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Bibliography Page 57

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Seligman, C. G.
"The Roman Orient and the Far East" (1935)
Antiquity, 1937, vol. 11, p. 5-30.
Abstract: The Lloyd-Roberts Lecture for the year 1935, delivered before the Royal College of Physicians. Brief mentions of Parthians, mostly ignores their importance, as is often typical of writers of the period.
 
Sellwood, David
A New Overview of the Parthian Coinage : A video produced by the British Association of Numismatic Societies
London: British Association of Numismatic Societies
 
"The Parthian coins of Gotarzes I, Orodes I, and Sinatruces" (1962)
Numismatic Chronicle, 1962, tome/ser. 7, vol. 2, p. 73-89.
Abstract: "In presenting a revised listing of the kings of the Arsacid kingdom, Sellwood replaces Artabanus II with Gotarzes I and Orodes I. Wroth's series of Artabanus II coins (BMC Parthia) are given to Gotarzes, and his Sinatruces coins to Orodes. To Sinatruces are assigned the issues which Wroth placed tentatively under the name of Phraates III." [F. Campbell, NL 70]
 
"Wroth's unknown Parthian king" (1965)
Numismatic Chronicle, 1965, tome/ser. 7, vol. 5, p. 113-135.
Abstract: In BMC Parthia Wroth postulated an Unknown King reigning before 57 B.C. Drachm monograms and other evidence are used to vindicate Wroth's theories and a tentative identification is made with Darius of Media Atropatene, an opponent of Pompey. The relevance of data from Susa is also considered. [Author]
 
"The Parthian dark ages in the light of 'Susa' " (1967)
Numismatic Circular, 1967, vol. 75, no. 11, p. 293-294.
 
"A die engraver sequence for later Parthian drachms" (1967)
Numismatic Chronicle, 1967, tome/ser. 7, vol. 7, p. 13-28.
Abstract: The probable chronological sequence of the main engravers of the reverse dies of Parthian drachms from A.D. 12-150 is established. From this follow certain re-attributions of the associated obverse die types; thus most of the drachms given by Wroth to Gotarzes II are placed earlier. Reference is also made to the new readings of the later Pahlavi legends. [Author] See review by A. M. Guardán, Gaceta Numismatica, No. 11 (Dec 1968), p. 21.

Absolutely essential reading for an understanding of the assignment of the drachms to the various Parthian kings, and the details to look for when studying these coins.
 
"The Parthian New Year" (1968)
Numismatic Circular, 1968, vol. 76, no. 5 (May), p. 155-156.
Abstract: The evidence for the Parthian calendar is reviewed, and the conclusion reached that ca. A.D. 80, the official year of the Parthian mint at Seleucia commenced in the autumn.
 
"Parthian Drachms - A Concordance of Attributions" (1968)
In: Malter, Joel L. (ed.), The Coinage of Parthia
San Diego, CA: Malter-Westerfield Pub. Co., 1968, p. 83-84.
Abstract: This is a two page chart which corrolates the Parthian issues as cataloged by Gardner, Wroth (B.M.C. Parthia), Petrowicz and Sellwood, as of 1968.
 
"A currently emerging Parthian hoard" (1968)
Numismatic Circular, 1968, vol. 76, no. 12 (Dec), p. 371.
Abstract: A dispersed hoard recently appearing on the market includes drachms of Alexander the Great and Parthian drachms, some of them previously unknown types, of the king Arsaces.
 
"A small hoard of Parthian drachms of the first Century B.C." (1969)
Seaby's coin and medal bulletin, 1969, vol. 7, no. 611 (Jul), p. 227-232.
Abstract: Discusses 57 Parthian coins from what is probably part of a hoard from eastern Iran in 1968. Seven types and their variants are discussed with 7 coins illustrated.
 
"A Novel Solution to a Parthian Mint Dilemma" (1970)
SAN (Journal of the Society for Ancient Numismatics), 1970, vol. 2, no. 3-4 (Spring), p. 46-47.
Abstract: Apparent alteration of previously struck coins by Parthian mint officials provides new light on mint techniques. [L. E. Beauchaine]
 
"Some politic alterations in the Parthian series" (1971)
In: Carson, R. A. G. (ed.), Mints, dies and currency: Essays dedicated to the memory of Albert Baldwin
London: Methuen, 1971, p. 33-37.
Abstract: Sellwood looks at changes in drachm dies (types 34 and 42), where symbols have been changed in order to assimilate the coins to other issues. He also includes some die alterations of the later period. [Mørkholm, "Greece to India", 1979]
 
"Parthian Drachms: A Concordance of Attributions by David Sellwood" (1971)
Journal of Numismatic Fine Arts, 1971, vol. 1, no. 2 (Feb-Mar), p. -27.
Abstract: Concordance of Gardner, BMC Parthia, Petrowicz, and Sellwood. A reprint of the concordance included in Gardner's The Coinage of Parthia Malter reprint (1968). This copy is typeset to appear on one page.
 
