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Longpérier, Henri Adrien Prévost de
Mémoires sur la chronologie et l'iconographie des Rois Parthes Arsacides (1853)
Paris: E. Léroux, 1853, 160 p.
Abstract: "Longpérier's book deals only with a portion of the Arsacid series, but contains some valuable historical dissertations and a notice of many unpublished tetradrachms: the engraved plates (not published until 1882), display the series in a very probable and carefully considered sequence, which does not differ greatly from the order determined on by Gardner." -- Wroth [BMC Parthia, xiv]
 
Longrigg, Stephen Hemsley & Stoakes, Frank
Iraq (1958)
In: Series: Nations of the modern world
New York: Praeger, 1958, 1 ed., 264 p.
 
Longuerue, P.
Annales Arsacidarum (1732)
Strassbourg: 1732
 
L'Orange, Hans Peter
Studies on the iconography of cosmic kingship in the ancient world (1953)
In: Instituttet for sammenlignende kulturforskning. Series A: Forelesninger, 23
Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1953
 
Lordkipanidze, G. A.
K' istorii drevnei Kolkhidy [On the history of ancient Colchis] (1970)
Tiflis: Ganatleba, 1970, 146 p.
Abstract: English summary. Pages 104-111 list coin finds from Vani, including drachms from the kings of Parthia.
 
Lörincz, B.
"D(e)f(unctus) in Parth(h)ia. Zur Teilnahme der Legio I Adiutrix am Partherkrieg Caracallas" (1995)
Acta Antiqua Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, vol. 36, p. 245-248.
 
Lozinski, B. Philip
The Original Homeland of the Parthians (1959)
's-Gravenhage: Mouton & Co., 1959, 55 p.
Abstract: Frye [1984, p. 205] says this booklet by Lozinski "... is unfortunately unusable." See reviews: Józef Wolski, Gnomon. Kritische Zeitschrift für die gesamte klassische Altertumswissenschaft, Bd. 32 (1960), pp. 374-375; review in Journal of the American Oriental Society, 1960; M. Martin, Orientalia N.S. 28 (1959), pp. 389-390; Richard T. Hallock, Journal of Near Eastern Studies, Vol. 20, No. 2 (Apr., 1961), p. 144.
 
"The Parthian dynasty" (1984)
Iranica Antiqua, 1984, vol. 19, p. 117-139.
Abstract: MWW: Survey and discussion of Arsacid dynasty (Parthian empire: 250 BCE-224 CE) based on Middle Eastern sources (i.e. those written in Arabic, Armenian, and Iranian as opposed to Greek and Latin sources) from Middle Ages to nineteenth century.
 
Lucian
"Octogenarians" with translation by A. M. Harmon (1996)
In: Harmon, A. M. (ed.), Loeb classical library : Greek Authors, Lucian, vol. 1
1996, p. 233-235.
 
Lukonin, V. G.
Persia II (1967)
In: Hogarth, James (tr.), Archaeologia mundi series
Cleveland: World Pub. Co., 1967, 233 p.
Abstract: Translated from the Russian by James Hogarth. 76 illustrations in colour; 141 illustrations in black and white. Part of the Archaeologia Mundi Series. Iran I, by Jean Louis Huot, which dealt with Persia from the beginning until the Achaemenians, has now been followed by this volume covering the period from the death of Alexander the Great to the Arab conquest, i.e., the millennium corresponding to the reigns of the Seleucid, (Graeco- Macedonian) Parthian and Sassanian dynasties.
 
"Monnaie d'Ardachir I et l'Art Officiel Sassanide" (1968)
Iranica Antiqua, 1968, vol. 8, p. 106-117.
 
Iskusstvo drevnego Irana, Moscow [Art of Ancient Iran] (in Russian) (1977)
Moscow: 1977
Abstract: See p. 134 for Parthian ceramic vase.
 
Lunde, Paul
The Silk Roads: A History (1988)
Aramco World, 1988, vol. 39, no. 4 (Jul/Aug)
 
Lusnia, Susann
"Battle Imagery and Politics on the Severan Arch in the Roman Forum" (2006)
In: Dillon, Sheila & Welch, Katherine E. (eds.), Representations of War in Ancient
Rome
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006, xiv+365 p.
Abstract: See review by Josh Levithan, Yale University at http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/bmcr/2006/2006-08-55.html
 
Luther, Andreas
"Abgar Prahates filius rex (CIL VI, 1797)" (1998)
Le Muséon, 1998, vol. 111, no. Fasc. 3-4, p. 345-357.
 
