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Bibliography Page 41

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Meillet, A.
La religion indo-européenne (1921)
Paris: 1921
 
"De l'influence Parth sur la langue Arménienne" (1921-1922)
Revue des Études Arméniennes, 1922, vol. 1, p. 9-14.
 
"De quelques mots parthes en arménien" (1922)
Revue des Études Arméniennes, 1922, vol. 2, p. 1-6.
 
Melikian-Chirvani, A. S.
"Le rhyton selon les sources persanes: Essai sur la continuité culturelle iranienne de l'Antiquité a Islam" (1982)
Paris: Studia Iranica, 1982, vol. 11, p. 263-292.
 
"The Iranian Wine Horn from Pre-Achaemenid Antiquity to the Safavid Age" (1996)
Bulletin of the Asia Institute, 1996, tome/ser. New, vol. 10, p. 85-139.
Abstract: Discusses the rhyton and illustrates several examples from different periods; wine horns were used in the wine banquet, one of the most important ceremonies at Iranian courts, for a symbolic pouring of sacrificial blood. Drinking horns of precious metal terminating in the foreparts of a sacrificial animal are already known from the Achaemenid period, 5th/4th century BC, but the courtly ceremony and thus the manufacture of such horns continued well into the Islamic period.
 
A. S. Melikian-Chirvani, "Early Iranian Jade" (2000)
Bulletin of the Asia Institute, 2000, tome/ser. New, vol. 11
Abstract: In a discussion of the use of jade in the Iranian world from Parthian times on, the author discusses a weapon fitting from Samarqand excavated from a tumulus dated by Uzbek archaeologists to the 1st through 3d centuries A.D.
 
Menasce, J. P. de
"Un cachet parthe" (1962)
Syria, 1962, vol. 39, p. 225-230.
 
Menegazzi, Roberta
"Le figure femminili ammantate nella coroplastica di Seleucia al Tigri" (2005)
Parthica, 2005, vol. 7
 
"La coroplastica della Mesopotamia ellenizzata" (2007)
In: Invernizzi, Antonio (ed.), Sulla via di Alessandro da Seleucia al Gandhara (Catalog of the exhibition, Palazzo Madama, Torino, 27 Feb to 27 May 2007)
Torino: Edizioni Silvana Editoriale, 2007
 
Merwin, S.
Die Seidenstrasse (1952)
Wolfgang Krüger, 1952
Abstract: Novel set on the Silk Road in the 1st century A.D. at the height of the Han dynasty before Trajan's war on Parthia.
 
Meshkeris, Veronika
"The Musical Culture of Eastern Parthia and Hellenistic East: Parallels in Fine Art and Architecture" (1998)
In: "Music Archaeology of Metal Ages," 9th International Symposium of the "Study Group on Music Archaeology", 18-24 May 1998, Kloster Michaelstein in Blankenburg, Germany
1998
Abstract: Rich iconographic material and written sources testify to the highly developed musical culture of Eastern Parthian territories (Parthyena and Margiana). The famous rhythm from Old Nasi, irrespective of the problem of their provenance, are a result of the perception of Hellenistic culture by the early Arsacida. An East-Hellenistic synthesis of the instruments on the Nisa rhythm and Western Parthian parallels on terracottas. A list of Parthian musical instruments in Herodian and Plutarch, the "Asiatic cither" (Strabo), representations on Parthian coins. The minstrely at the courts of Parthian nobles (and rhythm from Olbia). "Musical" friezes of the Nisa rhythm and friezes of Parthian and Kushan architecture, their common genesis, Hellenistic-Eastern synthesis, frieze compositions with the depiction of musicians holding various instruments which alternate with decoration elements (grapes, hop) connected with ritual libation as a trait in common in the architecture of Hellenized East (Hatra, Surkh Kotal, Taxila, Fayaz-tepe, Khalchayan etc.). A problem of "musical" friezes in the architecture of palace-temple complexes in connection with further reconstruction and study of architectonics of standard monumental structures. Unlike Parthyena, Margiana was a centre of distinctive stringed instruments and of peculiar funeral rites of Musian character. The short lute was a traditional folk instrument there (its local name was brabat). The ritual theme of the well-known vase from Old merv and ritual scenes depicting musicians on objects of Eastern tereutics, which are connected with Mihragan, an Iranian and Middle Asian analogy of the Dionysus festivals. The musical culture of Eastern Parthia in the light of new research of hellenistic topics and of the instrumental art of Bactri (Takht-i Sanguin, Zart-tepe, Old Termez, Dal 'verzin-tepe, the Bartym goblet). The confluence of two different art schools - élite and alien that in Parthyena and traditional local that in Margiana- is a synthesis that determined originality of the musical culture of Eastern Parthia. [Author, St. Petersburg, Russia]
 
Messina, V.
"Presto saro' re". Seleuco IV come Helios sulle cretule da Seleucia al Tigri (2001)
Parthica, 2001, vol. 3
 
"More gentis Parthicæ. Ritratti barbuti di Demetrio II sulle impronte di sigillo da Seleucia al Tigri" (2003)
Parthica, 2003, vol. 5, p. 21-36.
 