Record of the Parthian Coinage (1971)
San Diego, CA: Malter-Westerfield Pub. Co., 1971, 1 p.
Abstract: One page chart, 23x28 inches, comparing and identifying the Parthian coin types. Includes dynastic genealogy chart and references to the Sellwood (1971) coin types.
 
"Deux notes sur les drachmes arsacides" (1971)
Revue Numismatique, 1971, tome/ser. 6, vol. 13, p. 154-159.
Abstract: Also seen referenced as "Deux notes sur la monnayage Parthe", same journal and pagination.
Sellwood deals with the monograms appearing on drachm issues appearing from Type 35 (Sellwood 1971) onwards. He also deals with an early drachm (Sellwood 1971 Type 10/13), on the reverse of which occurs the inscription "Mened...". This is hardly a geographical name as Sellwood maintains, but the name of an official, although it is admittedly placed in a very prominent position. [Mørkholm, "Greece to India", 1979]

Online at http://www.persee.fr/articleAsPDF/numi_0484-8942_1971_num_6_13_1013/article_numi_0484-8942_1971_num_6_13_1013.pdf
 
"The Mint-Towns of Parthia" (1972)
In: The Memorial Volume of the VIth International Congress of Iranian Art and Archaeology, Oxford, September 11-16, 1972
Tehran: 1976, p. 293-298.
 
"A Parthian overstrike" (1972)
Journal of Numismatic Fine Arts, 1972, vol. 1, no. 7 (Spring), p. 128-129.
Abstract: An overstrike of Gotarzes II (c. A.D. 40-51) on an Artabanus II (c. A.D. 10-38) is discussed.
 
"Parthian Mints" (1975)
Journal of Numismatic Fine Arts, 1975, vol. 4, no. (Nov), p. 57-60.
 
Fixed price list (1975)
Journal of Numismatic Fine Arts, 1975, vol. 4, no. 1 (Aug)
Abstract: Ten parthian coins are illustrated
 
"The drachms of the Parthian Dark Age" (1976)
Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, 1976, vol. 1976, no. 1, p. 2-25.
Abstract: Sellwood attempts to establish the sequence of issues by means of a stylistic analysis of the drachm reverses and the identification of the hands of various die engravers. He also deals with the monograms appearing on drachm issues appearing from Type 35 (Sellwood 1971) onwards. He had earlier tackled the same problem in "Deux notes sur le drachmes arsacides" (1971), and in "Parthian Mints" (1975). [Mørkholm, "Greece to India", 1979]

But in 1990, Mørkholm says, "The identifications with Ecbatana, Rhagae, Nisa and the travelling 'Court' mint seem extremely plausible. Mithradatkart, the citadel of Nisa, is a more dubious attribution, and the ascriptions of coins to lessar mints pf Laodicea, Knokobar, Artemita, and Susa are extremely doubtful. The same applies to the proposed mints in the districts of Margiane, Traxiane, and Areia, which is based only on the precedent of the district names on S.30/15 to 30/17." [Mørkholm, "The Parthian Coinage of Seleucia on the Tigris, c.90-55 B.C.", Num Chron 7/20, 1980]
 
"Dies which were used in the ancient world" (1976)
In: Cahn, Herbert A. & Le Rider, Georges (eds.), Proceedings of the 8th International Congress of Numismatics, New York-Washington, September 1973
Paris: Association internationale des Numismates professionnels, 1976, p. 371ff.
 
"The ancient Near East" (1980)
In: Price, Martin J. (ed.), Coins: An Illustrated Survey, 650 B.C. to the Present Day
New York: Methuen, 1980, p. 251-257.
Abstract: Coinage of Parthia, Elymais, Characene, Nabetea, and other ancient Near Eastern kingdoms.
 
An Introduction to the Coinage of Parthia (1980)
London: Spink and Son, 1980, 2 ed., 322 p.
Abstract: A revision to his 1st ed. (1971) which is no longer used. The authoritative reference. A brief biography of each monarch with major changes from the previously accepted attributions. Lists 93 Parthian coin types illustrated with line drawings instead of photographs, but does have 10 excellent plates of 151 coins. Handwritten text and line drawings.

