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Potter, David
"The Inscriptions on the Bronze Herakles from Mesene: Vologeses IV's War with Rome and the Date of Tacitus' Annales" (1991)
Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, 1991, vol. 88, p. 227ff.
 
Potts, Daniel T.
"Arabia and the kingdom of Characene" (1988)
In: Potts, Daniel T. (ed.), Araby the blest : studies in Arabian archaeology; Carsten Niebuhr Institute Pub. 7
Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press, 1988
 
The Arabian Gulf in antiquity, v. 2. From Alexander the Great to the coming of Islam (1990)
Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990
Abstract: See particularly chapters 5 & 6 , "North-Eastern Arabia during the Parthian and Sasanian Periods" and "South-Eastern Arabia from the Hellenistic to the Sasanian Period." There is much information on Parthian artifacts, but no specifically Parthian coins are reported. There are, however, a few coins of Characene, and numerous Hellenistic-style coins of local mints.
 
"The Parthian presence in the Arabian Gulf" (1996)
In: Reade, J. E. (ed.), The Indian Ocean in Antiquity
London: Kegan Paul International, 1996, p. 269-285.
Abstract: Published in association with the British Museum, London. This is the first published reference to the first Parthian coin known from the Arabian side of the Gulf.
 
"The Roman relationship with the Persicus sinus from the rise of Spasinou Charax (127 BC) to the reign of Shapur II (AD 309-379)" (1997)
In: Alcock, Susan E. (ed.), The Early Roman Empire in the East; Oxbow Monograph 95
Oxford: Oxbow Books, 1997, p. 89-107.
 
The Archaeology of Elam - Formation and Transformation of an Ancient Iranian State (1999)
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999
Abstract: Few of the major peoples of the ancient Near East have been as little studied as the Elamites, a disparate collection of people living in what is today southwestern Iran, and yet few had such an impact on the course of history from c. 2600 BC to the first centuries AD. As the first synthesis of Elamite archaeology to appear in English in over fifteen years, this volume will serve as a major resource for all scholars, students and laymen interested in the ancient Near East. [Amazon] Chapter 10, 'Elymais', concerns Parthia's role vis-a-vis Elymais / Susiana.

Chapter 10 has a very interesting synthesis, especially for the Hellenistic period. His chronology of kings is unfortunately very old (based upon Hill and de Morgan) and follows for the "Orodes" dynasty the arguable work of R. Vardanian.
 
"Five episodes in the history of Elymais, 145-124 B.C. : new data from the astronomical diaries" (2000)
In: Iran. Questions et connaissances. Actes du
Ive congrès européen des études iraniennes organisé par la Societas Iranologica Europaea Paris,
6-10 Septembre 1999, Vol. I: La période ancienne.
Paris: Studia Iranica, 2000, vol. 25, p. 343-356.
 
Before the Emirates: an Archaeological and Historical Account of Developments in the Region c. 5000 BC to 676 AD (2001)
In: Al Abed, Ibrahim & Hellyer, Peter (eds.), United Arab Emirates: A New Perspective
London: Trident Press, 2001, p. 28-70.
 
"Disposal of the Dead in Planquadrat U/V XVIII at Uruk: A Parthian Enigma" (2006)
Baghdader Mitteilungen, 2006, vol. 37, p. 267-278.
 
Potts, Daniel T., Al Naboodah, Hasan & Hellyer, Peter
Archaeology of the United Arab Emirates: Proceedings of the First Annual Conference on the Archaeology of the United Arab Emirates (2003)
2003
Abstract: This elegant publication presents the major results of 40 years of archaeological research in a series of papers by leaders in their respective fields. In so doing it provides a fascinating insight into the diverse, but little-known, history and heritage of the region. From the first signs of human occupation, in the Late Stone Age, to the copper-mining industry of the Bronze Age and its international trade links, to the short-lived existence of Christian communities before Islam, and then into the Islamic period with its far-flung commerce, the archaeologcial evidence of the UAE's place in the history of the region is clearly documented
 