"Nike on the clay sealings from Seleucia on the Tigris" (2006)
Parthica, 2006, vol. 8, p. 17-24.
 
Messina, Vito
Seleucia al Tigri. L’edificio degli archivi : Lo scavo e le fasi architettoniche (2006)
In: Monografie di Mesopotamia - 8
Firenze: Casa Editrice Le Lettere, 2006
 
"Seleucia al Tigri" (2007)
In: Invernizzi, Antonio (ed.), Sulla via di Alessandro da Seleucia al Gandhara (Catalog of the exhibition, Palazzo Madama, Torino, 27 Feb to 27 May 2007)
Torino: Edizioni Silvana Editoriale, 2007
 
Metzler, D.
"Das Pferd auf Münzen des Labienus - ein Mithrassymbol" (1978)
In: Festschr. F.K. Dörner, Bd. 2
Leiden: 1978, p. 619-638.
 
Meyer, Hans
"Die Arsakiden-Münzen" (1982)
Money Trend, 1982, vol. 14, no. 10 (Oct), p. 23-27.
 
Michalak, M.
"The Origins and Development of the Sassanian Heavy Cavalry" (1987)
In: New Eastern Studies in Honor of Józef Wolski
Folia Orientalia, 1987, vol. 24, p. 73-86.
Abstract: Suggests that the heavy armoured Seleucid cavalry was the model for the Parthian cavalry.
 
Michalowski, K.
Palmyre, fouilles polonaises 1959- (1960-)
Warsaw & Paris:
 
Mielczarek, Mariusz
Cataphracti and clibanarii : studies on the heavy armoured cavalry of the ancient world (1993)
In: Studies on the history of ancient and medieval art of warfare ; v. 1
Lódz: Oficyna Naukowa MS, 1993, 145 p.
Abstract: Ttranslated by Maria Abramowicz. Text in English with a summary in Polish. Mielczarek makes a convincing case for the Parthian origin of heavy armored cavalry. A must-have book for anyone interested in the Parthian military system.
 
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum. Poland Volume I, The Archaeological and Ethnographical Museum in Lodz, Part 4, Galatia - Zeugitana (1998)
Krakow: Polish Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1998
Abstract: This thin book gives a description of 313 coins, illustrated on 25 plates, including:
Persian Empire: 1 coin (no 132)
Elymais: 2 coins (no 133-134)
Parthia: 20 coins (no 135-154)
 
The archaeological and ethnological museum in Lodz. Part 4, Galatia - Zeugitana (1998)
In: Sylloge nummorum Graecorum. Poland ; vol. 1, part 4
Krakow: Polish Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1998, 49 p.
Abstract: Contains coins of Elymais (133-134) and Parthia (135-154).
 
"Cataphracts - a Parthian element in the Seleucid art of war" (1998)
In: Dabrowa, Edward, Ancient Iran and the mediterranean world. Proceedings of an international conference in honour of Professor Józef Wolski held at the Jagiellonian university, Cracow, in September 1996 (Electrum. Studies in Ancient History. 2.)
1998, p. 101-105.
 
Miglus, Peter A.
"Fundmünzen aus Assur und Lokalgeschichgte in islamischer Zeit" (1996)
In: Miglus, Peter A., Das Wohngebiet von Assur : Stratigraphie und Architektur
Berlin: Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft, 1996, p. 353-376.
Abstract: Coins found in Iraq along with Islamic gypsum stone devices and utensils.
 
Mikkelsen, G.
"Traité/Sermon on the Light-Nous in Chinese and its Parallels in the Parthian, Sogdian and Old Turkish" (2000)
In: Christian, David & Benjamin, C. (eds.), Realms of the Silk Roads: Ancient and Modern
2000
Abstract: Part 1: New Sources on Inner Asian History N. Sims-Williams, Some Reflections on Zoroastrianism in Sogdiana and Bactria; G. Mikkelsen, Traité/Sermon on the Light-Nous in Chinese and its Parallels in the Parthian, Sogdian and Old Turkish; A.V.G. Betts & V.N. Yagodin, Hunting Traps on the Ustiurt Plateau, Uzbekistan.