The second edition corrects and adds to the material given in the first, and includes a list of the autonomous city coinages which may reflect mint practices relevant to contemporary regal issues. [Houghton, "Syria and the East", 1986]

In his criticism of the original 1971 edition, Mørkholm said "The attributions to different kings are not argued in detail, but represent the results obtained by Sellwood himself and other Parthian specialists during recent years. However, it should be noted that quite a few of the attributions in the early period before the reign of Orodes II are still open to debate." [Mørkholm, "Greece to India", 1979]

None-the-less, Sellwood presents the first comprehensive treatment of the whole since the appearance of Wroth's BMC catalog. See reviews of first edition: A. McNair, Numismatist, vol. 84, no. 7 (Jul 1971), pp. 998-999; Numismatic Circular, vol. 79, no. 6 (Jun 1971), p. 246; A. McNair, Numismatic Circular, vol. 79, no. 9 (Sep 1971), p. 322; Coins, Incorporating Coins & Medals, vol. 8, no. 11 (Nov 1971), p. 35; B. Kapossy, Schweizer Münzblätter, vol. 22, no. 85 (Feb 1972), pp. 28-29; W. J. Fleming, Report of the Australian Numismatic Society (Oct 1971), pp. 54-55; J. C. Brindley, Numismatic Circular vol. 81, no. 2 (Feb 1973), pp. 52-53; B. Kapossy, Numismatic Circular, vol. 80, no. 5 (May 1972), p. 193. Reviews of second (1980) edition: O. Mørkholm, Numismatic Chronicle, Vol 142 (1982), pp. 214-216; E. Soczewinski BN Nos. 3-4 (March-April 1984) pp. 52-55; Melinda Torbagyi Numizmatikai Kozlony (Magyar Numizmatikai Tarsulat, Budapest, Hungary), Vol. 82-83 (1983-1984) p. 125.
 
"Minor States in Southern Iran" (1983)
In: Yarshater, E. (ed.), The Cambridge History of Iran. The Seleucid, Parthian and Sasanian Periods, vol. 3, part 1
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983, p. 299-321.
Abstract: Part II, Numismatics, Chapter 8(b) by Sellwood has 3 plates of 39 Persis and Elymais coins, and 2 plates of ten Characene coins. Text explains Parthian influence on these coins.
 
"Parthian Coins" (1983)
In: Yarshater, E. (ed.), The Cambridge History of Iran. The Seleucid, Parthian and Sasanian Periods, vol. 3, part 1
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983, p. 279-298.
Abstract: Part II, Numismatics, Chapter 8(a) by Sellwood has 9 plates of 111 Parthian coins. Five additional Parthian coins are included on plate facing p. 1050 in Vol 3(II).
 
"New Parthian Coin Types" (1989)
Numismatic Chronicle, 1989, vol. 149, p. 162-168.
Abstract: A recent hoard, apparently from the neighborhood of Shiraz, consisted mainly of diobols of the princes of Persis. Included were some previously unknown Parthian types, mostly of the same denomination. Some of these bear in Greek the title "lord" not "king" but reasons are given for associating them with Arsacid rulers of the period AD 70-120. [Author]
 
"The end of the Parthian dynasty" (1990)
Spink Numismatic Circular, 1990, vol. 98, no. 5 (Jun), p. 157.
 
"Parthian Gold Coins" (1991)
In: Hackens, T. et al (eds.), Proceedings of the XIth International Numismatic Congress, vol. 1 (Brussels, 8-13 Sep 1991)
Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium: Association Professeur Marcel Hoc, 1993, p. 295-98.
Abstract: A group of 316 gold coins are discussed and declared authentic in view of the numbers found, weight and denomination, fineness and trace element content, fabric, engraving and striking technique, design, legend and historical context. Included are 254 large coins of 7.91g average weight, 36 coins of 2.64g average weight, and 26 small coins of 1.33g average weight. Sellwood believes the large coins to be equivalent to the Roman aureus of that time,and the small coins to have been intended to circulate as tetradrachms. Six gold coins are pictured.
 
"Trade routes through Parthia" (1991)
In: Jha, Amal Kumar (ed.), Coinage, trade and economy: The 3rd International Colloquim, 8-11 January 1991. Indian Institute of Research in Numismatic Studies.
1991, p. 23-27.
 
"Parthian Mint Operations" (1993)
In: Price, Martin J., Burnett, A. & Bland, R. (eds.), Essays in Honour of Robert Carson and Kenneth Jenkins
London: 1993, p. 101-105.
Abstract: The author discusses the evidence for the techniques used for striking coins in the Parthian kingdom. (Roger Bland)
 
"A hoard from Eastern Parthia by H. Koch" (book review) (1993)
Numismatic Chronicle, 1993, vol. 153, p. 311-312.
Abstract: Book review.
 
