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Senior, R.C. (continued)
Coinage and Trade in Eastern Arabia c. 100 BC - AD 100 (1994)
Somerset, U.K.: Privately printed, 1994
Abstract: Contains several coins found in SE Arabia which may indicate Parthian trade relations. Coins of Seleucia on the Tigris, Charax, Persis, and Indo-Parthian Afghanistan are illustrated.
"Parthian - die engravers" (1996)
Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter, 1996, no. 149
From Gondophares to Kanishka (1997)
Somerset [England]: R. Senior, 1997, 33 p.
Abstract: "Private publication limited to 200 copies" -- (prelim.)Includes bibliographical references.
See review: F. Widemann: ONS Newsletter #156, 1998
Indo-Scythian Coins and History (2001)
In: 3 volumes
Lancaster, PA: Classical Numismatic Group, 2001, 2001 p.
Abstract: Vol. 1. An Analysis of the Coinage, 232 pp.
Vol. 2. The Illustrated Catalogue of of Indo-Scythian and Indo-Parthian Coins, 270 pp.
Vol. 3. The 'Easy Finder' Catalogue of Types, Monograms and Letters appearing on Indo-Scythian and Indo-Parthian Coins, 90 pp.
[Vol. 4 supplement entitled Indo-Scythian Coins and History: Additional Coins and Hoards; the Sequences of Indo-Greek and Indo-Scythian Kings was published in 2006]

Over a period of 40 years R. C. Senior amassed the largest and most comprehensive collection of this series ever made and it contains over 90% of all the known coin types. RCS has written many articles on these coins and for nearly a decade has been working on a catalogue and history of the coinage. In December 1998 the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford was enabled to acquire the entire collection which, together with their existing collection of Bactrian and Indo-Greek coins, makes the Museum the leader in the study of ancient oriental coinages of north-western India. [Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter]

In total, the Senior Collection comprises 5,600 coins and among them are the following:

Sanabares? drachms 76
Pakores 97
Vonones group 144
Later Indo-Parthian 55
c/m Parthian etc. 57
Parthian 98
Sanabares 8
"Some unpublished ancient coins" (2002)
Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter, 2002, no. 170 (winter), p. 14-19.
Abstract: Includes a local "Theopator" Parthian issue bearing a monogram Alpho-Rho, a variant of Indo-Scythian Coins and History, no. 201.D.
Indo-Scythian Coins and History: Volume IV Supplement, Additional Coins and Hoards; the Sequences of Indo-Greek and Indo-Scythian Kings (2006)
Lancaster, PA: Classical Numismatic Group, 2006, lv + 152 p.
Abstract: Includes in-text illustrations and plates, charts, and monogram tables.
"A Few More New Indo-Greek and Indo-Scythian Discoveries" (2008)
Journal of the Oriental Numismatic Society, 2008, no. 195 (Spring), p. 14-17.
Abstract: Item 10 is a hemidrachm or triobol (ca. 2.15 g) of Mithradates I.
Serena Fava, Anna
"Museo Civico di Torino" (1971-1972)
Annali. Istituto Italiano di Numismatica, 1974, p. 301-302.
Abstract: A silver coin of Vologases III and other coins in the museum are discussed.
Sestini, Domenico
Descrizione delle medaglie antiche greche del Mvseo hedervariano : Parte Terza - Le descrizione delle medaglie dei re d'Egitto fino ai re della Mavritania, con tvtte le provincie intermedie dell'Africa (1829)
In: Hédervár Museum, Descrizione di molte medaglie antiche greche esistenti in più musei, comprese in 41. tavole inoise in rame e distribuite secondo il sistema geografico numismatico per Domenico Sestini
Abstract: [pt.4] Le descrizione delle medaglie dei re d'Egitto fino ai re della Mavritania, con tvtte le provincie intermedie dell'Africa