Pourjavady, Nasrallah (ed.)
The Splendour of Iran, vol. 1. Ancient times (Prehistoric Iran, Elamite heritage, Aryan legacy, Imperial period, applied and decorative arts, courtly pastimes) (2001)
London: Booth-Clibborn Editions, 2001
 
Pourshariati, Parvaneh
Decline and Fall of the Sasanian Empire: The Sasanian-Parthian Confederacy and the Arab Conquest of Iran (2008)
London: I.B. Tauris, 2008
Abstract: Decline and Fall of the Sasanian Empire has already been praised as one of the most intellectually exciting books about ancient Persia to have been published for years. It proposes a convincing contemporary answer answer to an ages-old mystery and conundrum: why, in the seventh century CE, did the seemingly powerful and secure Sasanian empire of Persia succumb so quickly and disastrously to the all-conquering Arab armies of Islam? Offering an impressive appraisal of the Sasanians' nemesis at the hands of the Arab forces which scythed all before them, the author suggests a bold solution to the enigma. On the face of it, the collapse of the Sasanians--given their strength and imperial power in the earlier part of the century--looks startling and inexplicable. But Professor Pourshariati explains their fall in terms of an earlier corrosion and decline, and as a result of their own internal weaknesses. The decentralized dynastic system of the Sasanian empire, whose backbone was a Sasanian-Parthian alliance, contained the seeds of its own destruction. This confederacy soon became unstable, and its degeneration sealed the fate of a doomed dynasty. [Publisher]
 
Price, Martin J.
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum. The Lewis Collection in Corpus Christi College, Cambridge. Part I: The Greek and Hellenistic Coins (with Britain and Parthia) (1972)
In: Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum. Great Britain, Vol. 6
London: Oxford University Press, 1972
Abstract: 24 plates with facing pages describing each coin. Each plate accompanied by leaf with descriptive letterpress. Contents: v. 6. The Lewis collection in Corpus Christi College, Cambridge. pt. 1. The Greek and Hellenistic coins (with Britain and Parthia). pt. 2. The Greek Imperial coins. See reviews by P. Naster, Revue Belge de Numismatique et de Sillographie, vol. 119 (1973), pp. 198-199; Acta Numismatica, vol. 3 (1973), p. 308; B. Overbeck, Jahrbuch für Numismatik und Geldgeschichte, vol. 23 (1973), p. 163; Gh. Poenaru Bordea, Studii si Cercetari de Numismatica, vol. 7 (1980), pp. 200.
 
Priestman, Seth & Simpson, St. John (eds.)
Parthian, Sasanian and Early Islamic Pottery: dating, definition and distribution (2008)
2008
Abstract: Papers or abstracts from a specialist workshop at The British Museum. Organised by Seth Priestman & St John Simpson, Department of the Ancient Near East, The British Museum
 
Prime, W. C.
"Coins And Coinage" (1860)
Harper's New Monthly Magazine, 1860, vol. 20, no. 117 (Feb), p. 326-341.
Abstract: Profusley illustrated with examples, printed in double columns, disbound from Harper's New Monthly Magazine, Volume XX, February, 1860. The history of coins and coinage. Illus include Egyptian ring money, the staters of Miletus, Lydia, and Phocea, a silver coin of Caulonia, the drachma of Aegina, a silver coind of Alexander I, a drachma of Archelaus I, armlets, torques, and ring money of Britain, Roman copper money, coins of Philip of Macedon and Alexander the Great, Perseus, Attalus, Athens, Corinth, Mithridates, Antiochus, Pyrrius, Parthian, Ptolemy, Antony and Cleopatra, a Jewish Shekel, etc. Pre publication serial appearance.
 
