carved and incised work (stucco, stone, metal), miscellaneous ornament, book illustration and calligraphy.
The author, a native Iranian and well known artist, has carefully rendered designs from original masterpieces in public and private collections around the world. The motifs include floral designs, geometrics, arabesques, mythical creatures, rosettes, paisley patterns, palmettes, medallions, border and marginal decorations, scrolls, curves and hunting scenes.
Embodying the sumptuous detail, rich texture and elaborate ornamentation that constitute the glory of Persian art, these motifs also exemplify the Iranian artist's traditional devotion to symmetry, harmonious pattern, and purity of line and form.
An invaluable source of design ideas for practical use, Persian Designs and Motifs will be welcomed by artists, needleworkers, weavers and designers (textiles, wallpaper, packaging) and craftspeople working in stained glass, rugs and mosaics. A selection of color plates has been included to give an idea of typical Persian coloring. [Publisher]
Downey, Susan B.
"Notes sur une stèle de Hatra" (1968)
Syria, 1968, vol. 45, p. 105-109.
"The jewelry of Hercules at Hatra" (1968)
American Journal of Archaeology, 1968, vol. 72, p. 211-217.
"The jewelry of Hercules at Hatra: Addendum" (1972)
American Journal of Archaeology, 1972, vol. 76, p. 77-.
"Art in Iran VI. Parthia" (1982)
In: Yarshater, Ehsan (ed.), Encyclopædia Iranica
Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda, 1982, p. 580-585.
"Images of deities used in the decoration of costumes at Hatra" (1983)
Sumer, 1983, vol. 39, p. 211-16.
"Two buildings at Dura-Europos and the early history of the iwan" (1985)
Mesopotamia, 1985, vol. 20, p. 111-29.
"The citadel palace at Dura-Europos" (1986)
Syria, 1986, vol. 63, p. 27-37.
"Regional variation in Parthian religious architecture" (1987)
Mesopotamia, 1987, vol. 22, p. 29-55.
Abstract: See review: Invernizzi A., Mesopotamia 24 (1989)
Mesopotamian Religious Architecture: Alexander through the Parthians (1988)
Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1988, 197 p.
Abstract: See reviews: Ann C. Gunter, JNES 51 (1992) 227-228; A. invernizzi, Mesopotamia 24 (1989) 181-186.
"Further observations on the citadel palace at Dura-Europos" (1988)
Syria, 1988, vol. 65, p. 343-47.
"L'art et l'architecture parthes -- Les grandes questions" (2002)
In: Boucharlat, Rémy (ed.), Les Parthes: l'histoire d'un empire méconnu, rival de Rome
Dossiers d'Archeologie, 2002, no. 271 (Mar), p. 22-33.
Abstract: La définition même de l'art parthe est difficile à donner. Doit-on s'en tenir à une région géographique, à l'ethnie de ceux qui l'ont produit, contemplé et utilisé ? Doit-on l'aborder par découpages chronologiques ou par ses traits stylistiques ? Nous adopterons ici la division géographique en considérant les régions qui tombèrent sous le contrôle politique des Parthes, ou dont les œuvres artistiques et architecturales présentent de fortes influences parthes. En pratique, cela recouvre une aire immense qui s'étend de l'Asie centrale et l'Iran à la Mésopotamie et au désert de Syrie, au cours d'une période qui débute à la fin du IIe siècle av. J.-C. et s'achève au milieu du IIIe siècle de notre ère. [Publisher]
"Zeus the Greatest in Syria" (2004)
In: Parthia and beyond. Cultural interconnections in the classical period. Papers in honour of Gennadij A. Koselenko
Parthica, 2004, vol. 6
"A goddess and a votary or an image and a worshipper? Comments on a Sculptural Group from Dura-Europos" (2005)
Parthica, 2005, vol. 7
"L'Arte partica" (2007)
In: Invernizzi, Antonio (ed.), Sulla via di Alessandro da Seleucia al Gandhara (Catalog of the exhibition, Palazzo Madama, Torino, 27 Feb to 27 May 2007)
Torino: Edizioni Silvana Editoriale, 2007
Downing, George
The Parthian exile : a tragedy (1774)
In: Three centuries of drama. English, 1751-1800
1774, 86 p.
Abstract: Publish info Coventry : Printed for the author by J.W. Piercy, and sold by George Robinson, Bookseller in Pater-noster-Row, London, 1774. Note "As performed several times at Coventry and Worcester."
Doyen, Jean-Marc
"Middle Iranian" (1970)
Current trends in linguistics, 1970, vol. 6, p. 26-63.
Dressel, H.
"Ein tetradrachmon des Arsakiden Mithradates III" (1922)
Zeitschrift für Numismatik, 1922, vol. 33, p. 156-177.
Abstract: The Sellwood type 41 tetradrachms in the name of Mithradates are known only from the reconstruction of overstrikes in this article. The overtype is always the S45 type of Orodes II.