"Überlegungen zur 'defectio' der östlichen Satrapien vom Seleucidenreich" (1999)
In: Goettinger Forum für Altertumswissenschaft, vol. 2
1999, vol. 2, p. 5-15.
 
"Die ersten Könige von Osrhoene" (1999)
Klio, 1999, vol. 81, no. 2, p. 437-454.
 
"Medo nectis catenas? Die Expedition des Aelius Gallus im Rahmen der augusteischen Partherpolitik" (1999)
Orbis Terrarum, 1999, vol. 5, p. 157-182.
 
"Elias von Nisibis und die Chronologie der edessenischen Könige" (1999)
Klio, 1999, vol. 81, no. 1, p. 180-198.
 
"Dura-Europos zwischen Palmyra und den Parthern. Der politische Status der Region am Mittleren Euphrat im 2. Jh. n.Chr. und die Organisation des palmyrenischen Fernhandels" (2004)
In: Rollinger, Robert & Ulf, Christopher (eds.), Commerce and Monetary Systems in the Ancient World: Means of Transmission and Cultural Interaction. Proceedings of the Fifth Annual Symposium of the Assyrian and Babylonian Heritage Project Held in Innsbruck, Austria, October 3-8, 2002
Wiesbaden: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2004, p. 327-251.
 
Luttwak, Edward N.
The grand strategy of the Roman Empire from the first century A.D. to the third (1976)
Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1976, xii+255 p.
 
Lyons, Islay
The Lyre and the Lotus (1968)
London: Harvill, 1968, 318 p.
Abstract: A novel of Ancient Greece and India. Following the memories of one man's life encompassing , the earthquake of AD 115 , war with the Parthians and ending in India where the Bhudda was given form. Author's first novel.
 
Macdonald, George
Catalogue of Greek Coins in the Hunterian Collection, University of Glasgow, vol. 3: Further Asia, Northern Africa, Western Europe (1905)
Glasgow: J. Maclehose and Sons, 1905
Abstract: Plates 29 and 30 illustrate Parthian coins in the Hunterian collection.
 
"The Hellenic Kingdoms of Syria, Bactria, and Parthia" (1922)
In: Rapson, Edward J., The Cambridge History of India, vol. 1, chapt. 17
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1922
 
MacDowall, D. W.
"The dynasty of the later Indo-Parthians" (1965)
Numismatic Chronicle, 1965, tome/ser. 7, vol. 5, p. 137-148.
Abstract: The author analyzes the copper tetradrachms of the winged Nike type issued by the Indo-Parthians in Arachosia (near the modern Kandahar), and on the basis of metrology, paleography and provenance concludes there were two kings named Gondophares, and that the chronological order of the rulers was: Gondophares I, Abdagases, Orthagnes, Pacores, Gondophares II and Arda-Mitra. [Charles K. Parish]
 
"Excavations at Kandahar 1975" (1978)
Afghan Studies, 1978, vol. 1, p. 50-51.
Abstract: The finds include copper coins of a Negama type of Antiochus III, Euthydemus, Eucratides, Pacores and Shapur I, and late Sasanian silver drachms which had been used as Charon's obols.
 
"Numismatics, Early Period, Achaemenids and Greeks; Numismatics, the Pre-Muslim Period" (1978)
In: Allchin, F. R. & Hammond, N. (eds.), The Archeology of Afghanistan from the Earliest Times to the Timurid Period
London/New York/San Francisco: Academic Press, 1978, p. 201-214; 245-255.
Abstract: The coinage and currency of pre-Islamic Afghanistan is reviewed and the principal hoards and site finds on which the reconstruction is based are discussed. [Author]
 
"Indo-Parthian and Kushan coins from excavations in Afghanistan" (1987)
In: Indian Institute of Research in Numismatic Studies Numismatics and archaeology Maharashtra
1987, p. 45-53.
 