Prinsep, Henry Thoby
Historical results from Bactrian coins and other discoveries in Afghanistan / based on the note books and the coin-cabinet of James Prinsep, as edited by H. T. Prinsep (1844)
Chicago: Ares, 1974, iv+124 p.
Abstract: Reprint. Originally published as: Notes on the historical results deducible from recent discoveries in Afghanistan / by H.T. Prinsep (London : W. H. Allen, 1844).
 
Prinsep, James
"On the Greek Coins in the Cabinet of the Asiatic Society" (1858)
In: Thomas, Edward, Essays on Indian antiquities, historic, numismatic, and palœographic, of the late James Prinsep, to which are added his useful tables, illustrative of Indian history, chronology, modern coinages, weights, measures, etc. Vol 1
London: 1858, p. 7-22.
Abstract: A heavily edited and amended series of articles from the notebooks of Prinsep. This section has a short catalog of eight Parthian coins, with interesting discussion of the early authorities and their attributions of these coins.
 
Prokesch-Osten, Baron A. von
"Beiträge zu den Münzen der Arsaciden" (1869)
Numismatische Zeitschrift, 1869, vol. 1, p. 255-256.
 
Les Monnaies des Rois Parthes de la collection de M. le Comte Prokesch-Osten (1874)
In: Mémoires de la Société Française de Numismatique et d'Archéologie - Section d'Attributions Numismatiques
Paris: Société Francaise de Numismatique et d'Archéologie, 1874, 82+(2) p.
Abstract: Cited by Wroth (BMC Parthia) as published Paris, 1874-1875.

"Prokesch-Osten's book describes the coins in his own fine collection, now in the Berlin museum. It is an indispensible catalogue, though printed (and possibly compiled) in the most careless fashion." -- Wroth (BMC Parthia, xiv)

Also, see the Markoff supplements:
Markoff, Alexis de. Les Monnaies des Rois Parthes. Supplement a l'ouvrage de M. le comte Prokesch-Osten. In 2 fasicules. Paris: C. van Peteghem (1877).
 
Prokisch, Bernhard
Die antiken iranischen Munzen des Oberosterreichischen Landesmuseums (1987)
In: Jahrbuch des Oberosterreichischen Musealvereines (Gesellschaft fur Landeskunde), 132 Pt. 1
Linz: 1987, p. 7-37.
Abstract: Iranian coins (121 Arsacid, 8 Sassanid) from the Landesmuseum's Munzsammlung are shown in 1:1 photographs and are cited according to standard references (Sellwood, von Petrowicz, Wroth and Gobl). (Lawrence Okamura)
 
Provasi, Elio A.
"Seals with Pahlavi Inscriptions from the Nayeri Collection" (1975)
East and West, 1975, tome/ser. New, vol. 25, no. 3-4, p. 427-433.
 
Provenzali, A.
"La figura infantile nella prima arte gandharica: modelli e corrispondenze significanti" (2005)
Parthica, 2005, vol. 7
 
Ptolemy
Asiae Tabula quinta continentur Assyria, Media, Susiana, Persis, Parthia, Carmania deserta, & Hyrcanai (Laurent Fries' reduced version of Martin Waldseemüller's map of Persia according to Ptolemy; text on verso) (1541)
In: Ptolemaios, Geographie
Vienna: 1541, 1 p.
Abstract: Vienna, 1541. 30 x 40.5 - 46.5 cm, finely coloured by a later hand, a few very small sewing-holes in center-fold, otherwise excellent. Martin Waldseemüller (1470-1521) drew the maps for the 1513 and 1520 editions of Ptolemy's ' Geographia'. They were revised and reduced by Laurent Fries and used for the ' Geography' editions of 1522 and 1525 (Strassburg), 1535 (Lyon) and 1541 (Vienna).
 
Pucci Ben-Zeev, Marina (Miriam)
"Studies in Josephus; history and apologetics" (1983)
Jerusalem Cathedra, 1983, vol. 3, p. 13-25.
Abstract: Translated from the Hebrew. Jewish-Parthian relations in Josephus.
 