Part 2: Long Distance Contacts S. Lieu, Byzantium, Persia and China: Interstate Relations on the Eve of the Islamic Conquest; D. Christian, Silk Roads or Steppe Roads ? The Silk Roads in World History; M. Underdown, The Northern Silk Road: Ties between Turfan and Korea.

Part 3: Political Life C. Benjamin, The Yuezhi and their Neighbours: Evidence for the Yuezhi in the Chinese Sources c. 220 - c. 25 BCE; K. Nourzhanov, Politics of National Reconciliation in Tajikistan: From Peace Talks to (Partial) Political Settlements; S. Akbarzadeh, Islam and Regional Stability in Central Asia; C. Mackerras, Relations Between the Uygur State and China's Tang Dynasty, 744-840.

Part 4: Perspectives G. Watson, Prestigious Peregrinations : British Travellers in Central Asia c. 1830-1914; F. Patrikeeff, The Geopolitics of Myth: Interwar Northeast Asia and Images of an Inner Asian Empire; D. Thwaites, The Road to Urumqui: Zunun Kadir's Lost World; F. Patrikeeff & J. Perkins, National and Imperial Identity: A Triptych of Baltic Germans in Inner Asia.

Part 5: Teaching Inner Asian History R. Fletcher & E. Hetherington, The China TimeMap Project: China and the Silk Roads; M. With, Creating Responsible Educational Images of Judaic / Christian / Islamic Relations.
 
Mildenberg, Leo & Hurter, Silvia (eds.)
The Arthur S. Dewing Collection of Greek Coins (1985)
In: In 2 vols, Text and Plates
New York: American Numismatic Society, 1985
Abstract: Text in vol 1; plates in vol 2.
Parthia:
2678 Phraates II (Sellwood 16.3)
2679 Artabanus I (Sellwood 19.1)
2680-2692 Mithradates II (Sellwood 24.9, 26.2, 26.11, 27.1, 27.1 ancient forgery, 28.1, 28.2, 28.7)
2693-2694 Orodes I (Sellwood 31.6)
2695 Orodes II (Sellwood 47.5)
2696 Phraates IV (Sellwood 52.13)
2697 Tiridates (Sellwood 55.7-9)
2698 Phraataces & Musa (Sellwood 58.9)
2699 Vonones I (60.5)
2700 Artabanus II 61.7
2701 Vardanes I (Sellwood 61.20-27)
2702 Gotarzes II (65.8-17)
2703 Vonones II (Sellwood 67.1)
2704 Vardanes II (Sellwood 69.13)
2705 Vologases IV (Sellwood 84.128)
Characene:
2706 Tiraeus II (78/7-48/7 B.C.) (G. Le Rider, Syria 1959, p. 245, 46-47
Persis:
2707 Autophradates I (2nd cent. B.C.) (BMC Arabia, p. 201, 4)
 
Miles, George C.
The numismatic history of Rayy (1938)
In: Numismatic Studies, no. 2
New York: American Numismatic Society, 1938
Abstract: "Originally presented as a dissertation in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the degree of doctor of philosophy and accepted by the faculty of Princeton university in 1937, the work has since been considerably enlarged and in some respects revised."--Pref
 
Excavation Coins from the Persepolis Region (1959)
In: Numismatic Notes and Monographs, No. 143
New York: American Numismatic Society, 1959, 124 p.
 
Iranian Coinage in the American Numismatic Society (1960)
In: A Survey of Persian Art, vol. 14, New Studies: Proceedings of the IVth International Congress of Iranian Art and Archeology, Part A, 24 April - 3 May 1960
London: Oxford University Press, 1967, p. 3104-3107.
Abstract: A brief note on the uses of coins for study in various disciplines is followed by an outlined list of the Iranian coins in the collection of the ANS under the headings Ancient (over 4000 specimens), Late Antiquity-Early Mediaeval (about 1900 Sasanian and related coins), and Islamic (close to 10,000 specimens). [Anne S. Davidson]
 
Millar, Fergus
The Roman Empire and its Neighbours (1967)
Delacorte, 1967, 362 p.
 