"The 'Victory' Drachms of Phraates IV" (1995-1996)
American Journal of Numismatics, 1995, tome/ser. 2, no. 7-8, p. 75-81.
 
"Parthians and Scythians" (1998)
In: Jha, Amal Kumar & Garg, Sanjay (eds.), Ex Moneta : Essays on Numismatics, History and Archaeology in honour of Dr. David W. MacDowall, vol. 1, chap. 8.
New Delhi: Harman Publishing House, 1998, p. 97-102.
Abstract: Discusses the history and a previously unpublished obol of Phraates II, and a bronze "drachm" of Mithradates II with an unusual radiate crown on the onverse and a reverse which has Nike walking right bearing a wreath. Combined with two drachms with possible Mithradatkart monograms, Sellwood offers that Mithradates was, at the start of his reign, still dependent on Greeks in his army for expelling the Sakas.
 
"A Die Count for a Group of Parthian Drachms" (1998)
In: Ashton, Richard & Hurter, Silvia, Studies In Greek Numismatics In Memory of Martin Jessop Price (in association with Georges Le Rider and Roger Bland)
London: Spink and Son, 1998, p. 317-320.
 
"A Remarkable Offering of Early Parthian Tetradrachms" (2002)
In: Sale Catalog -- Triton V, 15-16 Jan 2002, Session 2-4
Lancaster, Pa: Classical Numismatic Group, 2002, vol. 2, 118 p.
Abstract: Cataloging notes for 298 early Parthian tetradrachms, presumably from the 1999 Babylonia hoard. Sixty-one of the tetradrachms are illustrated.
 
Sellwood, David & Simonetta, Alberto M.
"Notes on the Coinage and History of the Arsacids from the Advent of Orodes II to the End of the Reign of Phraates IV" (2006)
Quaderni Ticinesi, 2006, vol. 35, p. 283-315.
 
Seltman, Charles T.
Greek coins; a history of metallic currency and coinage down to the fall of the Hellenistic kingdoms (1955)
In: Methuen's handbooks of archaeology
London: Methuen, 1955, 2 ed., xxvi+311 p.
 
Senior, R.C.
"The coinage of the Indo-Scythians and Indo-Parthians" (1973)
In: Oriental Numismatic Society, Information Sheet no. 7 (Nov. 1973)
1973, 7 + 11 pp p.
 
"Indo-Scythic and Indo-Parthian Coin Hoards" (1987)
Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter, 1987, no. 107 (Jul-Aug), p. 4-5.
Abstract: The author tabulates the varieties of some 4,000 drachms of Azes II from the Mir Zakah hoard, and the contents of 3 other hoards of similar material from Mir Zakah, Chach and Taxila. (Stan Goron)
 
"Indo-Scythian and Indo-Parthian Coin Hoards - Part 2" (1988)
Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter, 1988, no. 115 (Nov-Dec), p. 3-5.
Abstract: The author discusses a hoard of 99 tetradrachms and 388 drachms found near Chakadaru in Swat. The hoard shows the development of the post-Azes II coinage and its relationship beside the Indo-Parthian coinage of the Gondopharids. (Stan Goron)
 
"Victorious Indo-Parthians" (1988)
Numismatic Circular, 1988, vol. 96, no. 10 (Dec), p. 312-313.
 
"The Gondopharid Countermark" (1989)
In: Numismatic Circular vol. 97 No. 1 (Feb. 1989)
Spink Numismatic Circular, 1989, p. 3.
Abstract: A countermark on Parthian issues of Orodes II and Phraates IV is discussed. (Edward Besly)
 
"Indo-Parthian Problems" (1989)
Numismatic Circular, 1989, vol. 97, no. 7 (Sep), p. 220-222.
 
"An Arsacid prince resurfaces again after 2,000 years" (1991)
The Celator, 1991, vol. 5 (Oct), no. 10, p. 18.
 
"New chronology established for the coinage of Gondophares, who met St. Thomas in India" (1991)
The Celator, 1991, vol. 5, no. 9 (Sep), p. 16-18.
 
"More Gondophares, Less Azes and Just Who Met St. Thomas" (1991)
In: Oriental Numismatic Society, Occasional Paper no. 25 (June 1991)
1991, p. 1-12.
 
"Parthian - King Otannes passes away aged 92" (1992)
Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter, 1992, no. 133
 
"A new look at some Indo-Parthian coins" (1993)
Numismatic Circular, 1993, vol. 101, no. 10 (Dec), p. 351-354.
 
"Indo-Parthian - coming and going" (1994)
Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter, 1994, no. 139
 
Bibliography - Page 57

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