Drexler, F. W.
Caracalla's Zug nach dem Orient und der letzte Partherkrieg (214-217) (1880)
Halle: 1880
Drijvers, Jan Willem
"Hatra, Palmyra and Edessa. Die Städte der syrischmesopotamischen Wüste in politischer, kulturgeschichtlicher and religionsgeschichtlicher Beleuchtung" (1977)
In: ANRW, Principat. Bd. 8
Aufstieg und Nidergang der römischen Welt, 1977, vol. 8, p. 799-906.
"Strabo on Parthia and the Parthians" (1998)
In: Wiesehöfer, Josef (ed.), Das Partherreich und seine Zeugnisse. The Arsacid empire: Sources and documentation. Beiträge des internationalen Colloquiums, Eutin (27. - 30. Juni 1996)
Stuttgart: Steiner, 1998, p. 279-293.
"Ammianus Marcellinus' image of Arsaces and early Parthian history" (1999)
In: Drijvers, Jan Willem & Hunt, David (eds.), The late Roman world and its historian. Interpreting Ammianus Marcellinus
London: Routledge, 1999, p. 193-206.
Drouin, Edmond
"Monnaies a légendes araméennes de Characène" (1889)
Revue Numismatique, 1889, tome/ser. 3, vol. 7, p. 211-254, 361-384.
Abstract: Continued in same volume, pp. 361-384
"La numismatique Araméenne sous les Arsacides et en Mesopotamie" (1889)
Journal Asiatique, 1889, tome/ser. 8, vol. 13
[Summary and review of Markoff's article in Russian, "Coins of the Arsidae"] (1889)
Revue Archéologique, 1889, no. Juillet-Decembre
Abstract: This article is a summary and review of Markoff's article in Russian, "Coins of the Arsidae", Journal of the Russian Archaelogical Society (1892).

The use of the Syro-Macedonian calendar in Iran in the Macedonian and Parthian periods is indisputable. The latter might have been in use in official circles and State documents. It was certainly used on Parthian coins with Greek letters. According to Drouin even the Macedonian months appear on the tetradrachms from the time of Phraates IV (37-4 BC) down to AD 190.
Review of Markoff's article in Russian, "Monnaies Arsacides inédites" (Saint-Petesbourg, 1892) (1893)
Revue Numismatique, 1893, tome/ser. 3, vol. 11, p. 119-130.
Abstract: This article is a summary and review of Markoff's article in Russian, "Coins of the Arsidae", Journal of the Russian Archaelogical Society (1892). Cited by Rapson, "Markoff's Unpublished Coins of the Arsacidae", Num. Chron. 1893, vol 3, num. 13.
"Onomastique Arsacide. Essai d'explication des noms des rois parthes" (1895)
Revue Numismatique, 1895, tome/ser. 3, vol. 13, p. 360-388.
"Une drachme arsacide inédite" (1899)
Gazette Numismatique, 1899
Abstract: Wroth BMC footnotes this type (p.5, type iv), of which he lists only one example, by stating "the original is not now known to exist. M. Drouin's publication is from an impression that belonged to Longpérier."
Drouville, G.
Puteshestvie v Persiiu (1826)
Moscow: 1826
Abstract: On the map supplied with the Russian translation of the volume containing G. Drouville's description of his travels in Persia, the identification of Nisa/Bagir with Parthaunisa is suggested; Nisa is slightly the east of Abiverd.
Du Mesnil Du Buisson, Robert, Comte
Un bilingue arameen-grec de l'epoque parthe a Doura-Europos (1938)
Paris: Paul Geuthner, 1938
Abstract: Extrait de la'Revue Syria', 1938, fasc. 2. Aramaic Manuscripts.
Du Ry, Carel J.
Art of the ancient near and middle east / Translated from the Dutch by Alexis Brown (1969)
In: Panorama of world art
New York: Abrams, 1969, 264 p.
Abstract: Professor Du Ry, Director of the Historical Museum in Rotterdam, skillfully traces -- through their art -- the long history of the peoples of this region and of the related cultures in Anatolia and Palestine. From the first evidence of Mesolithic man around 9000 B.C., we are led through the early civilizations of Sumer, Lagash, and Ur to the almost legendary great kingdoms and empires of Nineveh, Babylon, Akkad, and Elam. We see how city-states grew uup along the Tigris and Euphrates and how, in spite of the incursions of successive waves of jealous warrior peoples-Kassites, Medes, Semites, Chaldeans- they absorbed their conquerors again and again, rising to flourish anew and gradually to coalesce into regional empires. Finally, with the fall of Babylon in the mid-sixth century B.C., the whole area was united into the mighty Persian Empire of Cyrus the Great. It was under Cyrus and his Achaemenid successors that art reached its highest peak, supremely expressed in teh breathtaking ruins and treasures of Persepolisl. Even the onslaught of the Greeks under Alexander the Great, and the determined attempts of the Romans to set up a permanent client state there, failed to deprive the art of the area of its own special character, as is convincingly shown by the later Parthian and Sassanian renaissances. The combination of Professor Du Ry's absorbing and instructive text with a superb selection of illustrations makes this a book of outstanding importance on the art of the ancient Orient. [Publisher]
Dubs, H. H.