The Roman Near East, 31 B.C.-A.D. , 1993
Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1993, 575+ p.
Abstract: This book traces the advance of Rome into the Near East from the time of Augustus to Constantine I. Includes Chapt. 4, Rome and Mesopotamia: From Parthia to Persia, p. 127.
 
"Dura-Europos under Parthian rule" (1996)
In: Wiesehöfer, Josef (ed.), Das Partherreich und seine Zeugnisse - The Arsacid Empire : Sources and Documentation. Beiträge des Internationalen Colloquiums, Eutin (27.-30. Juni 1996). Historia-Einzelschriften, 122
Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 1998, p. 473-492.
 
"Caravan cities: the Roman Near East and long distance travel by land" (1998)
In: Austin, Michel, Harris, Jill & Smith, Christopher (eds.), Modus operandi : essays in honour of Geoffrey Rickman / edited by Michel Austin, Jill Harries, Christopher Smith
London: Institute of Classical Studies, 1998
 
The Greek World, the Jews, and the East (2006)
In: Rome, the Greek World, and the East. Volume 3
Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2006, 552 p.
 
Milleker, Elizabeth J. (ed.)
The year one : art of the ancient world east and west (2000)
New Haven, CT: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000, xii+220 p.
Abstract: Catalog of an exhibition held at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Oct. 3, 2000 through Jan. 14, 2001. Eight beautifully photographed plates of Parthian artifacts held in the Met.
 
Miller, Benigne Emmanuel Clement
Periple de Marcien d'Heraclee, Epitome d'Artemidore, Isidore de Charax, etc., ou Supplement aux dernieres editions des Petits geographes d'apres un manuscrit grec de la Bibliotheque royale (1839)
Paris: Imprimerie royale, 1839, xxiv+363 p.
 
Miller, J.
"Choesroes (2)" (1899)
In: RE 6
1899, 2445 p.
 
"Pakoros (3)" (1942)
In: RE 36,1
1942, 2438 p.
 
"Pakoros (2)" (1942)
In: RE 36,1
1942, 2438 p.
 
"Pakoros (1)" (1942)
In: RE 36,1
1942, p. 2437 ff.
 
Miller, J. I.
The Spice Trade of the Roman Empire, 29 B.C. to A.D. 641 (1969)
Oxford: 1969, 294 p.
Abstract: Discusses the spice Galanga which comes from South China and the Malay peninsula. It is mentioned by Aetius of Amida in the 6th century A.D. However the book generally supports the view that there was trade, direct or indirect, between China and the West during the Parthian period
 
Miller, Naomi F.
"Plant Remains from Ville Royale II, Susa" (1981)
In: Cahiers de la Délégation archéologique française en Iran 12
1981, vol. 12, p. 137-142.
 
Miller, Naomi F. (ed.)
"Archaeobotanical Reports from Iran and Related Items" (1997)
1997
Abstract: Bibliography accumulated by Naomi F. Miller, University of Pennsylvania Museum, March 1997
 
Milne, J. G.
"An Elymaïc Hoard" (1941)
Numismatic Chronicle, 1941, p. 92-94.
 
Minns, E. H.
Scythians and Greeks; a survey of ancient history and archaeology on the north coast of the Euxine from the Danube to the Caucasus (1913)
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1913
 
"Parchments of the Parthian Period from Avroman in Kurdistan" (1915)
Journal of Hellenic Studies, 1915, vol. 35, p. 22-65.
Abstract: The parchments from Avroman are written in the same script as the ostraka from Nisa and provide the only other truly contemporary Pahlavi documents. On pp. 38-39 the titulaire employed in documents by Parthian kings during the 1st century B.C. is compared with the shorter formulae used on coins.
 
Minorsky, Vladimir
"Vis u Ramin: A Parthian Romance" (1946-1947)
Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 1946, vol. 11-12
 
Miranda, Joe
Trajan: The Roman Campaign in the East (1991)
Strategy and Tactics, 1991, no. 145 (Sep)
Abstract: Trajan's Campaign in the East against the Parthian Empire. Game magazine with counters to be punched, rules. "Trajan" covers the Roman campaign in the East against the Parthians A.D. 114-118. It's a two-player game, moderately complex, with an unusual approach -- the map design is based on an ancient map and shows the region as the Roman perceived it instead of using modern maps to show portray it correctly. Hexgrid map of the Mesopotamia area, very nice counters with shield, horse-head, wheel etc. symbols rather than pictographic art. Articles on the title by Joe Miranda.

A single sheet of errata was issued in December 1991.
 
Bibliography - Page 41

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