"Impact of Alexander the Great on the Coins of Afghanistan and NW India" (1987)
Numismatic Digest, 1987, vol. 11, p. 5-12.
Abstract: Alexander the Great's concept of an imperial coinage and his system based on the Attic weight standard had a far-reaching effect on the medium of exchange in Afghanistan and later in NW India. A developed fine coinage emerged with the coinage of the Indo-Greeks, Indo-Parthians and Indo-Scythians. (P.L. Gupta)
 
"The Interrelation between Indo-Parthian and Kushan Chronology" (1991)
In: Histoire et cultes de l'Asie Central préislamique. Sources écrites et documents archéologiques. Actes du Colloque international du CNRS (Paris, 22-28 novembre 1988)
1991, p. 243-249.
 
"Moneta. Afghanistan e nord-ovest dell'India" (1995)
In: Enciclopedia dell'Arte Antica, Classica e Orientale, II suppl, 1971-1994, III, H-Neo
Rome: Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana, 1995, p. 745-751.
Abstract: Through examination of new hoards, the author comments on the state of our knowledge of the coinage of Afghanistan and northwestern India. He also notes in passing the Greek coins of Bactria and the Indo-Scythian coins of Taxila (1st century B.C. to 1st century A.D.), and Indo-Parthian coins up to the invasion of the Kusana (1st century A.D.). (A. Carignani)
 
MacDowall, D. W. & Ibrahim, M.
"Pre-Islamic Coins in Kandahar Museum" (1978)
Afghan Studies, 1978, vol. 1, p. 66-77.
Abstract: The authors list and illustrate 163 coins in the museum (1 gold, 23 silver and 139 copper), including a table of weights. The coins include Mauryan, Indo-Greek, Parthian, Indo-Scythian, Indo-Parthian, Kushan, Sassanian and some medieval issues. (Arnold Spaer)
 
"Pre-Islamic Coins in Herat Museum" (1979)
Afghan Studies, 1979, vol. 2, p. 45-53.
 
MacDowall, D. W. & Taddei, M.
"The Pre-Muslim Period. Numismatics" (1978)
In: Allchin, F. R. & Hammond, N. (eds.), The Archaeology of Afghanistan from earliest times to the Timurid period
London/New York/San Francisco: Academic Press, 1978, p. 245-255.
 
MacDowall, Sophie P. B.
"British Travellers in Afghanistan: Early contributions to archaeology and numismatics" (1998)
In: Jha, Amal Kumar & Garg, Sanjay (eds.), Ex Moneta : Essays on Numismatics, History and Archaeology in honour of Dr. David W. MacDowall, vol. 2
New Delhi: Vedams Books International, 1998
 
Mackay, D.
"The Jewelry of Palmyra and its Significance" (1949)
Iraq, 1949, vol. 11, p. 160ff.
 
MacKay, Dorothy
Ancient Cities of Iraq : A Practical Handbook (1926)
Baghdad: K. MacKenzie, 1926, 1 ed., 82 p.
Abstract: "In compiling this little guide-book, I have observed two limitations. Firstly, the term "ancient" has been taken to mean "pre-Islamic", and, in consequence, no account is given of the Holy Cities or of Moslem buildings of importance, whether religious or secular. Secondly, directions for reaching sites of archeological interest are only given in cases where the journey is practicable and excavation has rendered the buildings of interest to visitors." [Author]
 
MacKenzie, D. N.
"Notes on the transcription of Pahlavi" (1967)
Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 1967, vol. 30, no. 1, p. 17-29.
 
"Iranian Languages" (1969)
Current trends in linguistics, 1969, vol. 5, p. 450-477.
 
A Concise Pahlavi Dictionary (1971)
New York: Oxford University Press, 1971
Abstract: A 1987 ed. also reported.
 
"Shapur's Shooting" (1978)
Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 1978, vol. 41, p. 499-511.
 
"Some Names from Nisa" (1986)
In: Peredneaziatskii Sbornik IV
Moscow: Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, 1986, p. 209-215.
 
