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Parthian Rulers Index


In main, the chronologies of Frye [The History of Ancient Iran (1984), pp. 209ff, 360] and Sellwood [An Introduction to the Coinage of Parthia, 1980, 2nd ed.] are followed with some modification. Specific changes include revisions to the early kings following Koshelenko's theory of descent based on information found in the Parthian ostraca of Nisa. [Koshelenko (1976), "Genealogia Pervykh Arshakidov", p. 34]. Koshelenko reconciles Justin (Trogus) with Arrian, based on archaeological evidence. Olson's study of Greek letterforms (1973) and additional numismatic evidence have been considered. The revised father-son relationship between Mithradates IV and Vologases IV is established by the inscription on the bronze Herakles [W. I. al-Salihi, Sumer 43 (1984), p. 219, and J. Black, ibid., p. 230]. Tiridates III was added at the end of the genealogy following Sellwood's clarification of a numismatic inscription in "The End of the Parthian Dynasty" (1990).

Click on a name for more detailed information. Dates are given for clarity and alternate names are included. Obsolete and alternate attributions and usages are italicized and, where appropriate, each is linked or cross-referenced to the correct attribution. Except for cross-references, and for Roman historical figures and cases where the Latinized form is better known, this web site uses the Greek form of personal names.

Also see the genealogy chart and the chronological listing of Parthian rulers . For a comparison of coin attributions by the principal numismatists, see the attribution correlation chart. For a list of names attested in ancient inscriptions or texts, see the attested names of Parthian rulers page.


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

-A-
Ardavan - see Artabanus
Ardashir Babakan - Parthian prince in Persis, later Sasanian king Ardashir I
Arshak - see Arsaces
Arsaces I (c. 247 - 211 B.C.)
Arsaces II (c. 211 - 191 B.C.)
Artabanus I (c. 211 - 191 B.C.) - see Arsaces II (c. 211 - 191 B.C.)
Artabanus I (c. 127 - 124 B.C.)
Artabanus II (c. 127 - 124 B.C.) - see Artabanus I (c. 127 - 124 B.C.)
Artabanus II (c. A.D. 10 - 38)
Artabanus III (c. A.D. 10 - 38) - see Artabanus II (c. A.D. 10 - 38)
Artabanus III (c. A.D. 80 - 90)
Artabanus IV (c. A.D. 80 - 90)- see Artabanus III (c. A.D. 80 - 90)
Artabanus IV (c. A.D. 216 - 224)
Artabanus V (c. A.D. 216 - 224) - see Artabanus IV (c. A.D. 216 - 224)
Artavasdes (c. A.D. 226 - 227?) - now known to not have existed, even though attested.
Note: coins attributed to "Artavasdes" by Gardner, Petrowicz and Wroth were coins of Artabanus IV (c. A.D. 216 - 224). See the attribution correlation chart
Aschek - see Arsaces

-B-
Baharam - see Phraates
Balaš -see Vologases
Bardanes - see Vardanes
Belash -see Vologases

-C-
Chosroes I (c. A.D. 109 - 129) - see Osroes I (c. A.D. 109 - 129)
Chosroes II (c. A.D. 190) - see Osroes II (c. A.D. 190)
Cinnamus? (c. A.D. 37)

-D-
Darius of Media Atropatene (c. 70 B.C.)

-F-
Farhad - see Phraates
Firouz - see Phraates or Mithradates

-G-
Gotarzes I (c. 95 - 90 B.C.)
Gotarzes II (c. A.D. 40 - 51)

-I-
Interregnum (c. 127-125 B.C.)

-K-
Khosrou
- see Phraates or Osroes

-M-
Meherdates (c. A.D 49)
Mehrdad - see Mithradates
Mithradates (c. 10 B.C.)
Mithradates I (c. 171 - 138 B.C.)
Mithradates II (c. 123 - 88 B.C.)
Mithradates III (c. 57 - 54 B.C.)
Mithradates IV (c. A.D. 129 - 140)
Mithridates - see Mithradates
Musa

-N-
Narses - see Vonones I (c. A.D. 8 - 12)

-O-
Orodes I (c. 90 - 80 B.C.)
Orodes II (c. 57 - 38 B.C.)
Orodes III (c. A.D. 6)
Osroes I (c. A.D. 109 - 129)
Osroes II (c. A.D. 190)

-P-
Pacorus I (c. 39 B.C.)
Pacorus II (c. A.D. 78 - 105)
Parthamaspates (c. A.D. 116)
Padeshahi Buzusk -
see Phriapatius (c. 191 - 176 B.C.)
Phraapates - see Phriapatius (c. 191 - 176 B.C.)
Phraataces (c. 2 B.C. - A.D. 4)
Phraates (c. A.D. 35)
Phraates I (c. 176 - 171 B.C.)
Phraates II (c. 138 - 127 B.C.)
Phraates III (c. 70 - 57 B.C.)
Phraates IV (c. 38 - 2 B.C.)
Phraates V (c. 2 B.C. - A.D. 4) - see Phraataces (c. 2 B.C. - A.D. 4)
Phriapatius (c. 191 - 176 B.C.)
Priapatius (c. 191 - 176 B.C.) - see Phriapatius (c. 191 - 176 B.C.)

-R-
Ri-'nu - queen regent for Phraates II

-S-
Sanabares (c. A.D. 50 - 65)
Schabour -
see Phriapatius (c. 191 - 176 B.C.)
Sinatruces (c. 77 - 70 B.C.)

-T-
Thermusa - see Musa
Tiridates - not king; brother of Arsaces I and grandfather of Phriapatius
Tiridates I (c. 29 - 26 B.C.)
Tiridates II (c. 29 - 27 B.C.) - see Tiridates I (c. 29 - 26 B.C.)
Tiridates II (c. A.D. 35 - 36)
Tiridates III (c. A.D. 35 - 36) - see Tiridates II (c. A.D. 35 - 36)
Tiridates III (c. A.D. 224 - 228?)

-U-
Unknown King (I) (c. 80 B.C.)
Unknown King (II) (c. 80 - 70 B.C.)
Unknown King (III) (c. A.D. 140)

-V-
Valarsaces - see Mithradates I (c. 171 - 138 B.C.)
Vardan - see Vardanes
Vardanes I (c. A.D. 40 - 47)
Vardanes II (c. A.D. 55 - 58)
Vologases I (c. A.D. 51 - 78)
Vologases I (c. A.D. 78 - 90) - see Vologases II (c. A.D. 77 - 80)
Vologases II (c. A.D. 77 - 80)
Vologases II (c. A.D. 105 - 147) - see Vologases III (c. A.D. 105 - 147)
Vologases III (c. A.D. 105 - 147)
Vologases III (c. A.D. 148 - 192) - see Vologases IV (c. A.D. 147 - 191)
Vologases IV (c. A.D. 147 - 191)
Vologases IV (c. A.D. 190 - 207) - see Vologases V (c. A.D. 191 - 208)
Vologases V (c. A.D. 191 - 208)
Vologases V (c. A.D. 207 - 227) - see Vologases VI (c. A.D. 208 - 228)
Vologases VI (c. A.D. 208 - 228)
Vonones I (c. A.D. 8 - 12)
Vonones II (c. A.D. 51)

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This page last updated 17 Apr 2008

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