Puchala, Donald J.
Colonisation and Cultural Resistance: Egypt and Iran after Alexander (2002)
In: Volume 16, Number 1 / January 01, 2002
Global Society, 2002, vol. 16, no. 1 (Jan), p. 7-30.
 
Pugachenkova, G. A.
"Arkhitekturnye pamiatniki Nisy" [Architectural monuments of Nisa] (1949)
In: TIUTAKE (Trudy IUzhno-Turkmenistanskoi arkheologicheskoi kmpleksnoi ekspeditsii) [Southern Turkmenistan Archeological Complex Expedition], vol. 1
1949, p. 239-240.
 
[Architectural monuments of Nisa] (1951-1953)
Vestnik Drevnei Istorii, 1951, no. 4, p. 185ff.
Abstract: Series of articles in vol. 1951, no. 4, p. 185f and vol. 1953, no. 3, p. 159f.
 
"Parfianskie kreposti IUzhnogo Turkmenistana" [Parthian fortresses of southern Turkmenistan] (1952)
Vestnik Drevnei Istorii, 1952, vol. 1952, no. 2, p. 215-225.
 
"O pantsirnom vooruzhenii parfyanskogo i baktriiskogo voinstva" (1966)
Vestnik Drevnei Istorii, 1966, no. 2, p. 34-35.
Abstract: Sources for the study of Parthian arms and armour.
 
Khalchayan (1966)
Tashkent: 1966
Abstract: Cited by Susan Downey in Encyclopaedia Iranica article, "Art in Iran VI. Parthia", p. 585.
 
Iskusstvo Turkmenistana: Ocherk s drevneishikh vremen do 1917 g (1967)
Moscow: 1967
Abstract: Details the Large Square Building excavations at Nisa.
 
"Tron Mitridata I iz parfjanskoj Nisy" (1969)
Vestnik Drevnei Istorii, 1969, vol. 1969, no. 1, p. 161-171.
 
"K interpretatsii i tipologii nekotorykh arkhitekturnykh pamiatnikov Merva i Nisy" [On the interpretation and typology of several architectural monuments of Merv and Nisa] (1978)
In: TIUTAKE (Trudy IUzhno-Turkmenistanskoi arkheologicheskoi kmpleksnoi ekspeditsii) [Southern Turkmenistan Archeological Complex Expedition], vol. 16
1978, p. 19-21.
Abstract: Defense of the author's opinions as to the purpose of the Square Hall and other buildings at Nisa.
 
"Puti razvitiia arkhitektury IUzhnogo Turkmenistana pory rabovladeniia i feodalizma" (1978)
In: TIUTAKE (Trudy IUzhno-Turkmenistanskoi arkheologicheskoi kmpleksnoi ekspeditsii) [Southern Turkmenistan Archeological Complex Expedition], vol. 7
Moscow: 1978, p. 78-109.
Abstract: Details the Large Square Building excavations at Nisa.
 
Pugachenkova, G. A. & Rempel, L. I.
"Gold from Tillia-tepe" (1991)
Bulletin of the Asia Institute, 1991, tome/ser. New, vol. 5
Abstract: The authors' reconstruction of the political history of western Bactria as well as the dating of the famous gold objects from Tillia-tepe is supported by coin finds from burials at the site at Shihbarghan, northern Afghanistan. Among the five coins recovered are two Parthian silver coins dating to the reign of Mithridates II (123-88 B.C.) and that of Phraates IV (38-2 B.C.), the latter found in the mouth of the deceased. A gold coin found in the hand of the same corpse is a local imitation of first-century B.C. Parthian coins, a Tiberius (A.D. 16-29) aureus , and an Indian coin probably also of the first century A.D. complete the coin inventory.
 
Pulleyblank, Edwin G.
"Chinese-Iranian relations. i. In Pre-Islamic times" (1992)
In: Yarshater, Ehsan (ed.), Encyclopaedia Iranica, vol. V
1992, p. 424-431.
 