Lists acquisitions of the museum since the publication of its catalog in Vienna, 1814
Seton-Williams, Marjory Veronica
Les Trésors de Babylone (1981)
Paris: Éditions Princesse, 1981, 215 p.
Abstract: Avec 170 Planches en couleurs. Table des matières: Chronologie, carte, la préhistoire, Uruk, Sumer, la période akkadienne et néo-babylonienne, séleucides et Parthes.
Babylonien: Kunstschätze zwischen Euphrat und Tigris (1981)
Hamburg: Hoffmann und Campe, 1981, 215 p.
Abstract: Mit Zeittafel und Landkarte. Prähistorische Zeit, Zeitalter von Uruk, Sumerisches Zeitalter, Akkadische und Neusumerische Zeit, Altbabylonische Zeit, Assyrisches Zeitalter, Neubabylonische Zeit, Seleukiden und Parther [Publisher]
Settle, Matthew
"Crassus, Rich Man, Poor Man" (2004)
In: Settle, Matthew, Decisive Battles (TV series from History Channel)
History Channel, 2004
Abstract: The richest man in Rome lost more than his fortune in a vain and futile attempt to raise his status in the Empire. Although he may have been the richest man in Rome, Crassus was the poor relation in the First Triumvirate. He needed military laurels to raise him onto the level of Pompey and Caesar, and he chose to try and get them in Parthia. His vanity cost the lives of seven legions, his son, and his own head. The Roman force was wiped out in the desert and the prestige lost that day would not be restored until the time of Augustus. [Publisher]