Iranica diversa (1999)
In: Cereti, Carlo G. & Paul, Ludwig (ed.), 2 volumes; Serie orientale Roma, vol. 84
Roma: Istituto italiano per l'Africa e l'Oriente, 1999
Abstract: C. Cereti and L. Paul edited this two-volume collection of MacKenzie's articles with an appendix containing corrections, revisions and additions by MacKenzie and an extensive word index. MacKenzie took the opportunity to re-set some articles to make up for misprints in the original publication (e.g. his review of R. Schmitt (ed.), Compendium Linguarum Iranicarum, particularly the part covering Humbach's article on Khwarezmian), or to improve on the presentation, though an error in the preparation of the book undid some of this. In the reprint of "Shapur's shooting" (1978), only the philological part is included since he did not want to repeat the speculation in the original because it turned out to be an ingenious effort to explain article concerning [a copy of Shapur's Hajiabad inscription on a silver plaque which S. Shaked (1990) was able to demonstrate as a forgery. [Enc. Iranica]
 
MacKenzie, D. N. (ed.)
Corpus inscriptionum Iranicarum, Pt. 3. Pahlavi inscriptions (1976-1980)
London: P. Lund, Humphries, 1976
Abstract: See review of Pt 3, Vol. 4 Portfolio 1 by N. M Lowick, Numismatic Chronicle, Series 7, vol. 12 (1972), pp. 345-346.
Contents:
Pt. 3. Pahlavi inscriptions.
-- v. 1. Royal inscriptions, with their Parthian and greek versions.
-- v. 2. Private inscriptions of the Classical Period. [no. 1] The inscription of Sar-Mashad. [no. 2] The inscription of Naqs-i Rustam. [no. 3] Minor inscriptions of Kartir, together with the end of Naqs-i Rustam.
-- v. 3. Dura-Europos. [no. 1] The Parthian and Middle Persian inscriptions of Dura-Europos.
-- v. 4-5. Ostraca and Papyri. [no. 1] Ostraca and Papyri.
-- v. 6. Seals and coins. [no. 1] Kushan and Kushano-Sasanian seals and Kushano-Sasanian coins: Sasanian seals in the British Museum. [no. 2] Sasanian seals in the collection of Mohsen Foroughi
 
Corpus inscriptionum Iranicarum, Pt. 2. Inscriptions of the Seleucid and Parthian periods and of Eastern Iran and Central Asia (1976-1980)
London: P. Lund, Humphries, 1976
Abstract: A bibliography of finds related to the excavations at Nisa, near Ashkabad. Cited by Frye, 1984, p. 205.
Contents:
Pt. 2. Inscriptions of the Seleucid and Parthian periods and of Eastern Iran and Central Asia. v. 1. Inscriptions in non-Iranian languages.
-- v. 1. Inscriptions in non-Iranian languages.
-- v. 2. Parthian.
[no. 1] Parthian economic documents from Nisa: Plates I (123 b/w plates, 1976).
[no. 2] Parthian economic documents from Nisa: Plates II (124-330 = 206 b/w plates, 1977).
[no. 3] Parthian economic documents from Nisa: Plates III (1979).
[no. 4] Parthian economic documents from Nisa: Texts I (1977).
-- v. 3. Sogdian.
[no. 1] Dokumentï s gorï Mug (Documents from Mt. Mugh)
-- v. 4. Khwarezmian.
-- v. 5. Saka.
[no. 1] Saka documents I.
[no. 2] Saka documents II.
[no. 3] Saka documents III.
[no. 4] Saka documents IV.
[no. 5] Saka documents V.
[no. 6] Saka documents VI.
[no. 7] Saka documents: Text volume.
-- v. 6. Bactrian
 
Maenchen-Helfen, O.
"The Yüeh-chih Problem re-examined" (1945)
Journal of the American Oriental Society, 1945, vol. 65, p. 71-81.
 
"A Parthian Coin-legend on a Chinese Bronze" (1952)
Asia Major, 1952, tome/ser. NS, vol. 3, Part 1, p. 1-6.
 
Magistro, M. R.
"Il grifone nell'arte dell'antica India" (1999)
Parthica, 1999, vol. 1, p. 171-196.
 
Malalas, John
Chronographia (1986)
In: The chronicle of John Malalas / a translation by Elizabeth Jeffreys, Michael Jeffreys, and Roger Scott ; with Brian Croke ... [et al].
Melbourne: Australian Association for Byzantine Studies, 1986, xli+371 p.
Abstract: "Possibly when our knowledge of Parthia in the time of Trajan is much further advanced, we shall be able to untangle the confused account of Malalas and make use of such facts as are present. Now only a small part of the work can be used safely. [Debevoise (1938), p. xxxi]
 
Bibliography - Page 38

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