"The Roman Empire as known to Han China" (1999)
Journal of the American Oriental Society, 1999, vol. 119
 
Puschnigg, Gabriele
"Hellenistic echoes in Parthian Merv: transformation and adaptation in the ceramic repertoire" (2008)
Parthica, 2008, vol. 10
 
P''yankov, I. V.
Sredniaia Aziia v antichnoi geograficheskoi traditsii (1997)
1997
Abstract: See review: Olbrycht, M. J., Vestnik Drevnei Istorii 2003, 1, 164-171
 
Quet, Marie-Henriette
Éloge par Aelius Aristide des co-empereurs Marc Aurèle et Lucius Vérus, à l'issue de la guerre contre les Parthes (2002)
Journal des savants, 2002, no. Jan-Jun
 
Quinnell, A.
"Persian Coins" (1939)
In: Ancient and Medieval Coins: Selections from The Numismatist.
Racine: Whitman Publishing Co., 1960, p. 181-184.
Abstract: Reprinted from The Numismatist, Nov 1939.
 
"Parthians and their Coins" (1948-1949)
New Zealand Numismatic Journal, 1948, vol. 5, no. 1 (Oct-Dec), p. 11-16.
Abstract: Series continued in New Zealand Numismatic Journal, vol. 5, no. 2 (Jan-Jun, 1949), pp. 52-55.
 
Radzhabli, A. M. & Golenko, Konstantin
"Le trésor d'Ali Bairamlli et la circulation des monnaies parthes en Transcaucasie" (1975)
Vestnik Drevnei Istorii, 1975, p. 71-93.
 
Rahbar, Mehdi
"Shushtar -- Les tombeaux d'époque Parthe de Gelâlak" (1999)
In: Boucharlat, Rémy (ed.), Empires Perses d'Alexandre aux Sassanides
Dossiers d'Archeologie, 1999, no. 243, p. 90-93.
Abstract: La ville de Shushtar occupe une situation privilégiée sur le Karoun, le plus grand fleuve d'Iran, à sa sortie des Monts Zagros. En amont de la ville moderne, le Karoun se divise en deux branches, le Shoteyteh et le Gargar, qui se rejoignent 40 km en aval. L'île ainsi formée est appelée Miyan-Ab (l'entre rivières). Elle est formée d'alluvions très fertiles mais difficiles à exploiter par simple dérivation des eaux des deux bras, car le niveau des terres se trouve beaucoup plus haut que le lit des deux rivières.
 
"Khorheh, une résidence Parthe sur le plateau Iranien" (1999)
In: Boucharlat, Rémy (ed.), Empires Perses d'Alexandre aux Sassanides
Dossiers d'Archeologie, 1999, no. 243, p. 44-46.
Abstract: Khorheh est un village situé sur la bordure occidentale du Plateau iranien, à 80 km au sud-ouest de la ville sainte de Qom. Il est dans une petite vallée un peu à l'écart d'une route caravanière autrefois importante. Entre des montagnes qui dépassent 2000 m d'altitude, les terres agricoles sont irriguées par une petite rivière et quelques qanâts (galeries drainantes souterraines). Au nord du village, le site ancien se repère aisément par deux colonnes ioniques toujours debout.
 
"Découverte de panneaux de stucs Sassanides à Dargaz" (1999)
In: Boucharlat, Rémy (ed.), Empires Perses d'Alexandre aux Sassanides
Dossiers d'Archeologie, 1999, no. 243, p. 62-65.
 
"Sevvomīn faṣl kāvoš-hā-ye bāstānšenāsī-ye Ḫorhe" [Archaeological Excavations at Khorhe] (2003/1382)
In: Moʽāvenat-e pažūhešī-ye sāzemān-e mīrāṯ-e farhangī-ye kešvar, modīriyat-e mīrāṯ-e farhangī-ye ostān-e Markazī
2003, 192 p.
Abstract: English summary, pp. 181-188.