The animation of battle scenes were produced using the game engine from Rome: Total War (2004).
Setudeh-Nejad, Shahab
"Cultural and Cosmological Impact of Sasanian Civilization in Vietnam and Peninsular Areas of Southeast Asia" (1996)
Asian Culture Quarterly, 1996, vol. 24, no. 4 (Winter)
Abstract: Commerce with China existed in the reign of the Parthian ruler, Mithradates II, circa 123-87 B.C. The author also maintains that maritime commerce between the Parthians and the Chinese regions of Southeast Asia existed in the 3rd century A.D. and that the Sassanians continued and expanded the maritime trade routes to Southeast Asia began by the Parthians.
Seyrig, Henri
Antiquités syriennes (1934-1953)
In: Institut français d'archéologie de Beyrouth. Publications hors série ; no 4-5, 7-8
Paris: P. Geuthner, 1934
Abstract: "Extrait de 'Syria' 1931-1952."
"Troisième série: Extrait de 'Syria', 1939-1940-1941, augmenté d'un index pour les trois séries."
"Quatrième série: Extrait de 'Syria', 1944-1952, corrigé sur certains points, augmenté d'un index pour les quatre séries."
"La grande statue parthe de Shami" (1939)
Syria, 1939, vol. 20, p. 177-181.
"Inscriptions grecques de l'agora de Palmyre" (1941)
Syria, 1941, vol. 22, p. 223ff.
"Trésor monétaire de Nisibe" (1955)
Revue Numismatique, 1955, p. 85-128.
Abstract: A discussion of the Nisibis 1955 hoard (IGCH 1788). Includes one Mithradates II bronze.
[Title?] (1959-1960)
Revue Numismatique, 1960, p. 291.
Abstract: A discussion of the Nisibis 1955 hoard (IGCH 1788). Includes one Mithradates II bronze.
"Antiquités syriennes. Les dieux armés et les arabes en Syrie" (1970)
Syria, 1970, vol. 47, no. 1-2, p. 77-112.
Abstract: An issue of Phraates of Seleuceia on the Tigris and a Parthian coin of Seleuceia are illustrated on p. 85.
Trésors du Levant anciens et nouveaux (1973)
In: Bibliothèque archéologique et historique v. 94
Trésors monétaires séleucides ; 2
Paris: P. Geuthner, 1973
Abstract: Includes description of IGCH 1568 which includes a tetradrachm of Phraates II, Susa mint. See review: Gh. Poenaru Bordea, Studii si Cercetari de Numismatica, vol. 7 (1980), pp. 197-199. Other hoards with Parthian coins but no illustrations:
34. Trésor dit de Mardine, with 19 Mithradates II drachm, 14 Artabanus II drachm, 8 Sinatruces drachm, and 16 Phraates III drachm.
37. "Trésor d'Akkar," with one tetradrachm of Phraates IV with the legends PS and UPER, the date September 280 (33/32 B.C.) of the Seleucid era (not illustrated, but presumably Sellwood 54.6). Also includes 15 Seleucid coins.
39. "Trésor de Diyarbakir." with 80 Parthian drachms (none illustrated) including those of Mithradates II (32), Sinatruces (28), and Phraates III (20). Also includes 158 Seleucid and Roman coins, and a drachm of Ariobarzanes I.
Shahbazi, A. Shapur
"Parthian Army"
In: The Ancient Iranian Army
"Empire of the Parthian (Ashkâniân ) Dynasty"
"The Arsacids. i. Origins" (1986)
In: Encyclopaedia Iranica, vol. 2
1986, 525 p.
"The Arsacids. vi. Arsacid Chronology in Traditional History" (1986)
In: Encyclopaedia Iranica, vol. 2
1986, p. 542-543.
"Iranian Notes, 7-13" (Note 11) (1986)
Archäologische Mitteilungen aus Iran, 1986, vol. 19, p. 163-175.
Abstract: Discusses the hand gesture seen on the Mithradates II rock relief at Behistun.
"The Arsacids. v. The 'Arsacid' Era" (1986)
In: Encyclopaedia Iranica, vol. 2
1986, p. 541-542.
"The Parthian Origins of the House of Rustam" (1993)
Bulletin of the Asia Institute, 1993, tome/ser. New, vol. 7, p. 155-163.
Abstract: Iranian epics that appear in the Sasanian official history the Shahnama incorporated much Parthian history presented in the form of narratives. The author traces the legendary history of the great heroic figure of Rustam. [C. A. Bromberg]
"Gondophares the S H (S E): Postscript to "The Parthian Origins of the House of Rustam" (1994)
Bulletin of the Asia Institute, 1996, tome/ser. New, vol. 8
Abstract: The author reinterprets his view, expressed in his article in Bulletin of the Asia Institute 7, that a coin of Gondophares, the Saka king of Seistan, carries a coin legend introducing him as S M, which added to the identification of Gondophares with Rustam.
"Carrhae" (1995)
In: Encyclopaedia Iranica, vol. V, 1992
Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda, 1995, p. 9-13.
Shahbazi, A. Shapur & Kettenhofen, Erich
"Deportations, forced transfers of population from one region to another. i. In the Achaemenid period. ii. In the Parthian and Sasanian periods"
In: Yarshater, Ehsan (ed.), Encyclopædia Iranica
Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda
Shahidzadeh, A. A.
"Somam and Jowbon: Two Parthian sites in the Sepidrud Valley" (1976)
In: Akten des VII. Internationalen Kongresses für Iranische Kunst und Archäologie : München, 7.-10. September 1976. Archäologische Mitteilungen aus Iran. Ergänzungsband 6
Berlin: D. Reimer, 1977, 246 p.
Abstract: Paper read at congress but not included in the Proceedings.
Shaked, Shaul
"Notes on the Pahlvai Amulet and Sasanian Courts of Law" (1993)
Bulletin of the Asia Institute, 1993, tome/ser. New, vol. 7
"Two Parthian Ostraca from Nippur" (1994)
Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 1994, vol. 57, p. 208-212.
Abstract: Professor Shaked's paper provides his proposed transliteration, translation and commentary on two ostraca in the University of Pennsylvania Museum, B2983 (Babylonian Expedition, 1892) and B2729 (excavated in 1989), and compares the style with the Dura Europas letter.
"Le satrape de Bactriane et son gouverneur" (2004)
In: Persika 4
Paris: de Boccard, 2004, p. 42-45.
[Title?] (1950)
In: Trudy Gosudarstvennogo Istoricheskogo Muzeia Akademii Nauk Armianskoi SSR 2
Erevan: 1950, p. 7-35.
Shayegan, Rahim
"On Demetrius II Nicator's Arsacid Captivity and Second Rule" (2007)
Bulletin of the Asia Institute, 2007, tome/ser. New, vol. 17, p. 83-103.
Shein, R. V.
"O progrebenii monetoi III v. n.e. v sel. Chukhuriiurd Shemakhanskogo raiona" [A burial with a 3rd-century A.D. coin in the village of Chukhuriurd, Shemakhan district] (1965)
Doklady AN Azerbaidzhanskoi SSR, 1965, vol. 31, no. 5, p. 99-102.
Abstract: Summary in Azebaidzhan. A burial accidently discovered in Azerbaidzhan in 1954 contained a Parthian drachm of Artabanus V, a rare find for the southern Caucasus. [K. V. Golenko]
Shelat, Bharati (ed.)
The Catalogue of the Ancient Coins in the B. J. Institute Museum (2003)
B. J. Institute of Learning & Research, 2003, 79 p.
Abstract: The Catalogue describes the collection of 467 ancient coins preserved in the musuem. The coins include 15 punch-marked cions, 9 Indo-Greek coins, 19 Indo-Scythian, Indo-Parthian and Soter Megas coins, 41 Kushana Coins, 50 post-Mauryan local coins of North India and tribal coins, 66 Western Ksatraps coins and coins of Sarva Bhattaraka, 183 Gupta coins, 60 Indo-Sassanian (Gadhaiya) coins, 2 coins of Caulukya Siddharaja Jayasimha, 10 Hindu Shahi coins and 12 coins of the Chola Kings of South India.
Sheldon, Rose Mary
Intelligence activities in ancient Rome : trust in the gods, but verify (2005)
London: Frank Cass, 2005, xxvii+317 p.
Abstract: See chapter: "The high price of failure: Crassus and the Parthians"
Shepherd, Dorothy G.
7000 years of Iranian art--in Cleveland : a guide to the exhibition (1964)
Cleveland: Museum of Art, 1964, 16 p.
"Two Silver Rhyta" (1966)
Bulletin of the Cleveland Museum of Art, 1966, vol. 53, p. 289-311.
Sherozia, Medea & Doyen, Jean-Marc
Les monnaies parthes du musée de Tbilissi (Géorgie) (2007)
Wetteren: Moneta, 2007, 206 p.
Abstract: L'Institut d'Archéologie Vasile Pârvan est l'héritier de la principale institution, qui, sous divers n La Géorgie sur situe à la frontière des empires romains et parthes. Au cours des siècles, elle passa sous la domination partielle ou totale de l'un ou de l'autre. De très nombreux sites archéologiques, des tombes, ont livré des monnaies parthes d'argent ou de bronze.