"A military contract between Chinese and Romans in 36 B.C." (1940)
T'oung Pao, 1940, vol. 36, p. 64-80.
"A Roman City in Ancient China" (1957)
Greece & Rome, 1957, tome/ser. 2, vol. 4, no. 2 (Oct), p. 139-148.
Duchesne-Guillemin, Jacques
Zoroastre (1948)
1948, Paris p.
La religion de l'Iran ancien (1962)
Paris: Presses universitaires de France, 1962
Duchesne-Guillemin, M.
"Une Marionette d'Epoque Parthe et le Probléme de l'origine du Luth" (1985)
In: Oudheidkundige Mededelingen uit het Rijksmuseum van Oudheden ten Leiden 65
1985, p. 23-30.
Duggan, Alfred
Winter Quarters (1956)
London: P. Davies, 1956
Abstract: Phoenix Paperbacks: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2004. A classic novel set in Ancient Rome by a bestselling author - two Gauls join the doomed Roman army marching into what is now Iraq.

Camul and Acco were both Gauls of the Pyrenees living at the time of Julius Caesar, both young and proud of their noble descent; Acco was also an Ovate training to be a Druid. In avenging the girl he loved Acco brought upon himself the curse of the Goddess; and in consequence both men left home to join the Roman army. The story tells of their adventures and travels which took them to Rome and across the greater part of the Empire as far as its Eastern rim. Duggan includes a brilliant account of the fate of Marcus Crassus's expedition of seven Roman legions and Gallic cavalry which set out to plunder Seleucia and met with the Parthian horse-bowmen under their leader the Surenas. [Publisher]

"WINTER QUARTERS covers a remarkable amount of ground, and covers it convincingly...Mr Duggan throws the strengths and weaknesses of the era into sharp relief...damnably skilful" [Sunday Times]
Dumézil, C.
L'idéologie tripartite des indo-européens (1958)
Brussels: 1958
Dunster, Mark
Parthia (1979)
In: Antony Series, Pt. 7
Hollywood: Linden Publishers, 1979
Abstract: Modern fiction.
Dupree, Nancy Hatch
"Museum under seige" (1996)
Archaeology, vol. 49, no. 2 (March/April)
Abstract: Attacked and looted by warring factions, Afghanistan's National Museum has been stripped of 70 percent of its collections. Also see the 1998 update.
Durdyev, M.
Athena from Nisa [Russian and English text] (1991)
Ministry of Culture, Turkmenian SSR, 1991, 10 p.
Abstract: Trilingual tourist catalog from the Central Asian republic published by the Ministry of Culture, Turkmenian SSR, State Museum of History and Regional Ethnography.
Marble Sculpture of Nisa [Russian and English text] (1991)
Ministry of Culture, Turkmenian SSR, 1991, 12 p.
Abstract: Trilingual tourist catalog from the Central Asian republic published by the Ministry of Culture, Turkmenian SSR, State Museum of History and Regional Ethnography.
Treasures of Parthian Kings [Russian and English text] (1991)
Ministry of Culture, Turkmenian SSR, 1991, 18 p.
Abstract: Trilingual tourist catalog from the Central Asian republic published by the Ministry of Culture, Turkmenian SSR, State Museum of History and Regional Ethnography.
Parthian Ritons of Nisa [Russian and English text] (1991)
Ministry of Culture, Turkmenian SSR, 1991, 18 p.
Abstract: Trilingual tourist catalog from the Central Asian republic published by the Ministry of Culture, Turkmenian SSR, State Museum of History and Regional Ethnography.
Nusai-Parfiia Dovletining Paitagty [Nisa, the capital of Parthia] in Turkmen (1992)
Ashgabat: Kharp, 1992, 24 p.
Durkin-Meisterernst, Desmond
"The uses of baw- in Parthian" (1999)
In: Iran. Questions et connaissances. Actes du
Ive congrès européen des études iraniennes organisé par la Societas Iranologica Europaea Paris,
6-10 Septembre 1999, Vol. I: La période ancienne.
Paris: Studia Iranica, 2000
"Zum Parthischen Verbum" (2000)
In: Forssman, B. & Plath, R. (eds.), Indoarisch, Iranisch und die Indogermanistik
Wiesbaden: 2000, p. 75-88.
"The short Parthian hymn in M4a: mwqr'nyg" (2002)
In: Treatise of the presentation from the conference, The Mandaeans, Oxford, 8 July 2002
Oxford: 2002
Bibliography - Page 17

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