Site emblématique de la période séleucide en Iran, Khorheh, au sud-ouest de Qom, qui dresse encore deux colonnes à chapiteau ionique fut l’un des premiers sites archéologiques photographié par des Iraniens au 19e s. Herzfeld voulut y voir un temple à Dionysos d’époque séleucide, hypothèse longtemps acceptée, mais mise en doute par P. Bernard qui le reconnaissait comme d’époque parthe.

Une première campagne de fouilles par A. Hakemi en 1956, publiée seulement en 1990, rectifia des détails d’architecture ; le fouilleur y reconnut non pas un temple mais une riche demeure. D’un auteur à l’autre (Herzfeld, Hakemi, Kleiss), on comparera les plans reconstitués. L’A. y conduit de nouvelles recherches depuis 1996 et livre un rapport sur la première saison seulement. Celle-ci permet déjà de rectifier le plan : le portique possède une, et non pas deux, rangée de colonnes (le plan fig. 15 est cependant faux, à remplacer par celui de la fig. 19 ou 20), lesquelles dérivent du modèle ionique, mais en le transformant. Le plan intérieur est également rectifié (comparer fig. 13 et 20 p. 116). M.R. date définitivement le bâtiment de l’époque parthe, par la céramique la plus ancienne ; il fut utilisé à l’époque sassanide avec de légères modifications, avant que le site ne soit transformé en cimetière vers le 15e s. de l’ère chrétienne. [Rémy Boucharlat, Abstracta Iranica [En ligne], Volume 26, mis en ligne le : 8 décembre 2005. http://abstractairanica.revues.org/document3488.html]
 
"The discovery of a Tower of Silence of the Sasanian period at Bandiyan: some observations on dakhma burials in the Zoroastrian doctrine" (2004)
In: Symposium: After Alexander: Central Asia Before Islam. Themes in the history and Archaeology of Western Central Asia
The British Academy, London, 23-25 June 2004
2004
Abstract: Bandiyan, Dargaz, in the north of Khorasan, is one of the most important Sasanian period sites discovered in recent years. There are three small tepes, each with a height of not more than 4-5 m. situated within a short distances of each other. Last year we worked on the middle site and found an elaborate fire temple with beautiful stucco decoration in the (reception) hall. On the basis of a Middle Persian inscription found there, this fire temple belonged to a 'dastgird'.

Site B, situated about 30 m. to the south-west of the fire temple, has been excavated since 2002. Here a circular tower was discovered with a diameter of 20 m. and a height of 3 m. built of chineh. On top of the tower there were further constructions. In the centre of the tower, there is a circular space with a diameter of 5.40m, the remaining space beyond is divided into three parts. Around one of these spaces were lime plaster benches, 10-15 cm. high and 50 cm. wide. The floor of this area was also made of lime plaster. A cistern about 80 cm. deep was dug in the centre of this space. There were three 'water' channels 1-2 m. in length sloping slightly towards the cistern. The body of the cistern and the water channels were covered with lime plaster. The fact that the water flow was restricted, an obstruction on one side, and the thin lime plaster on the inside of the well all rule out the suggestion that the cistern was used for collecting rain water. Although no bones and similar objects were found here, it had a religious significance rather than an everyday purpose. We shall consider the later period Zoroastrian Towers of Silence in Yazd and Kerman, as well as burial types of the Parthian and Sasanian periods and compare them with the Tower of Silence at Bandiyan, which reflects a stage in the development of such architecture.

We regard this tower as being contemporary with a Sasanian period building on top of the ruins of the fire temple. [Author]
 
Rajak, Tessa
"The Parthians in Josephus" (1996)
In: Wiesehöfer, Josef (ed.), Das Partherreich und seine Zeugnisse - The Arsacid Empire : Sources and Documentation. Beiträge des Internationalen Colloquiums, Eutin (27.-30. Juni 1996). Historia-Einzelschriften, 122
Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 1998, p. 309-324.
 
Bibliography - Page 49

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