Le musée d'État de Géorgie conserve une très vaste collection de ces monnaies trouvées soit isolément soit en même temps que des monnaies romaines. Ce volume dresse le catalogue de 574 monnaies parthes d'origine locale assurée ou probable.

Medea Sherozia est conservatrice au Cabinet des médailles du musée d'État de Géorgie à Tbilissi. Jean-Marc Doyen est spécialiste du monnayage séleucide et parthe. [publisher]
Sherwin-White, A. N.
"Ariobarzanes, Mithridates and Sulla" (1977)
Classical Quarterly, 1977, vol. 27, p. 173-83.
Roman foreign policy in the East, 168 B.C. to A.D. 1 (1984)
Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1984
Abstract: Includes an excellent discussion of the Parthians. See review: F. W. Walbank, Journal of Roman Studies, Vol. 75, 1985 (1985) , pp. 235-237.
Sherwin-White, Susan
Seleucid Babylonia: a case study for the installation and development of Greek rule (1987)
In: Kuhrt, Amélie & Sherwin-White, Susan (eds.), Hellenism in The East. The Interaction of Greek and non-Greek Civilizations from Syria to Central Asia after Alexander
Berkeley: University of California Press, 1987, p. 1-31.
Sherwin-White, Susan & Kuhrt, Amélie
From Samarkhand to Sardis. A new approach to the Seleucid empire (1993)
In: Hellenistic Culture and Society XIII
Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993, ix+261 p.
Abstract: See book review by Waldemar Heckel -- University of Calgary in The Bryn Mawr Classical Review.

The empire created by Alexander the Great's general, Seleucus, constituted the largest Hellenistic kingdom of the successor states: yet this is the first substantial treatment of Seleucid history to appear for fifty years. The authors approach this important and successful state from new perspectives, seeing it as part of the Middle Eastern world rather than solely in Greco-Roman terms, and arguing that the Seleucid state is best understood as heir to the great Achaemenid Persian empire and earlier Middle Eastern states.

They investigate the economies, social structures, political systems, and cultures of the many peoples making up the empire, and analyze, in the context of colonialism and imperialism, such evidence as exists for cultural changes, including Hellenization.

The book makes accessible the great variety of new and important documents that have been recently discovered. It will be welcomed by students, teachers, and all readers with an interest in Hellenistic and Middle Eastern history.

Susan Sherwin-White is Honorary Research Associate of Royal Holloway and Bedford New College. Amélie Kuhrt is Reader in Ancient Near Eastern History at University College, London. [Authors]
Shlosser, Franziska E.
Greek Gold and Silver Coins in the McGill University Collection (1975)
In: Woloch, Michael (ed.), The McGill University Collection of Greek and Roman Coins, Vol. 2
Amsterdam: B. R. Grüner, 1975
Abstract: Catalog numbers 310-315 are Parthian; 316-317 are from Persis.
Ancient Bronze Coins in the McGill University Collection (1984)
In: Woloch, Michael (ed.), The McGill University Collection of Greek and Roman Coins, Vol. 3
Amsterdam: B. R. Grüner, 1984
Abstract: Catalog numbers 470-476 are Parthian.
Shoe, L. T.
"Architectural Mouldings of Dura Europos" (1948)
Berytus, 1948, vol. 9, p. 1ff.
Bibliography - Page 58

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